|Maria Anna of Austria|
|Queen consort of Portugal|
|Tenure||27 October 1708 – 31 July 1750|
|Born||7 September 1683|
Linz, Austria, Holy Roman Empire
|Died||14 August 1754 (aged 70)|
Palace of Belém, Lisbon, Portugal
|Spouse||John V of Portugal|
|Issue||Barbara, Queen of Spain |
Pedro, Prince of Brazil
Joseph, King of Portugal
Carlos of Portugal
Peter III, King of Portugal
Alexandre of Portugal
|Father||Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor|
|Mother||Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg|
Maria Anna of Austria (Maria Anna Josepha Antonia Regina; 7 September 1683 – 14 August 1754) was Queen of Portugal by her marriage to King John V of Portugal. She served as the regent of Portugal from 1742 until 1750 during the illness of her husband.
Born Maria Anna Josepha Antonia Regina, she was the eleventh child and seventh daughter of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (1640–1705) by his third wife, Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg (1655–1720). Two of her brothers, Joseph and Charles later became emperors. Through Charles, she was an aunt of Maria Theresa, the only woman to ever rule the Habsburg dominions in her own right.
On 27 October 1708, Maria Anna married John V, King of Portugal (1689–1750) to seal the alliance between the two countries against France and Spain during the War of Spanish Succession. Maria Anna reformed the court and its customs to follow the traditions and customs of the traditional Queens of Portugal. Her greatest influence on the court and Portuguese nobility as a whole was the increase of segregation between men and women, as well as between servants and masters. Like John, Maria Anna had an exuberant taste, best shown in her famous parties: she would invite the nobility from all over the country and hold a magnificent festival, often lasting several days.
In 1742 Maria Anna became regent after her husband had suffered a stroke and became partially paralyzed. When John V died on 31 July 1750, their eldest son Joseph I of Portugal inherited the throne.
She died in the Palace of Belém on 14 August1754. After her death, she was buried in Lisbon, but her heart was brought to Vienna and buried there in the imperial crypt.
Maria Anna had six children with her husband, John V, King of Portugal, four of whom survived infancy.
|Ancestors of Maria Anna of Austria|