Marathon
at the World Championships in Athletics
Women starting the 2013 marathon on the track
Overview
GenderMen and women
Years heldMen: 19832015
Women: 19832015
Championship record
Men2:06:54 Abel Kirui (2009)
Women2:20:57 Paula Radcliffe (2005)
Reigning champion
Men Geoffrey Kirui (KEN)
Women Rose Chelimo (BHR)

The marathon at the World Championships in Athletics has been contested by both men and women since the inaugural edition in 1983. It is the second most prestigious global title in the discipline after the marathon at the Olympics. From 1997 to 2011 it hosted the World Marathon Cup team event. It currently forms part of the World Marathon Majors circuit, which includes the six top annual races. The competition format has separate men's and women's races, which both serve as a straight final. Participation typically numbers between sixty and eighty runners per race. The event usually starts and ends in the main stadium, with the rest of the race taking place on the surrounding roads of the host city.

The championship records for the event are 2:06:54 hours for men, set by Abel Kirui in 2009, and 2:20:57 hours for women, set by Paula Radcliffe in 2005.[1] The world record has never been broken or equalled at the competition by either men or women, reflecting the lack of pacemaking and athletes' more tactical approach to championship races.[2]

Catherine Ndereba is the most successful athlete of the event, having won two gold medals and one silver medal in the women's marathon. Four other athletes have won the World Championships marathon twice: Abel Antón, Jaouad Gharib, Abel Kirui and Edna Kiplagat – all of whom had back-to-back victories.

Kenya is the most successful nation in the discipline, having won eight gold medals overall (four in each division). Japan is the next most successful, with three gold medallists, and shares the highest medal total of fourteen with Kenya. Spain has won three gold medals, while Ethiopia has won ten medals in the men's race (the highest).

Age

Patrick Dupouy of French Polynesia became the oldest male competitor of World Championships history in 2007, at the age of 46 years and 85 days.[3] Under current regulations, the records for the youngest participants will remain indefinitely as any athlete in the junior category (under-20) that year, or younger, is ineligible to enter the marathon.[4]

Distinction Male athlete Age Female athlete Age
Youngest champion Gezahegne Abera 23 years, 102 days Bai Xue 20 years, 251 days
Youngest medalist Feyisa Lilesa 21 years, 215 days Bai Xue 20 years, 251 days
Youngest participant Ahmed Hassan 18 years, 187 days Su Su-Ning 14 years, 274 days
Oldest champion Abel Antón 36 years, 308 days Catherine Ndereba 35 years, 43 days
Oldest medalist Abel Antón 36 years, 308 days Constantina Diță 35 years, 203 days
Oldest participant Patrick Dupouy 46 years, 85 days[nb1] Colleen de Reuck 47 years, 136 days

Doping

The first doping ban to effect the World Championships marathon came in 2001, when Italy's Roberto Barbi (60th in the men's race) was disqualified. Original eighth-placer Nailiya Yulamanova was disqualified from the 2009 women's race and another Russian, Mikhail Lemayev, had his result annulled from the men's race that year. Biological passport irregularities saw Abderrahim Goumri's runs in 2009 and 2011 retrospectively annulled.[5] The anti-doping programme at the 2013 championships saw Jeremías Saloj disqualified from the men's race for doping.[6]

