|Member of the Senate of the Republic|
15 March 2013 – 23 March 2018
23 April 1992 – 14 April 1994
|Born||24 July 1931|
|Died||7 August 2023 (aged 92)|
|Political party||PCI (till 1991)|
Mario Tronti (24 July 1931 – 7 August 2023) was an Italian philosopher and politician, considered[by whom?] one of the founders of the theory of operaismo in the 1960s.
An active member of the Italian Communist Party (PCI) during the 1950s, he was, with Raniero Panzieri, amongst the founders of the Quaderni Rossi (Red Notebooks) review from which he split in 1963 to found the Classe Operaia (Working Class) review. This evolving journey progressively distanced him from the PCI, without him ever formally leaving, and engaged him in the radical experiences of operaismo. Such experience, considered by many to be the matrix of Italian Autonomist Marxism in the 1960s, was characterised by challenging the roles of the traditional organisations of the workers' movement (the unions and the parties) and the direct engagement, without intermediaries, with the working class itself and to the struggles in the factories.
Influenced philosophically by the work of Galvano Della Volpe, which led him to distance himself from the thinking of Antonio Gramsci, or at least the official version promulgated by the PCI, Tronti dedicated himself to the formulation of a politics, basing theory on practice, which could renew traditional Marxism and contribute to re-opening the revolutionary road in the West.
Faced with mass revolt by Western workers in the 1960s, Tronti's operaismo was able to propose a modern analysis of class relations and above all refocus attention of the subjective factor, claiming the central political role of the working class. His ideas found an echo in 1966, with the publication of Operai e capitale (Workers and Capital), a book that would exercise a notable influence on the protests of the youth and, more generally, on the wave of mobilization that was initiated in the following years.
Mario Tronti died on 7 August 2023, at the age of 92.