The Viscountess Beaconsfield
Mary anne disraeli.JPG
Born
Mary Anne Evans

(1792-11-11)11 November 1792
Died15 December 1872(1872-12-15) (aged 80)
SpouseBenjamin Disraeli

Mary Anne Disraeli, 1st Viscountess Beaconsfield (née Evans; 11 November 1792 – 15 December 1872) was a British peeress and society figure who was the wife of the British statesman Benjamin Disraeli.

Biography

Hughenden, home to the Disraelis
Hughenden, home to the Disraelis

Born in Brampford Speke, near Exeter in Devon, the only daughter of Commander John Viney-Evans and his cousin Eleanor Scrope-Viney (later Mrs Eleanor Yate). In 1815 at Clifton, Bristol, Mary married Wyndham Lewis, MP (1780–1838), a colleague of Benjamin Disraeli. In August 1839, the year following Lewis's death, she married Disraeli at St George's, Hanover Square, in London. Her fortune allowed him to purchase the estate of Hughenden in Buckinghamshire and to live in the style of an English gentleman.[1]

In recognition of Disraeli's services to the nation, Queen Victoria desired to ennoble him at the end of his first ministry. However, as he wished to remain in the House of Commons, his wife accepted the title in his place and was created Viscountess Beaconsfield, of Beaconsfield in the County of Buckingham, on 30 November 1868.[2] (After Mary's death, Disraeli accepted the title of Earl of Beaconsfield.)

Staid Victorians were often scandalised by Mary's uninhibited conversation but soon learned not to insult her within Disraeli's hearing.[3] Even Queen Victoria herself was said to be amused when Mary Anne commented, in response to a remark about some lady's pale complexion, "I wish you could see my Dizzy in his bath!" Once, at a house party where Lord Hardinge, a great soldier of the day, was in the room next to the Disraelis, Mary Anne announced at breakfast that she had slept the night before between the greatest soldier (Hardinge) and the greatest orator (Disraeli) of their times: Lady Hardinge was definitely not amused.[4]

The Disraeli family tomb, Hughenden
The Disraeli family tomb, Hughenden

Disraeli had been unimpressed by Mary Lewis when he first met her, but he came to understand that she was shrewder than her outward manner had led him to believe. She was a great help to him in editing the books he wrote, and spent 30 years taking care of him.[5] She once joked in public that although he had married her for her money he would do it again for love.[6] In later life she became increasingly eccentric, both in conversation and appearance, but her husband's devotion and loyalty to her never faltered.[7] She was some twelve years older than her husband but their romance continued until the day she died.[8]

In the spring of 1872, Mary became seriously ill, and by May it was clear that she was dying of stomach cancer. She rallied sufficiently to take a summer tour through the Home Counties with her husband. In November she felt well enough to hold a small dinner party for their close friends; but her condition deteriorated and she died on 15 December, at the age of eighty.[9]

"There was no care which she could not mitigate, and no difficulty which she could not face. She was the most cheerful and courageous woman I ever knew" her husband wrote after her death.[10] His great adversary William Gladstone, who had liked Mary, wrote him a letter of condolence. Disraeli, touched by this sympathy from a man who disliked him, replied that "Marriage is the greatest earthly happiness when founded on mutual sympathy."[11]

She is buried with Disraeli in a vault in the Church of St Michael and All Angels Church, Hughenden, in Hughenden, Buckinghamshire, close to the Disraeli family home, Hughenden Manor. The house is now in the care of the National Trust, and has been preserved in the state when it was occupied by the Disraelis. It is open to the public as a visitor attraction.[12]

Cultural depictions

In the four-part 1978 ATV miniseries Disraeli: Portrait of a Romantic, written by David Butler,[13] she is portrayed by Mary Peach, opposite Ian McShane as Disraeli.[14] The miniseries was presented in the U.S. on PBS's Masterpiece Theatre in 1980[15] and was nominated for the Emmy Award for Outstanding Limited Series.[16]

Arms

Coat of arms of Mary Anne Disraeli
Coronet of a British Viscount.svg
Beaconsfield Lozenge.png
Coronet
A Coronet of a Viscountess
Escutcheon
Argent a Slip of Vine fructed and leaved proper between two Flaunches Sable each charged with a Boar's Head of the field
Supporters
Dexter: an Eagle Or; Sinister: a Lion also Or, each gorged with a Collar Gules pendent therefrom an Escutcheon of the last charged with a Tower Argent
Motto
Forti Nihil Difficile (Nothing is Difficult for the Strong)

References

  1. ^ Dictionary of National Biography, Vol 5, p 1008
  2. ^ "No. 23446". The London Gazette. 1 December 1868. p. 6401.
  3. ^ Hesketh Pearson Dizzy- the life and personality of Benjamin Disraeli, Earl of Beaconsfield Harper Collins New York 1951 p.214
  4. ^ Hay, Daisy (9 January 2015). "A political romance: Benjamin and Mary Anne Disraeli". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  5. ^ Pearson p.75
  6. ^ Kirsch, Adam, Benjamin Disraeli (Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 2008), p.106
  7. ^ Pearson, p214
  8. ^ Pearson p.214
  9. ^ Pearson pp.214=216
  10. ^ Pearson p.75
  11. ^ Pearson p.216
  12. ^ "Hughenden Manor". National Trust. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
  13. ^ Burt, Daniel S. (2001). The Biography Book: A Reader's Guide to Nonfiction, Fictional, and Film Biographies of More Than 500 of the Most Fascinating Individuals of All Time. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 114.
  14. ^ Telotte, Leigh Ehlers (2020). Victoria, Queen of the Screen: From Silent Cinema to New Media. McFarland. pp. 106–109.
  15. ^ Williams, Christian (31 May 1980). "Prime Portrait". Washington Post. Retrieved 1 November 2022.
  16. ^ "Disraeli: Portrait of a Romantic". Emmys.com. Retrieved 1 November 2022.

Further reading