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Manamadurai
மானாமதுரை
Municipality
Manamadurai is located in Tamil Nadu
Manamadurai
Manamadurai
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 9°42′N 78°29′E / 9.7°N 78.48°E / 9.7; 78.48Coordinates: 9°42′N 78°29′E / 9.7°N 78.48°E / 9.7; 78.48
CountryIndia
StateTamil Nadu
DistrictSivaganga district
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Town
 • BodyMunicipality
Elevation
121 m (397 ft)
Languages
 • Official (Tamil, English)Tamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
630 606 (Manamadurai Head post office)
Manamadurai Town Area code04574
Vehicle registrationTN 63 (Sivagangai RTO)

Manamadurai is a Municipality Town [1] in Sivaganga district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Manamadurai falls under Manamadurai Legislative assembly.

Geography

Manamadurai is located at 9°42′N 78°29′E / 9.7°N 78.48°E / 9.7; 78.48. It has an average elevation of 121 metres (397 ft).[2] The Vaigai river flows from north to south through Manamadurai and divides the town into Eastern bank and Western bank. The town cover an area of revenue villages Arimandapam, Keelamelkudi, Vethiyanenthal, Kalkurichi, Udaikulam, Thayapuram, Sipcot, Seikalathur, Othakadai, Moongilurani, Kannar street, Alagar Kovil street, Brinthavanam, Railway colony, Krishnarajapuram colony, Ramnagar, Mangulam, seiyaalur, Kombukaranenthal, Pattatharechi, Pattar street, Valanaadu, Kalpiravu, Panikaranenthal, Athanoor, Keelapasalai, Melapasalai, New Vasantha Nagar, Rajakambeeram, Keppanoor, Sangamangalam, Annavasal, comes under limit of the town.[3]

Demographics

As of 2021 India census, Manamadurai had a population of 50,500. Males constitute 50% of the population and Females 50%. Manamadurai has an average literacy rate of 77% : Male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 72%. In Manamadurai, 10% of the population is under six years of age. The town has 20,406 households.[4]

Manamadurai falls under Manamadurai State assembly constituency and Sivaganga Loksabha constituency.[5]

Highlights

This town is famous for manufacturing Ghatam musical instruments, clay pots, clay horses, and other clay items.[6][7]

Festivals

Industry

The State Industries Promotion Corporation of Tamil Nadu (SIPCOT) Limited is situated in Sivagangai road, which is a major employment source for people in and around Manamadurai. Manamadurai was famous for its production of jasmine flowers. This industry has dwindled over time due to the destruction of gardens throughout the town.[citation needed] Bricks, brick tiles, and pot-making centres are major industries in Manamadurai.

Videocon manufacturing unit

SIPCOT has allocated 70 acres (280,000 m2) of land near Manamadurai to the Indian electronics company Videocon to set up its manufacturing facility for refrigerators, washing machines, and television sets. The company had plans to introduce a battery assembly line at this facility.[8][9]

Transport

Road

The Manamadurai Bus terminus is situated at Western bank of the town close to Manamadurai - Rameswaram Highway. It is well connected to major cities like Madurai, Trichy, Chennai, and Rameswaram.

Rail

Main article: Manamadurai Junction railway station

The Manamadurai Junction railway station is situated in Southern part of the village at the Western Bank. It is a major stopping for all the trains running between Rameshwaram - Madurai, Rameswaram - Chennai and Virudhunagar - Karaikudi. The railway junction in manamadurai connects with Aruppukottai railway junction in south west, Madurai railway junction in north west, and "the holy temple city" Rameshwaram railway station in south east and Karaikudi railway junction in north east. The daily local DEMU Passenger train via Manamadurai connects the main cities of virudhunagar and Tiruchirapalli via Sivaganga, karaikudi, Chettinad devakkottai road, Thirumayam, Pudukkottai and leads to Trichy. an ICF blue local daily passenger train runs between Madurai to Rameshwaram via Thiruppuvanam, thiruppachethi, Manamadurai, paramakkudi, Ramanathapuram, Mandapam, pamban and leads to Rameshwaram. The railway line between Manamadurai and Rameswaram became the country's first green train corridor.[10]

Educational institutions

Colleges

Computer institutions

Schools

Tourist places

The tourism industry is one of the major revenue generators for Manamadurai. There are various places of interest.