Medalists

Men

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 Robert de Castella (AUS)  Kebede Balcha (ETH)  Waldemar Cierpinski (GDR)
1987 Rome
details
 Douglas Wakiihuri (KEN)  Hussein Ahmed Salah (DJI)  Gelindo Bordin (ITA)
1991 Tokyo
details
 Hiromi Taniguchi (JPN)  Hussein Ahmed Salah (DJI)  Steve Spence (USA)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Mark Plaatjes (USA)  Luketz Swartbooi (NAM)  Bert van Vlaanderen (NED)
1995 Gothenburg
details
 Martín Fiz (ESP)  Dionicio Cerón (MEX)  Luíz Antônio dos Santos (BRA)
1997 Athens
details
 Abel Antón (ESP)  Martín Fiz (ESP)  Steve Moneghetti (AUS)
1999 Seville
details
 Abel Antón (ESP)  Vincenzo Modica (ITA)  Nobuyuki Sato (JPN)
2001 Edmonton
details
 Gezahegne Abera (ETH)  Simon Biwott (KEN)  Stefano Baldini (ITA)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
 Jaouad Gharib (MAR)  Julio Rey (ESP)  Stefano Baldini (ITA)
2005 Helsinki
details
 Jaouad Gharib (MAR)  Christopher Isengwe (TAN)  Tsuyoshi Ogata (JPN)
2007 Osaka
details
 Luke Kibet (KEN)  Mubarak Hassan Shami (QAT)  Viktor Röthlin (SUI)
2009 Berlin
details
 Abel Kirui (KEN)  Emmanuel Mutai (KEN)  Tsegaye Kebede (ETH)
2011 Daegu
details
 Abel Kirui (KEN)  Vincent Kipruto (KEN)  Feyisa Lilesa (ETH)
2013 Moscow
details
 Stephen Kiprotich (UGA)  Lelisa Desisa (ETH)  Tadese Tola (ETH)
2015 Beijing
details
 Ghirmay Ghebreslassie (ERI)  Yemane Tsegay (ETH)  Solomon Mutai (UGA)
2017 London
details
 Geoffrey Kirui (KEN)  Tamirat Tola (ETH)  Alphonce Simbu (TAN)
2019 Doha
details
 Lelisa Desisa (ETH)  Mosinet Geremew (ETH)  Amos Kipruto (KEN)

Multiple medalists

Rank Athlete Nation Period Gold Silver Bronze Total
1= Abel Antón  Spain (ESP) 1997–1999 2 0 0 2
1= Jaouad Gharib  Morocco (MAR) 2003–2005 2 0 0 2
1= Abel Kirui  Kenya (KEN) 2009–2011 2 0 0 2
4 Martín Fiz  Spain (ESP) 1995–1997 1 1 0 2
5 Hussein Ahmed Salah  Djibouti (DJI) 1987–1991 0 2 0 2
6 Stefano Baldini  Italy (ITA) 2001–2003 0 0 2 2
7 Lelisa Desisa  Ethiopia (ETH) 2013-2019 1 1 0 2

Medalists by country

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Kenya (KEN) 4 3 0 7
2  Spain (ESP) 3 2 0 5
3  Morocco (MAR) 2 0 0 2
4  Ethiopia (ETH) 2 5 3 10
5  Japan (JPN) 1 0 2 3
6=  Australia (AUS) 1 0 1 2
6=  United States (USA) 1 0 1 2
8=  Uganda (UGA) 1 0 0 1
8=  Eritrea (ERI) 1 0 0 1
10  Djibouti (DJI) 0 2 0 2
11  Italy (ITA) 0 1 3 4
12=  Mexico (MEX) 0 1 0 1
12=  Namibia (NAM) 0 1 0 1
12=  Qatar (QAT) 0 1 0 1
12=  Tanzania (TAN) 0 1 0 1
16=  Brazil (BRA) 0 0 1 1
16=  East Germany (GDR) 0 0 1 1
16=  Netherlands (NED) 0 0 1 1
16=   Switzerland (SUI) 0 0 1 1

