Location in Rajasthan, India
|Elevation||316 m (1,037 ft)|
|• Total||23,335 (Males−11,682 Females−11,653|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Mandawa is a town in Jhunjhunu district of Rajasthan in India. It is part of Shekhawati region. Mandawa is located at. It has an average elevation of 316 metres (1036 ft).
The town of Mandawa was a thikana of Jaipur State. Mandawa once functioned as a trading outpost for ancient caravan routes in Shekhawati for goods from China and the Middle East. Thakur Nawal Singh, then ruler of Nawalgarh and Mandawa built a fort in to protect this outpost. Over time, a township grew around the fort and soon attracted a large community of traders, who then settled down at Mandawa. The great Ghazal Singer of South Asia Mehdi Hassan was born here and migrated to Pakistan after the partition of India.
The lovely town of Mandawa is known as the "Open Art Gallery" as a whole. During the 18th century, Mandawa was a key stop for wealthy merchants travelling the Silk Road. The majority of them chose to build their homes in this town, resulting in the creation of a plethora of exquisitely crafted large Havelis that are popular tourist attractions in Mandawa.
Mandawa is world famous for its havleis, wall painitings and frescos. Its historical sites and rich culture entice visitors.
As of 2001[update] India census, Mandawa had a population of 20,717. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Mandawa has an average literacy rate of 58%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 45%. In Mandawa, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.