Manchester, Ohio
Second Street (US 52)
Location in Manchester Township, Adams County and the state of Ohio.
Coordinates: 38°41′22″N 83°36′33″W / 38.68944°N 83.60917°W / 38.68944; -83.60917Coordinates: 38°41′22″N 83°36′33″W / 38.68944°N 83.60917°W / 38.68944; -83.60917
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyAdams
Government
 • MayorTeresa Blythe[1]
Area
 • Total1.29 sq mi (3.35 km2)
 • Land1.28 sq mi (3.32 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation505 ft (154 m)
Population
 • Total2,023
 • Estimate 
(2019)[5]
1,955
 • Density1,523.77/sq mi (588.50/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
45144
Area code(s)937, 326
FIPS code39-47012[6]
GNIS feature ID1061465[3]

Manchester is a village in Manchester Township, Adams County, Ohio, United States, along the Ohio River. The population was 2,023 at the 2010 census.

History

The community was originally founded in 1790 as Massie's Station for Nathaniel Massie, an explorer and entrepreneur who first surveyed Virginia Military District. It was the first permanent settlement in the District. It was laid out along the Ohio River near three islands. In 1791, Massie's Station became known as Manchester, Ohio, after Manchester, England, Massie's ancestral home. It was the fourth permanent settlement established in the Northwest Territory. By 1791, residents had completely encircled the community with a stockade.[7]

In 1933, after its bankruptcy, Alfred Holbrook College opened on the same campus as National Normal University, a teacher's college in Lebanon, Ohio. In 1933, Alfred Holbrook College moved to Manchester where it closed in 1941.[8]

Gallery

Geography

Manchester is at 38°41′22″N 83°36′33″W / 38.68944°N 83.60917°W / 38.68944; -83.60917 (38.689546, -83.609263).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has an area of 1.29 square miles (3.34 km2), of which 1.28 square miles (3.32 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[10]

Manchester is at the junction of U.S. Route 52 and Ohio State Route 136. Manchester is the approximate halfway point between Cincinnati and Huntington, West Virginia.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850434
1870942
18801,45554.5%
18901,96535.1%
19002,0031.9%
19101,966−1.8%
19201,824−7.2%
19302,00910.1%
19402,1637.7%
19502,2815.5%
19602,172−4.8%
19702,1951.1%
19802,3135.4%
19902,223−3.9%
20002,043−8.1%
20102,023−1.0%
2019 (est.)1,955[5]−3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2010 census

As of the census[4] of 2010, 2,023 people, 818 households, and 527 families resided in the village. The population density was 1,580.5 inhabitants per square mile (610.2/km2). There were 1,032 housing units at an average density of 806.3 per square mile (311.3/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 96.2% White, 0.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.

There were 818 households, of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.4% were married couples living together, 19.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.6% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.05.

The village's median age was 38.1 years. 26.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.9% were from 25 to 44; 26.4% were from 45 to 64; and 15.6% were 65 years of age or older. The village's gender makeup was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.

2000 census

As of the census[6] of 2000, 2,043 people, 882 households, and 555 families resided in the village. The population density was 1,894.5 people per square mile (730.4/km2). There were 1,027 housing units at an average density of 952.4/mi2 (367.2/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 97.50% White, 0.15% African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.05% from other races, and 1.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.34% of the population.

There were 882 households, out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 25.0% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.

The village's median household income was $23,140, and the median income for a family was $28,641. Males had a median income of $29,539 versus $20,179 for females. The per capita income for the village was $13,535. About 19.1% of families and 23.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.7% of those under the age of 18 and 23.3% of those 65 and older.

Education

Manchester is served by the Manchester Local School District and the Manchester Public Library,[12] a branch of the Adams County Public Library.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ Independent, Ledger (9 January 2020). "Wagner resigns as mayor of Manchester". Ledger Independent – Maysville Online. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  5. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  6. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ Overman, William Daniel (1958). Ohio Town Names. Akron, OH: Atlantic Press. p. 82.
  8. ^ "Manchester, Ohio - Ohio History Central". ohiohistorycentral.org. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "Locations & Hours". Adams County Public Library. Retrieved 25 February 2018.