|• Type||Municipal corporation|
|• Body||Municipal Corporation of Manesar|
|• Commissioner||Munish Sharma|
|• Lok Sabha||Gurugram Lok Sabha Constituency|
|• Vidhan Sabha||Pataudi Constituency|
|• Total||124.32 km2 (48.00 sq mi)|
|Elevation||140 m (460 ft)|
|• Density||190/km2 (490/sq mi)|
|• Additional official||English, Punjabi|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Manesar 122 051
IMT Manesar 122 052
|Planning agency||Haryana Urban Development Authority|
Manesar is a town and municipal corporation in the Gurgaon district of the state of Haryana, India. It is an industrial hub and is a part of the National Capital Region (NCR) of Delhi.
Its proximity to the burgeoning city of Gurgaon has in recent years caused its character and demographics to change dramatically. It has many factories, offices, hotels, IT parks and educational institutes. There are several sightseeing spots around the area, some overlapping with Gurgaon. Manesar is 32 kilometres (20 mi) from Indira Gandhi International Airport and is located on National Highway 48, making it well connected with Delhi, Gurgaon, Rewari, Dharuhera, Jaipur, Ahmedabad and Mumbai.
Original Manesar village was a sleepy village of about 1000 dwellings on the Delhi-Jaipur highway, then numbered as NH-8.Early people to inhabit the region were Hindus ruled over by the Ahir clan(YADAVS). Yadu tribes were a part of this clan and today their descendants commonly hold the last name Yadav. Since the late 1990s, it has been transformed into a boom town. Its growth has been helped by government's drive to move out factories from Delhi as well as the growth of Gurgaon city and proximity to Delhi's Indira Gandhi International Airport (approximately 40 minutes). Farmers have become millionaires or multi-millionaires by selling their lands.
As of 2011 Indian Census, the Manesar census town had a total population of 23,448, of which 14,381 were males and 9,067 were females. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 3,382. The total number of literates in Manesar was 18,105, which constituted 77.2% of the population with male literacy of 83.2% and female literacy of 67.8%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Manesar was 90.2%, of which male literacy rate was 95.4% and female literacy rate was 81.6%. The Scheduled Castes population was 1,774. Manesar had 5074 households in 2011.
Manesar is part of the Delhi–Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project (DMIC) on the Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (WDFC) and is also located in the influence zone of the Amritsar Delhi Kolkata Industrial Corridor (ADKIC) on the Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor (EDFC).
Industrial Model Township, Manesar, (IMT Manesar) is a large industrial area that forms part of the DMIC. There are several large multinational companies, such as Maruti Suzuki, Jaquar, and Toshiba Eco City. Aadhar's national Data Center is also located here. Also Indian Institute of Corporate Affairs under Ministry of Corporate Affairs is located here, and it also contains the Manesar Software Technology Park, which covers 170 acres (69 ha).
Attempts by the Government of Haryana to acquire additional land for expansion of the IMT development from 2011 led to numerous protests and legal challenges from farmers and other residents. These were resolved in 2014 when it bought a total of 688 acres (278 ha) from three villages (Manesar, Nakhrola and Naurangpur) at a price set by the Punjab and Haryana High Court.
On 17 September 2015, the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) registered a First Information Report under various sections of the Indian Penal Code relating to forgery, cheating and criminal conspiracy. These were in connection with alleged irregularities involving land acquisitions at IMT Manesar. Subsequently, in 2018, the former Haryana Chief Minister, Bhupinder Singh Hooda, together with real estate companies, officials of the state government's department of town and country planning and bureaucrats who worked with Hooda while he was Chief Minister were charged. The scam had allegedly resulted in a 15 billion INR loss to farmers in Manesar and the adjoining villages of Naurangpur and Lakhnoula whose land, amounting to 400 acres (160 ha), had been threatened with government purchase for "public purpose". Faced with the threat of government acquisition, farmers sold at knock-down prices, averaging 25 percent of market value, to real estate developers. The Hooda government then released the land from the acquisition threat, thus favouring the developers.
One of the beneficiary of the scam was Hooda's nephew, Sukhwinder, whose company was given change of land use (CLU) permission for 52 acres land on the same day the government acquisition process had lapsed for the want of release of funds, while at the same time CLU was denied to two other unrelated applicants.
The Supreme Court of India cancelled the acquisition and grant of land to the developers and directed the CBI to inquire further. The government was instructed to "recover every single pie". Court returned the land to Haryana government. Land would not be returned to the landholders more than the prevailing price. The builders will not be allowed to recover any money they paid to land owners as the deal was done to benefit them and "middlemen". The court said:
The acquisition process was withdrawn with fraudulent intentions after the land was purchased by the private builders in active connivance with state functionaries. The builders and private entities were aware that the acquisition would not go through. The entire acquisition proceedings were initiated with mala fide intention, illegally and in violation of the provisions of the Land Acquisition Act. It was not a mere bonanza or a deal, but denoted quid pro quo.
In 2018, the Chief Minister, Manohar Lal Khattar, announced a new city that would adjoin Gurgaon and incorporate an area from Manesar towards Rewari, and also the area around Pataudi. The new city is likely to be spread across at least 50,000 hectares, which is larger than Chandigarh (11,400 hectares) but smaller than Gurgaon (73,200 hectares).
In November 2020, Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar announced creation of a new municipal corporation in Manesar. In December 2020, the Haryana Government approved the formation of a new municipal corporation for Manesar in a cabinat meeting.
Manesar lies on National Highway 48 and is served by many local buses and states Roadways buses and trains plying on this route. The nearest railway station is Ghari Harsaru; a major station is at Gurgaon.
There are many government and private schools, the former being managed by the Government of Haryana through the Haryana Board of School Education (HBSE).
The Heritage Transport Museum is situated on a 3 acres (1.2 ha) plot at Tauru Gurgaon, near Manesar. A built-up area of over 90,000 sq ft (8,400 m2) spread over four floors houses the exhibition galleries, library and reference centre, conference rooms, mini auditorium, the museum shop, and a restaurant facility.
In January 2020, the Indian Army set up a quarantine camp in Manesar for suspected cases of Coronavirus disease 2019. 300 Indian students airlifted from Wuhan district of China were quarantined and observed for 14 days, after which those with no symptoms were allowed to go home.
Some of the industrial units functioning in Manesar are: