.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}@media all and (max-width:500px){.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{width:auto!important;clear:none!important;float:none!important))You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Spanish. (July 2023) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Spanish article. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Spanish Wikipedia article at [[:es:Marcelo Ebrard]]; see its history for attribution. You may also add the template ((Translated|es|Marcelo Ebrard)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.

Marcelo Ebrard
Ebrard in 2022
Secretary of Economy
Designate
Assuming office
1 October 2024
PresidentClaudia Sheinbaum (elect)
SucceedingRaquel Buenrostro Sánchez
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
In office
1 December 2018 – 12 June 2023[1]
PresidentAndrés Manuel López Obrador
Preceded byLuis Videgaray Caso
Succeeded byAlicia Bárcena Ibarra
5th Head of Government of Mexico City
In office
5 December 2006 – 4 December 2012
Preceded byAlejandro Encinas Rodríguez
Succeeded byMiguel Ángel Mancera
Secretary of Social Development of the Federal District
In office
8 February 2005 – 7 September 2005
MayorAndrés Manuel López Obrador
Preceded byRaquel Sosa Elízaga
Succeeded byMartha Pérez Bajarano
Secretary of Public Security of the Federal District
In office
15 February 2002 – 7 November 2004
MayorAndrés Manuel López Obrador
Preceded byJoel Ortega Cuevas
Succeeded byLeonel Godoy Rangel
Secretary General of the Democratic Center Party
In office
30 June 1999 – 15 September 2000
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Member of the Congress of the Union
for the 4th Circumscription
In office
1 September 1997 – 31 August 2000
Personal details
Born
Marcelo Luis Ebrard

(1959-10-10) 10 October 1959 (age 64)
Mexico City, Mexico
Political partyNational Regeneration Movement (2018–present)
Democratic Revolution Party (2000–2018)
Democratic Center Party (1999–2000)
Institutional Revolutionary Party (1977–1995)
Spouses
Francesca Ramos Morgan
(m. 1999; div. 2005)
Mariagna Pratts
(m. 2006; div. 2011)
(m. 2011)
ChildrenAnne Dominique Ebrard
Francesca Ebrard
Marcelo Ebrard, Jr.
Ivanna Ebrard
Julián Ebrard
Parent(s)Marcelo Ebrard, Sr.
Marcela Casaubón
EducationEl Colegio de México (BA)
École nationale d'administration
Signature

Marcelo Luis Ebrard Casaubón (Spanish pronunciation: [maɾˈselo eˈβɾaɾð]; born 10 October 1959) is a Mexican politician who served as Secretary of Foreign Affairs under President Andrés Manuel López Obrador from 2018 to 2023. He served as Head of Government of the Federal District (Mexico City) from 2006 to 2012.

Ebrard won the 2006 Federal District election as a Democratic Revolution Party (PRD)-led electoral alliance. As mayor, Ebrard presided over the creation of the Ecobici mobility system, the Prepa Sí program that grants scholarships to low-income students, and revival projects in the city's historic center.[2] While in office, he served as secretary-general of the former Federal District Department, minister of public security, and minister of social development of the Mexican capital.[citation needed] In 2010, Ebrard was nominated as the "world's best mayor" by the Project World Mayor.[3][dead link] After leaving office, he served as president of the United Nations Global Network on Safer Cities.[4] From 2009 to 2012, he was the chair of the World Mayors Council on Climate Change.[5]

During his mayoralty, Ebrard was seen as a likely future presidential candidate. In 2012, Ebrard ran for the PRD's nomination for President, ultimately losing to López Obrador.[6][7] In June 2023, Ebrard resigned from his position as Secretary of Foreign Affairs to run for president in the 2024 election, but lost Morena's nomination to Claudia Sheinbaum.[8] On 20 June 2024, president-elect Sheinbaum announced that Ebrard would serve as Secretary of the Economy in her cabinet beginning 1 October 2024.[9]

Personal life and education

A descendant of the French emigrant wave from Barcelonette in 1915, Ebrard is the son of architect Marcelo Ebrard Maure and Marcela Casaubón. He received a bachelor's degree in international relations from El Colegio de México. He specialized in public administration and planning at France's École nationale d'administration.

Early political career

Ebrard became a member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) in 1978. After volunteering in the presidential campaigns of 1976 and 1982, serving as an advisor to the general secretary in 1988, and being elected to the Chamber of Deputies.