Anandavalli - Somanadhar Temple

Arulmigu Somanathar temple is an ancient Shiva temple consorted with Devi Anandavalli, which also houses the Maha Samadhi of the great saint Sadasiva Brahmendra.[13] The temple is located on the west bank of the Vaigai river. This Temple comes under the Control and Maintenance of Sivagangai Samasthan Devasthan Board under the control of Sivagangai's Present Queen.Rani.Medhagu.Sahiba.Gowri vallabha.Sri. Madhuraandhagi Naachiyar.

Thirukalayanam festival is celebrated every year in this temple. The festival resembles the celebration done in Madurai Meenakshi amman temple. But Thirukalyanam will take place in the early morning in Madurai and late evening in Manamadurai.

"Kallazhagar Vaigayil ezhuntharum Nigazhvu"(transl:கள்ளழகர் வைகை ஆற்றில் எழுந்தருளும் நிகழ்வு) Was better celebrated by People of Manamadurai.

Anandavalli Somanadhar Thirukalyanam
Anandavalli Somanadhar Thirukalyanam

Prithyangira Devi Temple

Panchabhutheswaram, also known as Vedhiyanendal vilakku, 5 km from Manamadurai, is on old ramanathapuram road, the route in which Lord Rama went to Sri Lanka to confront Ravanan. This place is known for its hard cut-rock (granite) temple dedicated to Shri Maha Panchamukha Prathyangira Devi. It houses the big deity of shri Maha Panchamukha Prathyangira Devi. There are two more sannidhies for Lakshmi Ganapathi and Sornagarshna Bhairavar. Kumbhabhishekham was performed on 24 June 2010. Sahasra Sandi Maha Yagnam was also performed from 25 June 2010 to 29 June 2010. It has come in a total area of about 5.5 acres (22,000 m2). Soon within the temple premises, ten more sannidhies are going to come for Dasamaha Vidya. Non-stop annadharmam right from 2000 since inception. Every Amavasai, people were various parts of Tamil Nadu and other states visit the temple.[14]

The holy dargah of Paanch Peer Shuhadaa at Kannar Street, Manamadurai
The holy dargah of Paanch Peer Shuhadaa at Kannar Street, Manamadurai

The Holy Paanch peer (Anjanamar) Five Shuhadaas Dargah

The Holy Paanch peer (Anjanamar) Five Shuhadaas Dargah is located near Kannar street, Manamadurai in Sivaganga District. The Panchpeer durgah is at Kannar road, on the Manamadurai-Ilayangudi State Highway. The Graves of Five Martyrs who came with Badusha Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed of Ervadi is found here.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ahead of polls to urban local bodies, TN to have six more corporations, 28 new municipalities". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 25 August 2021.
  2. ^ "Elevation of manamadurai - veloroutes.org". Veloroutes.org. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  3. ^ "Commissionerate of Municipal Administration". Commissionerate of Municipal Administration. 2006. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  4. ^ "PCA Data by District/SubDistrict/Town/Village Name". Census Commission of India. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 5 September 2016.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Chandrashekhar, Sumana (7 March 2020). "A life of passion and humility". The Hindu.
  7. ^ "Adventures in clay: How the ghatam got a second chance to survive".
  8. ^ "Assembling Make in India's mobile dream". Thehindubusinessline.com. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  9. ^ Sivakumar, Hemamalini Venkatraman & Nandini (22 December 2009). "Sipcot allots 70 acres to Videocon for Rs 2k cr plant in TN". The Economic Times. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  10. ^ "Country's first green train corridor opened between Rameswaram and Manamadurai, Asia's second turning railway track is located in manamadurai". The Times of India. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  11. ^ "Amirtha Nursing College". Archived from the original on 17 February 2013.
  12. ^ "Matha College of Teacher Education". Archived from the original on 29 May 2012. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 July 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Sri Maha Panchamukha Prathyangira Devi Temple, Vediarendal Vilakku, Manamadurai". www.atharvanabathrakalli.org. Archived from the original on 17 August 2010.
  15. ^ "Manamadurai | Ervadi Dargah | Ervadi | Ibrahim Shahid | Kattupalli | Tamil Nadu Ziyarat | Syed Ibrahim Shahid | Dawate Islam | Religious Healing | Healing Prayers | Faith Healing". 21 November 2010.