Marsimik La
Marsimik La is located in Ladakh
Marsimik La
Location of Marsimik La in Ladakh
Marsimik La is located in India
Marsimik La
Marsimik La (India)
Elevation5,582 m (18,314 ft)[1]
LocationLadakh, India
RangeHimalaya
Coordinates34°05′36″N 78°37′04″E / 34.09333°N 78.61778°E / 34.09333; 78.61778

Marsimik La or Marsemik La,[2] also called Lankar La,[2] elevation 5,582 metres (18,314 ft) is a high mountain pass in the Chang Chenmo Range in the Indian union territory of Ladakh, 96 km (60 mi) east of Leh as the crow flies. Ladakh's route to the Chang Chenmo Valley traverses the pass.

Geography

Trade routes of Ladakh (1878)

Marsimik La is located about 20 km (10 mi) northeast of Lukung at the tip of Pangong Lake, and 15 km (9 mi) southwest of Pamzal in the Chang Chenmo Valley. The ridge line of Marsimik La divides the basin of the Pangong Lake from the Chang Chenmo River.

About 4 km to the east of Marsimik La is another ridge line with the pass Kiu La (also called Kangseng La). Via this pass lies the Ladakhi route to the valley of Chang Parma (also called Changlung Lungpa), leading to the Khurnak Plain in the middle of the Pangong Lake.

The description of Marsimik La in the Gazetteer of Kashmir and Ladak (1890) states:

This pass, though very high, is by no means difficult in summer. It is free from glaciers, and generally clear of snow during the summer and early autumn.[2]

Sino-Indian border

The pass is on the shortest route from Lukung to Kongka Pass area some 45 km (28 mi) away, where the China-India Line of Actual Control runs. Within the vicinity of Marsimik La, the line runs at a distance of 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) to the east on a sharp ridgeline.

Transportation

The "Phobrang-Marsimik La-Tsogtsalu-Hot Springs Road" (PMTHR) or "Marsimik La Road" via Phobrang-Marsimik La-Tsogstsalu to Hot Springs,[3] [4] This Marsimik La Road via Lukung to Pamzal, constructed by India's Border Roads Organisation, traverses the pass. It is regarded as one of the highest motorable passes in the world.[5] The other alternate route to Tsogtsalu is the 55 km long "Changchenmo-Tsogtsalu Road" (CTR) from confluence of Changchenmo & Shyok River to Tsogtsalu.[6]

References

  1. ^ "Google Maps Terrain for Marsimik showing elevation of circa 5590m La". Google Maps. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  2. ^ a b c Gazetteer of Kashmir and Ladak (1890), p. 591.
  3. ^ India boosts road links to LAC standoff points, Indian Express, 2nd July 2023.
  4. ^ Forbidden zones in Ladakh to soon welcome tourists, Times of India, 26 May 2023.
  5. ^ "Amid Doklam standoff, MHA asks BRO to build stand-alone road for access to vantage points". The Indian Express. 23 August 2017.
  6. ^ [https://m.economictimes.com/epaper/delhicapital/2023/aug/03/et-poli/over-20-strategic-roads-close-to-lac-have-year-end-deadline/articleshow/102366166.cms Over 20 strategic roads close to LAC have the ear and deadline], The Economic Times, 3 Aug 2023.

Bibliography