|Geography of Hong Kong|
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The Marine Parks Ordinance protects and conserves the marine environment and a rich collection of aquatic animals and plants, such as corals, sea grasses and dolphins. The ordinance also provides the legal framework for the designation, control and management of marine parks and marine reserves. The Marine Parks and Marine Reserve Regulation provides for the prohibition and control of certain activities in marine parks and marine reserve.
|1||Hoi Ha Wan||July 1996||260||New Territories|
|2||Yan Chau Tong Marine Park||July 1996||680||New Territories|
|3||Sha Chau and Lung Kwu Chau Marine Park||November 1996||1200||New Territories|
|4||Tung Ping Chau Marine Park||November 2001||270||New Territories|
|5||The Brothers Marine Park||December 2016||970||Lantau|
|6||Cape D'Aguilar Marine Reserve||July 1996||20||Hong Kong Island|
These areas covers a total area of 34 km². They comprise scenic coastal areas, seascapes and important marine habitats. Marine parks and reserve are managed for conservation, education, recreation and scientific studies. In marine parks, visitors are encouraged to appreciate the beauty and diversity of marine life. Diving, snorkeling, swimming, canoeing, sailing, underwater photography and school visits are popular activities in marine parks.
In marine parks, a multiple use approach is adopted. Activities compatible with the objectives of marine parks and non-destructive to the marine environment are allowed. Activities destructive to marine environment and coastal features such as trawling, unauthorised fishing, hunting or collecting of marine life are prohibited. On-site information boards, mooring buoys and markers are installed. Educational activities such as guided tours, beach clean-ups, seabed clean-ups and public lectures are regularly organised. In marine reserve, recreational activities are prohibited and the area is protected for nature conservation and scientific studies. AFCD is exploring the possibility for further extension of marine parks to place more important marine habitats under protection.
The major concerns in relation to Hong Kong's marine parks, as announced by various green groups include:
Green groups point towards the following factors as needing attention.