Democratic Center Party of Mexico and AMLO

he left the PRI with Manuel Camacho Solís in 1995 to found the now-defunct Party of the Democratic Center (PCD). A centrist party that sought to expose nationalism and democracy as its principles. The party participated in the 2000 elections with Camacho as a candidate for the presidency and Ebrard as a candidate for the government of the Federal District. Ebrard, who achieved some acceptance as a candidate, declined in March 2000 in favor of Andrés Manuel López Obrador, candidate of the PRD and the so-called Alliance for Mexico City (PRD/PT/Convergencia/PSN/PAS) to Mexico City.

AMLO's Government in Mexico CIty

In 2000 he briefly campaigned for the 2000 Head of Government election for the PCD before stepping down in March 2000 and throwing his support behind Andrés Manuel López Obrador as the candidate of the multi-party Alliance for Mexico City. Following the election, he joined López Obrador's cabinet as secretary of public security in 2002 after the resignation of Leonel Godoy as head of this agency. During this period, crime and delinquency fell by 9.2%, reaching the lowest daily average in a decade. He launched the creation of new police groups, such as the Citizen Protection Program and the Cardholder Crime Protection Unit.

He became a member of the Party of the Democratic Revolution on 12 September 2004.

2004–2006

Ebrard, the city's chief of police, and Federal Secretary of Public Safety, Ramón Huerta, were accused of not organizing a timely rescue effort when three undercover federal police officers were lynched by a mob in one of the capital's most impoverished suburbs in Tláhuac on 23 November 2004. After a thorough investigation, López Obrador gave Ebrard a vote of confidence, despite a request from President Fox that López Obrador relieve him of his duties.

Later, with constitutional power, Fox fired Ebrard which he described the dismissal as politically motivated from Vicente Fox.[10] Other critics also viewed the firing as a politically motivated move to derail Ebrard's political future.[11][12][13] Huerta was also implicated in the incident, yet Fox gave Huerta his full support, and did not remove him from office. For this incident, Ebrard was put under investigation, as were the federal authorities who also failed to act. He was later reinstated as Secretary of Social Development by López Obrador.

On 8 July 2006, the French newspaper Le Monde ran an article indicating that Ebrard was an emerging leader of the Mexican Left. Manuel Camacho Solís, of whom Ebrard was a political protégé, has a reputation for running articles in foreign newspapers to indicate his political intentions.[citation needed] Many saw this as an attempt to dismiss López Obrador and now rely on Ebrard to win the presidency in the 2012 presidential elections.[14] On 7 December 2010, he was awarded the World Mayor prize in recognition of his environmental and civil-rights initiatives within the Federal District.[15]

Head of Government of the Federal District (2006–2012)

Marcelo Ebrard at a daily conference held at Federal District City Hall.

Ebrard ran as the PRD's candidate for Head of Government in the Federal District election held on 2 July 2006, winning 47% of the votes.

He continued and expanded programs that López Obrador had initiated. A new initiative was the Prepa Sí program, granting low-income students scholarships.[16] This reduced the school-dropout rate in the city to 6% and raised the grade point average from 7.2 to 8.2.[citation needed]

He expanded pensions for the elderly so that it was a right of every inhabitant of Mexico City who had reached 68 years of age, sending an initiative to the Legislative Assembly of the Federal District to elevate it to the status of law.[citation needed]

Among his actions having the greatest impact according to public opinion was the expropriation of properties and buildings that functioned as operational centers of crime. This included a property in the Tepito neighborhood, supposedly a drug-trafficking center; a large area of the Iztapalapa delegation, involved in the sale of stolen car parts, and two more drug sales properties in Santa María la Ribera. Although some in the business sector criticized these actions as an attack on private property — actions that received the support of the federal government — the initiative to seize ownership of these properties, as well as the introduction of video surveillance cameras, together with social development, helped reduce the crime index by 11% in Mexico City compared to 2006. He also created a special intelligence unit to fight against money laundering.[citation needed]

Ebrard made significant changes to the Historic Center, returning it to the citizens of Mexico City and its visitors by relocating the street vendors beginning in mid-2007. The press classified his action as one of his government's successes since informal traders had significantly increased their numbers in recent years. Some people criticized the decision of one of its dependencies to demolish historic buildings in the city center to enable the relocation of street vendors. However, it was supported by the National Institute of Anthropology and History. He also rehabilitated the Monument to the Revolution and the Alameda.[citation needed]

In the area of health, he built hospitals in Tláhuac, Iztapalapa, and Tlalpan and promoted the development of medical specialties that did not exist in Mexico City's public health system.[citation needed]

During his mandate, he was recognized for his actions in the fight against climate change, the construction of mobility infrastructure, the transformation of public transport with the EcoBici (bike sharing) system; the expansion by 350% of the Metrobús system and the construction of Metro Line 12.

