Mainalo
A photo taken in the summer of a mountainside of Mainalo. The mountainside is completely covered in a green forest of Greek fir.
Greek fir forest on Mainalo
Highest point
PeakOstrakina or Profitis Ilias
Elevation1,981 m (6,499 ft)[1]
Coordinates37°38′37″N 22°16′47″E / 37.6436°N 22.2797°E / 37.6436; 22.2797Coordinates: 37°38′37″N 22°16′47″E / 37.6436°N 22.2797°E / 37.6436; 22.2797
Naming
Etymologyfrom Ancient Greek Μαίναλον (Maínalon)
Native nameΜαίναλο  (Greek)
Geography
The location of Mainalo on a blank map of the relief of the Peloponnese, Greece
The location of Mainalo on a blank map of the relief of the Peloponnese, Greece
Mainalo
The mountain is in the middle of the Peloponnese, in Arcadia, Greece
Geology
Mountain typeMount
Climbing
Easiest routeHike

Mainalo (Greek: Μαίναλο, Ancient Greek: Μαίναλος or Μαίναλον, romanizedMainalos or Mainalon; Latin: Maenalus[2]) is the tallest mountain in the Menalon highlands of the Peloponnese, and is located in Arcadia, Greece. In antiquity, the mountain was especially sacred to Pan.[2]

The mountain's highest point, known as both Profitis Ilias and Ostrakina,[1][3] at a height of 1,981 m (6,499 ft),[1] is the highest point in Arcadia.[4] The mountain has a length of 15 to 20 kilometres (9.3 to 12.4 mi) from southwest of Tripoli to northeast of Vytina, and a width of 5 to 10 kilometres (3.1 to 6.2 mi) from Zygovisti to Kapsas.[4] The mountain is part of a Natura 2000 site, designated in March 2011, covering an area of 226.4 square kilometres (87.4 sq mi).[5] In the 19th and early 20th century, the mountain was known as Apano Chrepa.[6]

Mainalo is home to a ski resort, which is found at an elevation of 1,600 metres (5,200 ft), with 7 ski slopes and 4 lifts,[7] which are at an altitude between 1,550 to 1,770 metres (5,090 to 5,810 ft).[4]

Geography

Mainalo's ground is primarily made of lime, among various calcareous substrates.[5]

Mainalo has various named peaks. Listed by height, they are, among others;[1][3]

Ecology

Ostrakina Ski Center in winter
Ostrakina Ski Center in winter

The mountain houses many forests of Greek fir and Crimean pine. Natura 2000 cites these forests as the "[Greek fir and Crimean pine's] best representation in Peloponnisos."[5]

Mainalo has several ecological environments, comprising:[5]

Many amphibians, reptiles, mammals, insects, and diurnal predatory birds inhabit Mainalo. These include, among others;[5]

Notable people

The following people were associated with the ancient city Maenalus, which may have stood near the summit of Mainalo:[2][9]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Μαίναλο - Γράφημα των κορυφών του Μαίναλου [Mainalo - Graph of the peaks of Mainalo]. Oreivatein (in Greek). Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Public Domain Smith, William, ed. (1857). "Maenalus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. Vol. 2. London: John Murray. pp. 243–244.
  3. ^ a b Στην κορυφή Τζελάτη του Μαινάλου [At the Tzelati peak of Mainalo]. hikingexperience.gr (in Greek). 15 October 2011. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  4. ^ a b c "Mainalo". Peloponnese Travel Guide in Greece - Peloponnese.eu. Archived from the original on 14 October 2018. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d e "N2K GR2520001 dataforms". Natura 2000. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  6. ^ Orr, James (1915). "Greece; Graecia". International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Vol. II. Chicago: Howard-Severance Co. p. 1296 – via Archive.org.
  7. ^ "Ostrakina Ski Center - Mainalon". Greek Travel Pages. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  8. ^ a b c Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats (PDF). EUR 28. European Commission, DG-ENV. April 2013.
  9. ^ Leake, William Martin (1846). "Gates of Helos". Peloponnesiaca: a Supplement to Travels on the Moréa. London: J. Rodwell. pp. 241–243 – via Internet Archive.
  10. ^ a b c d e Leake, William Martin (1846). "Olympia". Peloponnesiaca: a Supplement to Travels on the Moréa. London: J. Rodwell. pp. 59–65 – via Internet Archive.
  11. ^ a b Matz, David (1991). Greek and Roman sport: a dictionary of athletes and events from the eighth century B.C. to the third century A.D.. United States: McFarland & Company Incorporated Pub. ISBN 9780899505589. OCLC 925131929.
  12. ^ a b c d Golden, Mark (2004). Sport in the Ancient World from A to Z. United States: Routledge. ISBN 9781134535965 – via Archive.org.
  13. ^ Durántez Corral, Conrado (2010). El significado de la victoria en los juegos de Olimpia - Los vencedores Olimpicos [The significance of victory in the games of Olympia - The Olympic victors] (PDF) (in Spanish). León: University of León.

Media related to Mainalo at Wikimedia Commons