Martin, Tennessee
Businesses along Lindell Street
Businesses along Lindell Street
Location of Martin in Weakley County, Tennessee.
Location of Martin in Weakley County, Tennessee.
Coordinates: 36°20′31″N 88°51′6″W / 36.34194°N 88.85167°W / 36.34194; -88.85167Coordinates: 36°20′31″N 88°51′6″W / 36.34194°N 88.85167°W / 36.34194; -88.85167
CountryUnited States
StateTennessee
CountyWeakley
Area
 • Total12.45 sq mi (32.24 km2)
 • Land12.40 sq mi (32.13 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.11 km2)
Elevation407 ft (124 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total11,473
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
10,484
 • Density845.14/sq mi (326.31/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
38237-38238
Area code(s)731
FIPS code47-46240[4]
GNIS feature ID1292789[2]
Websitehttp://www.cityofmartin.net/

Martin is a city in Weakley County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 11,473 according to the 2010 census. The city is the home of the University of Tennessee at Martin.

History

Martin is named for Captain William Martin.[5] William Martin was born in Halifax County, Virginia in 1806, and moved to Weakley County, Tennessee with his wife Sarah in 1832.[5] Captain Martin prospered through tobacco farming and began working to establish a railroad connection in what would later become Martin in 1852.[5] It was not until after his death in 1859 that his sons, led primarily by George W. Martin, persuaded the Mississippi Central Railroad to locate a connection with the Nashville and Northwestern Railroad in what would become Martin, Tennessee in 1872.[5]

Geography

Martin is located at 36°20′31″N 88°51′6″W / 36.34194°N 88.85167°W / 36.34194; -88.85167 (36.341836, -88.851647).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.4 square miles (32 km2), of which 12.4 square miles (32 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.32%) is water.

Major roads and highways

Climate

Climate data for Martin, Tennessee (University of Tennessee at Martin) 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1936–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 77
(25)
81
(27)
86
(30)
90
(32)
98
(37)
107
(42)
105
(41)
106
(41)
105
(41)
96
(36)
87
(31)
78
(26)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 45.9
(7.7)
50.8
(10.4)
59.5
(15.3)
70.2
(21.2)
78.8
(26.0)
86.5
(30.3)
89.8
(32.1)
89.5
(31.9)
83.4
(28.6)
72.4
(22.4)
59.6
(15.3)
49.3
(9.6)
69.6
(20.9)
Daily mean °F (°C) 36.2
(2.3)
40.5
(4.7)
48.7
(9.3)
58.7
(14.8)
68.3
(20.2)
76.3
(24.6)
79.7
(26.5)
78.4
(25.8)
71.5
(21.9)
59.7
(15.4)
48.5
(9.2)
39.8
(4.3)
58.9
(14.9)
Average low °F (°C) 26.5
(−3.1)
30.3
(−0.9)
37.8
(3.2)
47.3
(8.5)
57.8
(14.3)
66.2
(19.0)
69.7
(20.9)
67.4
(19.7)
59.6
(15.3)
47.1
(8.4)
37.4
(3.0)
30.2
(−1.0)
48.1
(8.9)
Record low °F (°C) −18
(−28)
−14
(−26)
−2
(−19)
20
(−7)
31
(−1)
44
(7)
48
(9)
44
(7)
33
(1)
17
(−8)
0
(−18)
−13
(−25)
−18
(−28)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.18
(106)
4.74
(120)
5.32
(135)
5.29
(134)
5.66
(144)
4.30
(109)
4.24
(108)
3.45
(88)
3.77
(96)
3.98
(101)
4.48
(114)
5.31
(135)
54.72
(1,390)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.2
(3.0)
1.4
(3.6)
0.4
(1.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.0
(0.0)
3.1
(7.9)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.6 9.7 11.6 10.9 11.9 9.6 8.2 7.7 7.6 8.2 9.4 11.5 116.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.9 0.9 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3 2.3
Source: NOAA[7][8]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19001,730
19102,22828.8%
19202,83727.3%
19303,30016.3%
19403,5878.7%
19504,08213.8%
19604,75016.4%
19707,78163.8%
19808,89814.4%
19908,600−3.3%
200010,51522.3%
201011,4739.1%
2019 (est.)10,484[3]−8.6%
Sources:[9][10]

2020 census

Martin racial composition[11]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 7,892 72.91%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,910 17.64%
Native American 14 0.13%
Asian 131 1.21%
Other/Mixed 549 5.08%
Hispanic or Latino 329 3.04%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 10,825 people, 3,958 households, and 2,049 families residing in the city.

2000 census

At the 2000 census there were 10,515 people, 3,773 households, and 2,029 families living in the city. The population density was 848.9 people per square mile (327.7/km2). There were 4,106 housing units at an average density of 331.5 per square mile (128.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 66.32% White, 25.62% African American, 0.08% Native American, 4.13% Asian, 0.97% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.82%.[4]

Of the 3,773 households 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.2% were non-families. 34.1% of households were one person and 11.5% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.87.

The age distribution was 16.7% under the age of 18, 32.6% from 18 to 24, 21.4% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% 65 or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males.

The median household income was $26,493 and the median family income was $38,648. Males had a median income of $29,836 versus $22,219 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,184. About 15.8% of families and 27.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.7% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over.

ZIP codes

The ZIP codes used in the Martin area are: 38237 and 38238, with the latter reserved for the University of Tennessee at Martin.


Media

Newspapers

Radio

Points of interest

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Martin, Tennessee
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b c d "William Martin". www.utm.edu. Retrieved 2016-07-04.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 25, 2021.
  8. ^ "Station: Martin U of T Branch E, TN". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 25, 2021.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
  10. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-08.