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Malegaon
City
Malegaon
PowerLoom
Malegaon Fort
Malegaon Marathi
Malegaon Marathi
Malegaon
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 20°33′N 74°33′E / 20.55°N 74.55°E / 20.55; 74.55Coordinates: 20°33′N 74°33′E / 20.55°N 74.55°E / 20.55; 74.55
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictNashik
TalukaMalegaon
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyMalegaon Municipal Corporation
 • MLADadaji Bhuse, SS
Area
 • Total33.56 km2 (12.96 sq mi)
Elevation
438 m (1,437 ft)
Population
 • Total471,006
Demonym(s)Malegaonkar, Maleganvi
Language
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
423203 (City and Soygaon) & 423105 (for Camp area)
Vehicle registrationMH-41

Malegaon is a city and a municipal corporation in Nashik District in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is situated on the bank of Mosam River. Malegaon is known as the textile hub of Maharashtra. Malegaon is the second largest city of Nashik district after Nashik city and one of the largest city in North Maharashtra.

History

Malegaon (previously Maligaon[1]) at the confluence of the Mausam (previously Moosy[1]) and Girna rivers. On the road linking Mumbai and Agra – now National Highway-3(NH3), it used to be a small junction known as Maliwadi (hamlet of gardens). It quickly gained the reputation for being a source of employment in 1740 when a local jahagirdar, Naro Shankar Raj-e-Bahadur, started building a fort in the area. As the fort took 25 years, a sizeable number of Muslim workers and artisans from places like Surat and northern India settled in the area.[citation needed]

After the British captured the Malegaon fort in 1818, Muslims from Hyderabad migrated to the region. The 1857 revolt saw many Muslims from the north move here, and the pattern repeated over the years. Malegaon, with its growing Muslim presence, became something of a shelter and a source of employment for the community whenever it faced reversals. If famine in 1862 forced Muslim weavers in the Varanasi area to move to Malegaon, the political upheavals in the Hyderabad of the late 1940s and 1950s saw a similar exodus to the town. Communal riots, especially from the 1960s onward, have undoubtedly contributed to swelling the number of Muslim migrants to Malegaon.[citation needed]

Geography

Malegaon is at the confluence of the Girna and Mausam rivers, at elevation of 438 metres (1437 feet) at 18°25′N 77°32′E / 18.42°N 77.53°E / 18.42; 77.53.[2]

It is 280 km northeast of the state capital Mumbai. It has good connectivity with nearby cities like Nashik, Manmad, Mumbai and Dhule.

Roads:

Climate

Climate data for Malegaon (1981–2010, extremes 1901–2008)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.0
(96.8)
40.1
(104.2)
45.6
(114.1)
44.6
(112.3)
46.7
(116.1)
44.4
(111.9)
39.4
(102.9)
37.2
(99.0)
39.0
(102.2)
40.9
(105.6)
39.4
(102.9)
36.8
(98.2)
46.7
(116.1)
Average high °C (°F) 30.5
(86.9)
32.9
(91.2)
37.0
(98.6)
40.0
(104.0)
40.4
(104.7)
35.9
(96.6)
31.1
(88.0)
29.6
(85.3)
31.3
(88.3)
33.4
(92.1)
31.9
(89.4)
30.7
(87.3)
33.7
(92.7)
Average low °C (°F) 10.7
(51.3)
12.1
(53.8)
16.3
(61.3)
20.2
(68.4)
23.3
(73.9)
23.5
(74.3)
22.7
(72.9)
21.8
(71.2)
21.0
(69.8)
18.5
(65.3)
14.5
(58.1)
11.3
(52.3)
18.0
(64.4)
Record low °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
5.6
(42.1)
9.4
(48.9)
15.0
(59.0)
15.6
(60.1)
17.4
(63.3)
15.6
(60.1)
14.2
(57.6)
7.5
(45.5)
5.6
(42.1)
2.6
(36.7)
−0.6
(30.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 4.1
(0.16)
0.5
(0.02)
2.6
(0.10)
4.0
(0.16)
16.0
(0.63)
105.3
(4.15)
126.8
(4.99)
103.1
(4.06)
126.6
(4.98)
59.6
(2.35)
15.7
(0.62)
6.3
(0.25)
570.4
(22.46)
Average rainy days 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.5 1.4 5.4 7.4 6.5 6.9 3.3 1.0 0.4 33.8
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 30 24 18 17 23 48 64 69 64 44 37 36 40
Source: India Meteorological Department[3][4]