Women

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 Grete Waitz (NOR)  Marianne Dickerson (USA)  Raisa Smekhnova (URS)
1987 Rome
details
 Rosa Mota (POR)  Zoya Ivanova (URS)  Jocelyne Villeton (FRA)
1991 Tokyo
details
 Wanda Panfil (POL)  Sachiko Yamashita (JPN)  Katrin Dörre (GER)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Junko Asari (JPN)  Manuela Machado (POR)  Tomoe Abe (JPN)
1995 Gothenburg
details
 Manuela Machado (POR)  Anuța Cătună (ROU)  Ornella Ferrara (ITA)
1997 Athens
details
 Hiromi Suzuki (JPN)  Manuela Machado (POR)  Lidia Slăvuțeanu (ROU)
1999 Seville
details
 Jong Song-ok (PRK)  Ari Ichihashi (JPN)  Lidia Șimon (ROU)
2001 Edmonton
details
 Lidia Șimon (ROU)  Reiko Tosa (JPN)  Svetlana Zakharova (RUS)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
 Catherine Ndereba (KEN)  Mizuki Noguchi (JPN)  Masako Chiba (JPN)
2005 Helsinki
details
 Paula Radcliffe (GBR)  Catherine Ndereba (KEN)  Constantina Diţă-Tomescu (ROU)
2007 Osaka
details
 Catherine Ndereba (KEN)  Zhou Chunxiu (CHN)  Reiko Tosa (JPN)
2009 Berlin
details
 Bai Xue (CHN)  Yoshimi Ozaki (JPN)  Aselefech Mergia (ETH)
2011 Daegu
details
 Edna Kiplagat (KEN)  Priscah Jeptoo (KEN)  Sharon Cherop (KEN)
2013 Moscow
details
 Edna Kiplagat (KEN)  Valeria Straneo (ITA)  Kayoko Fukushi (JPN)
2015 Beijing
details
 Mare Dibaba (ETH)  Helah Kiprop (KEN)  Eunice Kirwa (BHR)
2017 London
details
 Rose Chelimo (BHR)  Edna Kiplagat (KEN)  Amy Cragg (USA)
2019 Doha
details
 Ruth Chepngetich (KEN)  Rose Chelimo (BHR)  Helalia Johannes (NAM)

Multiple medalists

Rank Athlete Nation Period Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Catherine Ndereba  Kenya (KEN) 2003–2007 2 1 0 3
2 Edna Kiplagat  Kenya (KEN) 2011–2017 2 1 0 3
3 Manuela Machado  Portugal (POR) 1993–1997 1 2 0 3
4 Lidia Șimon  Romania (ROU) 1997–2001 1 0 2 3
5 Reiko Tosa  Japan (JPN) 2001–2007 0 1 1 2

Medalists by country

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Kenya (KEN) 4 4 1 9
2  Japan (JPN) 2 5 4 11
3  Portugal (POR) 2 2 0 4
4  Romania (ROU) 1 1 3 5
5  China (CHN) 1 1 0 2
6=  Great Britain (GBR) 1 0 0 1
6=  North Korea (PRK) 1 0 0 1
6=  Norway (NOR) 1 0 0 1
6=  Poland (POL) 1 0 0 1
10=  Soviet Union (URS) 0 1 1 2
10=  Italy (ITA) 0 1 1 2
12  United States (USA) 0 1 0 1
13=  Ethiopia (ETH) 1 0 1 1
13=  France (FRA) 0 0 1 1
13=  Russia (RUS) 0 0 1 1

Championship record progression

Men

Men's marathon World Championships record progression[7]
Time Athlete Nation Year Round Date
2:10:03 Robert De Castella  Australia (AUS) 1983 Final 14 August
2:08:31 Jaouad Gharib  Morocco (MAR) 2003 Final 30 August
2:06:54 Abel Kirui  Kenya (KEN) 2009 Final 22 August

Women

Women's marathon World Championships record progression[8]
Time Athlete Nation Year Round Date
2:28:08 Grete Waitz  Norway (NOR) 1983 Final 7 August
2:25:17 Rosa Mota  Portugal (POR) 1987 Final 29 August
2:23:55 Catherine Ndereba  Kenya (KEN) 2003 Final 31 August
2:20:57 Paula Radcliffe  Great Britain (GBR) 2005 Final 14 August

References

  1. ^ Championships Records. IAAF. Retrieved on 2015-07-12.
  2. ^ IAAF World Championships: IAAF Statistics Handbook Daegu 2011, pp. 595–6 (archived). IAAF. Retrieved on 2015-07-06.
  3. ^ a b Butler 2013, p. 34–7.
  4. ^ Technical Regulations for the IAAF World Championships (Updated January 2015). IAAF. Retrieved on 2015-08-16.
  5. ^ Butler 2013, p. 67–9.
  6. ^ More than 1900 blood samples collected – Moscow 2013. IAAF (2013-09-20). Retrieved on 2015-08-16.
  7. ^ Main > Men, marathon > World Championships Records Progression. Track and Field Brinkster. Retrieved on 2015-07-07.
  8. ^ Main > Women, marathon > World Championships Records Progression. Track and Field Brinkster. Retrieved on 2015-07-07.

Bibliography