In 2009 he was named president of the World Mayors Council on Climate Change, and in 2010 he received the World Mayor award from the City Mayors Foundation.

Ebrard has stated that one of his goals is reviving the Nahuatl language. His plan calls for city workers to learn the language as an initial effort at reviving the language.[17]

Marcelo Ebrard was the first head of government of the Federal District to complete his six-year term, which began on 5 December 2006 and ended on 5 December 2012.

He left office with a 63% approval rating.[18]

Post-Head of Government tenure (20

2012 presidential election

U.S. Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo participates in a bilateral meeting with Mexican Foreign Secretary-designate Marcelo Ebrard in Mexico City on 19 October 2018.

On 30 March 2010, Ebrard publicly announced his intention to contest his party's candidacy for the presidency in 2012. As a pre-campaign platform, he founded his Progressive Vanguard movement. On 11 June 2011, Jesús Ortega's Nueva Izquierda faction within the PRD named him the party's presidential candidate. In contrast, the National Democratic Left faction, led by Dolores Padierna Luna, ruled in favor of Andrés Manuel López Obrador. On 15 November 2011, it was announced that the method to select a candidate for the presidency in 2012 would be a series of polls, which made López Obrador the winner. Ebrard refused to compete for the candidacy in 2012. As a formal presidential candidate, López Obrador proposed that Ebrard would be made Secretary of the Interior if he won the presidential elections but he lost.[19]

President of Global Network of Safer Cities

In September 2012, Ebrard was elected to serve as president of the United Nations Global Network on Safer Cities[20][21] which is part of the Urban Initiatives through the United Nations.[22][23] He resigned his position on 3 February 2014, in order to contend for the Presidency of the PRD.[24][25]

López Obrador and Sheinbaum Cabinets

Secretary of Foreign Affairs

Marcelo Ebrard meets with U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken in Washington, D.C., on 3 May 2022

Ebrard was part of López Obrador's 2018 campaign team, responsible for outreach in Mexico's northwestern states.[26] After López Obrador won the election on 1 July 2018, he was announced as the Secretary of Foreign Affairs a couple of days later, replacing Héctor Vasconcelos, who instead became a Senator.[27][28]

During the resignation of former-Bolivian President Evo Morales and his government in November 2019, Ebrard viewed the situation as a coup and offered political asylum to Morales.[29][30]

As Secretary of Foreign Afairs, Ebrard publicly condemned the Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. Citing Mexico's history as a country that experienced foreign invasion, Ebrard stated "we have to strongly reject and condemn the invasion of a country like Ukraine by a power like Russia".[31]

In 2023, Ebrard presided over the issuing of Mexico's first-ever non-binary passport on the International Day Against Homophobia, Biphobia and Transphobia.[32]

2024 presidential election

In June 2023, Ebrard resigned as foreign secretary to seek the presidential nomination of the MORENA party for the 2024 general election.[33] However, before the party decided its candidate, Ebrard threatened to resign from Morena. Later on, Ebrard lost the party's nomination to Claudia Sheinbaum in September 2023.[34][35]

Ebrard lodged a complaint against Sheinbaum's nomination victory in September 2023, claiming irregularities in the nomination process.[8] In 2023, he received speculation that he would leave Morena to join the Citizens' Movement, a liberal party.[36][37]

In March 2024, months ahead of the election, it was reported that Ebrard supported Sheinbaum's candidacy in the general election.[38] Ebrard subsequently contended for a seat in the Senate in the same election.[39]

Secretary of the Economy

On 20 June 2024, president-elect Sheinbaum announced Ebrard's appointment to serve as Secretary of the Economy in her cabinet as of 1 October 2024.[9] Considered a moderate member of MORENA, his appointment as Secretary of the Economy led the peso to rise as high as 0.9% against the United States dollar.[40]