Economy

Industry

Malegaon is a major hub for cloth weaving using early 20th century power looms. The era of power looms in the city emerged after 1935. Malegaon was a traditional handloom-weaving centre in Maharashtra. Most of the preparatory work before weaving like starching the yarn, transferring it over the tubes, and preparing tana bana was done by the women. Even after power looms were introduced, women continued to help men in the weaving procedure.[citation needed]

With the introduction of power looms, the cloth industry in Malegaon flourished due to increased productivity. Many people bought power looms and very few were left with handlooms. It has an estimated 3 lakh power looms producing about 1 crore (10 million) meters of cloth every day. It attracts workers from around India, majority of migrants from U.P., Khandesh and Deccan, due to lower cost of living and Muslim dominance.[citation needed]

In recent times, the power loom industry is going through difficult phase due to factors like fluctuating government policies, frequent electricity outage, lack of political will, middleman at every stage and reluctance to migrate to advanced machines.[5] Though it is still a major source of employment, most of workers struggle to make a living. As a result, the city has observed a change in migration pattern wherein the worker prefer to move to metros compared to Malegaon for better and stable job opportunities.

Malegaon of late[when?] has been diversifying and new industries are rapidly expanding. PVC pipe manufacturing is one such industry. Malegaon is soon becoming a regional centre for PVC pipes.[citation needed]

Mollywood film industry

Malegaon's famous and self-made film spoof industry has introduced many classic Hollywood and Bollywood characters to the satellite town of Malegaon by giving them its quintessential dialogue, looks, circumstances, and food. Perhaps most famous of these indie filmmakers is Nasir Shaikh, who after having conquered local imagination with such cult spoofs as Malegaon ki Sholay, Malegaon ke Karan arjun, Malegaon ka James Bond and Supermen of Malegaon, the impoverished film-maker[who?] invaded national television with his second version of Malegaon Ka Chintu, Chintu ban gaya Gentleman, a mute comedy based loosely on Mr. Bean. The making of Supermen of Malegaon was captured on film by documentary filmmaker Faiza Ahmed Faiz in her 2012 documentary of the same name.

A crew named Sky View Pictures in Malegaon produce and make movies. They have made several short films like Dillage, Caller Tunes, The Lost Lover, and Independence.[6]

Agriculture

Villages near Malegaon and towards Satana, Nampur, Sonaj, Talwade and Vadel are indulged into agriculture and major producers of onions. Pomegranate is another crop of commercial importance that is cultivated by farmers in nearby pockets. Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) of Malegaon has a front office at Malegaon and research farm at Vadel.[7] There is also a campus of Mahatma Gandhi Vidyamandir's H. H. Sri Sri Murlidhara Swamiji College of Agriculture and H. H. Sri Sri Murlidhara Swamiji College of Horticulture in the Malegaon Camp area.[8]

Demographics

Religions in Malegaon (2011)[9]
Religion Percent
Muslims
78.95%
Hindus
18.50%
Buddhists
1.42%
Jains
0.82%
Others†
0.31%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.04%), Christians (<0.10%).

