Mater Ecclesiae Monastery
Monastero Mater Ecclesiae
Mater Ecclesiae Monastery is located in Vatican City
Mater Ecclesiae Monastery
Location on a map of Vatican City
Monastery information
OrderPoor Clares et al.
Establishedc. 1990
Dedicated toMary, Mother of the Church
DioceseRome
People
Founder(s)Pope John Paul II
Important associated figuresPope Emeritus Benedict XVI
Architecture
Functional statusprivate residence
Groundbreaking1992
Completion date
  • 1994
  • renovated 2012-2013
Site
Coordinates41°54′14″N 12°27′04″E / 41.90389°N 12.45111°E / 41.90389; 12.45111

The Mater Ecclesiae Monastery (Latin for "Mother of the Church" dedicated to Mary) is a monastery in Vatican City. It was founded around 1990 by Pope John Paul II as a monastery for cloistered nuns who pray specifically for the health of the pope. Various cloistered orders are invited to take up residence for a time. From his resignation in 2013 until his death in 2022, it served instead as the residence of Pope Benedict XVI. In 2023, Pope Francis returned it to its monastic purpose with an invitation to Benedictine nuns of the Abbey of St. Scholastica in Victoria, Argentina.[1]

History

The gardens next to the monastery

The monastery, named after a Catholic title for Mary as "Mother of the Church" (Latin: Mater Ecclesiae), is located on the Vatican Hill inside the Vatican Gardens and near the Aquilone fountain. It was founded by Pope John Paul II in order to have a community of nuns of an enclosed religious order inside Vatican City, who were to pray for the pope in his service to the Catholic Church. This task was first entrusted to the Poor Clares with the understanding that a different order of nuns would be invited to occupy the Monastery every five years.[citation needed]

The building was erected between 1992 and 1994 in place of an administrative building of the Vatican police. Its structure is incorporated into the Leonine walls. The building is divided in two parts: The western chapel (two floors and rectangular in shape) and the eastern community rooms and monastic cells (rectangular in shape and, on the Aquilone fountain's side, with four floors, with 12 monastic cells on the second and third floors, and a refectory, store, kitchen, infirmary, archives and an office-studio on the ground and lower ground floors).[2] Adjacent to the monastery is a fruit and vegetable garden. Pope Benedict XVI visited the monastery several times and celebrated Mass for the nuns.[3]

After his retirement in February 2013, Benedict moved into the monastery on 2 May 2013. He lived there accompanied by a few assistants, with their domestic needs cared for by a small community of women belonging to a secular institute called Memores Domini, part of the Communion and Liberation movement.[4][5] He died there on 31 December 2022.[6]

Resident religious orders

The nuns who have occupied the monastery are:[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Pope returns Mater Ecclesiae Monastery to use by contemplative nuns". USCCB. Retrieved 14 November 2023.
  2. ^ Francesco Oggiano (11 February 2013). "Il Papa? Andrà nel monastero fatto costruire da Giovanni Paolo II" (in Italian). vanityfair.it. Retrieved 14 February 2013.
  3. ^ Nicola Gori (26 August 2009). "Monache per vocazione – E per il Papa anche contadine e sarte". L'Osservatore Romano (in Italian). Retrieved 14 February 2013.
  4. ^ de Souza, Raymond J. (3 January 2023). "Joseph Ratzinger's Revealing 'Family' Dynamic". National Catholic Register. Retrieved 6 January 2023.
  5. ^ "Morto il Papa emerito Benedetto XVI, i funerali il 5 gennaio" (in Italian). ANSA. 1 January 2023. Retrieved 2 January 2023.
  6. ^ "Former Pope Benedict XVI dies at 95". BBC News. 31 December 2022. Retrieved 31 December 2022.
  7. ^ "Dopo le dimissioni il Papa si ritirerà presso il monastero Mater Ecclesiae fondato nel '94 per volontà di Wojtyla". Il Messagero (in Italian). 11 February 2013. Archived from the original on 13 February 2013. Retrieved 10 January 2023.
  8. ^ "Announcement regarding the Mater Ecclesiae Monastery, 13.11.2023" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. 13 November 2023. Retrieved 13 November 2023.