Manas County
玛纳斯县
ماناس ناھىيىسى
Manass
Location of Manas County (pink) in Changji Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang (grey)
Location of Manas County (pink) in Changji Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang (grey)
Coordinates: 44°18′N 86°13′E / 44.300°N 86.217°E / 44.300; 86.217Coordinates: 44°18′N 86°13′E / 44.300°N 86.217°E / 44.300; 86.217
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionXinjiang
PrefectureChangji Hui Autonomous Prefecture
Township-level divisions6 towns
3 townships
3 ethnic townships
County seatManas Town (玛纳斯镇)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Manas County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese玛纳斯县
Traditional Chinese瑪納斯縣
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese绥来县
Traditional Chinese綏來縣
Uyghur name
Uyghurماناس ناھىيىسى

Manas County is a county in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region under the administration of the Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture. It covers an area of 9,174 square kilometres (3,542 sq mi) and as of the 2002 census it had a population of 170,000.

The county seat is the old town of Manas (玛纳斯), located on the Manasi River just east of Shihezi.

Manass has been called: "the biggest city (after Urumchi) in the biggest oasis on the biggest river of the North Road, and the chief centre of the T’ung-kan (Т′уң-кан, Dungan) population."[1]

Climate

Climate data for Manas (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 5.8
(42.4)
5.9
(42.6)
23.6
(74.5)
34.8
(94.6)
38.4
(101.1)
40.0
(104.0)
41.9
(107.4)
41.1
(106.0)
39.4
(102.9)
33.2
(91.8)
18.4
(65.1)
8.5
(47.3)
41.9
(107.4)
Average high °C (°F) −10.1
(13.8)
−5.9
(21.4)
5.5
(41.9)
19.4
(66.9)
26.3
(79.3)
30.9
(87.6)
32.3
(90.1)
31.2
(88.2)
25.3
(77.5)
15.7
(60.3)
3.4
(38.1)
−7.0
(19.4)
13.9
(57.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −16.4
(2.5)
−11.8
(10.8)
0.2
(32.4)
12.0
(53.6)
19.0
(66.2)
23.7
(74.7)
25.1
(77.2)
23.3
(73.9)
17.1
(62.8)
8.2
(46.8)
−1.6
(29.1)
−12.4
(9.7)
7.2
(45.0)
Average low °C (°F) −21.9
(−7.4)
−17.5
(0.5)
−4.7
(23.5)
5.4
(41.7)
12.0
(53.6)
16.7
(62.1)
18.4
(65.1)
16.2
(61.2)
10.2
(50.4)
2.7
(36.9)
−5.7
(21.7)
−17.0
(1.4)
1.2
(34.2)
Record low °C (°F) −35.7
(−32.3)
−37.7
(−35.9)
−31.5
(−24.7)
−8.2
(17.2)
−1.8
(28.8)
5.0
(41.0)
10.0
(50.0)
4.4
(39.9)
−4.1
(24.6)
−8.8
(16.2)
−29.4
(−20.9)
−37.4
(−35.3)
−37.7
(−35.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8.9
(0.35)
9.2
(0.36)
13.7
(0.54)
25.2
(0.99)
29.6
(1.17)
23.1
(0.91)
23.8
(0.94)
18.5
(0.73)
16.5
(0.65)
18.5
(0.73)
16.7
(0.66)
12.0
(0.47)
215.7
(8.5)
Average relative humidity (%) 82 81 74 54 48 48 52 53 58 68 80 83 65
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Lattimore, Owen (1930) High Tartary Boston: Little, Brown, and Company. p. 43.
  2. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 24 November 2022.

Transport

Manas is served by China National Highway 312, the Northern Xinjiang and the Second Ürümqi-Jinghe Railways.

Notable persons