As of 2011 India census,[10] Malegaon city had urban/metropolitan population of 481,228. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Malegaon has an average literacy rate of 87.61%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: Male literacy is 90.35% and female literacy is 84.81%. About 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.[11]

In Malegaon City Islam is the most popular religion with approximately 379,927 (78.95%) following it. 89,011 (18.50%) of the population following Hindu religion. Buddhism is followed by 6,830 (1.42%) and Jainism 3,933 (0.82).[11]

78.23% of the population spoke Urdu, 16.76% Marathi, 1.77% Hindi and 1.03% Khandeshi as their first language.[12]

Education

Bomb blast

Main article: 29 September 2008 western India bombings

On 29 September 2008, three bombs exploded in the States of Gujarat and Maharashtra killing eight people and injuring 80. During the investigation in Maharashtra, a Hindu group was alleged to have been involved in the blasts.[citation needed] Three of the arrested suspects were identified as Sadhvi Pragya Singh Thakur,[13][14] Shiv Narayan Gopal Singh Kalsanghra, and Shyam Bhawarlal Sahu. All three were produced before the Chief Judicial Magistrate's court in Nashik, which remanded them to custody till 3 November.[15] On 28 October, the Shiv Sena, came out in support of the accused saying that the arrests were political in nature.[citation needed], Shiv Sena chief, Uddhav Thackeray, propounded a potential conflict of interest in political rivalry as the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) controlled the relevant ministry.[16] The National Investigation Agency (NIA) has found evidence against Sadhvi Pragya Singh Thakur and it has recommended the court to act against all charges against her which was proven incorrect.[17]

The Indian Army officer Prasad Shrikant Purohit was also accused of being involved in the blast.[18] His counsel alleged that he was being falsely framed for political reasons because he has intelligence data of a sensitive nature pertaining to the operations of Sanathan sanstha, and bajrang Dal which could embarrass some quarters[citation needed] . He was sent on bail by the Supreme Court after nine years of trial on 21 August 2017.

Recently both Sadhvi Pragya Singh and Shrikant Purohit have been acquitted. Sadhvi Pragya was elected as M.P. to Loksabha.

MLAs

MLAs from Malegaon Constituency for Maharashtra Assembly:

All India Majlis Ittehadul Muslimeen

MLAs from Malegaon Outer Constituency for Maharashtra Assembly:

References

  1. ^ a b Wright, George Newenham (1837). "A New and Comprehensive Gazetteer". G.N. Wright, 1837. See entry for MULLIGAUM, p216.
  2. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Malegaon". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  3. ^ "Station: Malegaon Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 467–468. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M145. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  5. ^ Smriti Irani has taken charge as Textile Minister when the industry is in its worst phase http://ummid.com/news/2016/July/13.07.2016/smriti-irani-takes-charge-as-textile-minister.html
  6. ^ "Caller Tunes Official Trailer". Jayesh Sonar. Archived from the original on 17 December 2016. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  7. ^ "Krishi Vigyan Kendra".
  8. ^ "H. H. Sri Sri Murlidhara Swamiji College of Agriculture".
  9. ^ "C-16 Population By Religion - Maharashtra". census.gov.in.
  10. ^ "Malegaon Taluka Population Nashik, Maharashtra, List of Villages & Towns in Malegaon Taluka".
  11. ^ a b "Malegaon Taluka Population Nashik, Maharashtra, List of Villages & Towns in Malegaon Taluka".
  12. ^ "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Maharashtra". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  13. ^ "Arrests of framed 'Hindu terrorists' embarasses BJP". Hindustan Times. 28 October 2008. Archived from the original on 5 January 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2013.
  14. ^ "Sadhvi in jail for Malegaon blast". The Times of India. 25 October 2008. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2013.
  15. ^ "Front Page : Malegaon blast; three remanded to custody". The Hindu. 25 October 2008. Archived from the original on 26 October 2008. Retrieved 9 March 2013.
  16. ^ "Real masterminds still at large, sadhvi Pragya a victim: Sena — Mumbai — City". The Times of India. 28 October 2008. Retrieved 9 March 2013.
  17. ^ "NIA set to drop case against Sadhvi Pragya, others arrested by MP Police". 27 December 2013.
  18. ^ "Malegaon blast: ATS says Purohit main conspirator". The Indian Express. 20 January 2009. Retrieved 9 March 2013.