Political views

Ebrard was characterized as "centrist" by Reuters, who described his political orientation as "socially progressive and eager to put Mexico on the world stage".[41] Ebrard has been described as an economic moderate.[34]

The Associated Press reported that, "while some peg Ebrard as a centrist", Ebard has touted the legalization of same-sex marriage and abortion while leading Mexico City as evidence of his progressive bonafides.[7]

Personal life

He was married to Francesca Ramos Morgan and had two daughters and one son: Francesca, Anne Dominique, and Marcelo Ebrard Ramos.[citation needed] He later divorced and married Mexican soap-opera actress Mariagna Pratts. In April 2011, Marcelo Ebrard announced his divorce from Pratts through an official press release.[42]

On 7 October 2011, Ebrard married for the third time to Rosalinda Bueso, the former Honduran ambassador to Mexico.[43]

References

  1. ^ "Mexico's top diplomat resigns to enter primary race for 2024 presidential election". Associated Press. 12 June 2023.
  2. ^ Yañez, Brenda (11 September 2023). "¿Quién es Marcelo Ebrard, el exsecretario que busca ser candidato presidencial?". ADNPolítico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2024. Además, implementó el sistema de movilidad urbana Ecobici, puso en marcha el programa Prepa Sí, que consistía en el otorgamiento de becas para estudiantes de escasos recursos, rehabilitó el Monumento a la Revolución y la Alameda, e intervino el Centro Histórico capitalino.
  3. ^ "La historia de amor de Marcelo Ebrard y Mariagna Prats". CNN Mexico. 6 April 2011.
  4. ^ "Ebrard announced president of the Global Network of Safer Cities". UCLG - United Cities and Local Governments. Retrieved 24 June 2024.
  5. ^ "Mayor Park of Seoul takes the helm of WMCCC from Mayor Ebrard of Mexico City". World Mayors Council on Climate Change. Retrieved 31 December 2012.
  6. ^ Goldman, Francisco (6 November 2016). "How a One-Time Political Star in Mexico Ended Up Campaigning for Clinton". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved 24 June 2024. Toward the end of his term, Ebrard, who is now in his late fifties, was widely regarded as Mexico's President-in-waiting for the 2018 elections, and for many people that was one reason to feel a little optimistic about the future of the beleaguered country.
  7. ^ a b Sherman, Christopher; Castillo, E. Eduardo (16 April 2023). "He's been Mexico's voice abroad. Now he wants the presidency". AP News. Retrieved 24 June 2024.
  8. ^ a b "Mexico's Ebrard lodges complaint over MORENA process, eyes new movement". Reuters. 11 September 2023. Retrieved 24 June 2024.
  9. ^ a b Alma E. Muñoz; Georgina Saldierna (20 June 2024). "Anuncia Sheinbaum a seis integrantes de su gabinete". La Jornada (in Spanish). Retrieved 20 June 2024.
  10. ^ "La Jornada". www.jornada.com.mx. Retrieved 9 November 2023.
  11. ^ "Focus Human Rights in Mexico" (PDF). centroprodh.org.mx. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 May 2008. Retrieved 15 June 2008.
  12. ^ "Weekly News Update on the Americas Issue 774, November 28, 2004". tulane.edu. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 15 June 2008.
  13. ^ Camp, Roderic Ai (16 February 2012). The Oxford Handbook of Mexican Politics. OUP USA. ISBN 978-0-19-537738-5.
  14. ^ CORRESPONDANTE, Joëlle Stolz-MEXICO (8 July 2006). "Marcelo Ebrard est élu à la mairie de Mexico et prend la tête des manifestations de la gauche". Le Monde.fr – via Le Monde.
  15. ^ vom Hove, Tamm (7 December 2010). "Marcelo Ebrard, Mayor of Mexico City awarded the 2010 World Mayor Prize". worldmayor.com. World Mayor Project. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  16. ^ Yañez, Brenda (11 September 2023). "¿Quién es Marcelo Ebrard, el exsecretario que busca ser candidato presidencial?". ADNPolítico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2024.
  17. ^ "Marcelo Ebrard quiere revivir lengua azteca". elperiodicodemexico.Com. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  18. ^ "Sheinbaum se va de la CDMX con 54% de aprobación, según Encuesta EF". El Financiero (in Spanish). 15 June 2023.
