Marka
Languages
Marka language
Religion
Islam
Related ethnic groups
Bambara people and Soninke people
Wood pigment mid-20th-century face mask of the Marka people in Burkina Faso in the collection of the Cincinnati Art Museum
Wood pigment mid-20th-century face mask of the Marka people in Burkina Faso in the collection of the Cincinnati Art Museum

The Marka (also Marka Dafing, Meka, or Maraka) people are a Mande people of northwest Mali. They speak the Marka language, a Manding language.

History

Muslim merchant communities at the time of the Bambara Empire, the Maraka largely controlled the desert-side trade between the sahel communities and nomadic berber tribes who crossed the Sahara. The Bambara integrated Maraka communities into their state structure, and Maraka trading posts and plantations multiplied in the Segu based state and its Kaarta vassals in the 18th and early 19th centuries. When the pagan Bambara empire was defeated by the Maraka's fellow Muslim Umar Tall in the 1850s, the Maraka's unique trade and landholdings concessions suffered damage from which they never recovered.

Today

Today there are only around 25,000 Marka speakers, and they are largely integrated amongst their Soninke and Bambara neighbors.

Culture

The Marka people are adherents of Islam.[1]

References

  1. ^ Levtzion, Nehemia; Pouwels, Randall (2000). The History of Islam in Africa. Ohio University Press. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-8214-4461-0.