  19. ^ "Propuesta de gabinete de Andrés Manuel López Obrador". lopezobrador.org. Archived from the original on 31 January 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  20. ^ "Marcelo Ebrard, Mexico City Mayor, is elected President of the Global Network on Safer Cities". metropolis.org. Archived from the original on 6 October 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  21. ^ "Ebrard announced president of the Global Network of Safer Cities". The Global Network of Cities, Local and Regional Governments.
  22. ^ "Global Network on Safer Cities". Urban Initiatives. UN HABITAT. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  23. ^ "Press Conference to Present Outcome Statement of Global Network on Safer Cities". News and Media Division. United Nations Department of Public Information. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  24. ^ "Ebrard renuncia a cargo en la ONU". El Economista. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  25. ^ "Confirma Ebrard que deja la ONU para contender por presidencia del PRD". Excelsior. 3 February 2014. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  26. ^ "Ebrard y Monreal operarán estados que no favorecen a AMLO". Politico MX. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  27. ^ "Mexico's president-elect Lopez Obrador picks Marcelo Ebrard as foreign minister". Reuters. 5 July 2018. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  28. ^ "Marcelo Ebrard a la Cancillería; Héctor Vasconcelos va al Senado: AMLO". Aristegui Noticias. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  29. ^ "Mexico says Bolivia suffered coup due to military pressure on Morales". Reuters. Reuters. 11 November 2019.
  30. ^ "Mexico grants asylum to Bolivia's Evo Morales, demands safe conduct". Reuters. Reuters. 11 November 2019.
  31. ^ "México condena enérgicamente la invasión rusa a Ucrania: Marcelo Ebrard". El Economista (in Spanish). 25 February 2022. Retrieved 24 June 2024.
  32. ^ Wong, Hollie (23 May 2023). "Mexico issues its first non-binary passport". GAY TIMES. Retrieved 24 June 2024.
  33. ^ "Elecciones 2024: Marcelo Ebrard se registra como 'aspirante' a candidatura de Morena". El Financiero (in Spanish). 14 June 2023. Retrieved 3 September 2023.
  34. ^ a b Pulice, Carolina (11 September 2023). "Mexico's Ebrard lodges complaint over MORENA process, eyes new movement". Reuters. Retrieved 24 June 2024.
  35. ^ "Former Mexico City Mayor Claudia Sheinbaum to be the ruling party's presidential candidate". ABC News. 6 September 2023. Retrieved 7 September 2023.
  36. ^ Camhaji, Elías (20 August 2023). "Marcelo Ebrard: "Hay gente que cree que lo más cómodo sería que yo me fuera a Movimiento Ciudadano"". El País México (in Mexican Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2024.
  37. ^ "¿Ebrard todavía sería candidato?: Estas son sus condiciones para Movimiento Ciudadano". El Financiero (in Spanish). 31 October 2023. Retrieved 24 June 2024.
  38. ^ Baena, Por Mayte (12 March 2024). "Marcelo Ebrard considera que Claudia Sheinbaum tiene el mejor perfil para gobernar, según Manuel Velasco". infobae (in European Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2024.
  39. ^ https://candidaturas.ine.mx/detalleCandidato/1966/3
  40. ^ Averbuch, Maya; O'Boyle, Michael (20 June 2024). "Sheinbaum Picks Ebrard as Economy Chief, Sparking Peso Rally". Bloomberg. Retrieved 24 June 2024.
  41. ^ Graham, Dave (26 June 2023). "Mexico's Ebrard pursues presidential prize as unifier in polarized times". Reuters. Retrieved 24 June 2024.
  42. ^ "Ebrard y Mariagna anuncian fin de su matrimonio". El Universal. 5 April 2011.
  43. ^ "Ebrard se casa hoy con Rosalinda". El Universal. 7 October 2011.

Further reading

Political offices Preceded byJoel Ortega Cuevas Secretary of Public Security of the Federal District 2002–2004 Succeeded byLeonel Godoy Rangel Preceded byRaquel Sosa Elízaga Secretary of Social Development of the Federal District 2005 Succeeded byMartha Pérez Bajarano Preceded byAlejandro Encinas Rodríguez Head of Government of the Federal District 2006–2012 Succeeded byMiguel Ángel Mancera Preceded byLuis Videgaray Caso Secretary of Foreign Affairs 2018–2023 Succeeded byAlicia Bárcena Ibarra