Mathabhanga River (Bengali: মাথাভাঙ্গা নদী, romanizedMāthābhāṅgā Nadī) is a transboundary river in India and Bangladesh.[1][2]


Mathabhanga River near Shikarpur, in Nadia district

The Mathabhanga or Hauli, whose lower reach is called the Haulia, leaves the Padma about ten miles below the point where the Jalangi departs from it.[3]
It flows first in a southeasterly direction as far as Hatboalia village, where it bifurcates one branch, which is thereafter known as the Kumar or Pangasi, it then proceeds in the same direction, past Alamdanga, up to the boundary of the district which it forms for a few miles until it passes into Jessore, whilst the other branch pursues a very tortuous course. The general trend of which is to the south, until, after passing Chuadanga it reaches Krishnaganj (in India). There a second bifurcation takes place, the two resulting streams become the Churni and the Ichamati, and the name of the parent river is lost.[4] It borderline's between India and Bangladesh near Shikarpur, Karimpur.[5][6][7] The Mathabhanga is an important river in south western Bangladesh and plays an important role in carrying sweet water from the rainfall through Jalangi to the Sundarbans. The color of the river is green and clear.[8]


  1. ^ "Trans-boundary Rivers". Banglapedia. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  2. ^ The NEHU Journal. "Impact of In-Bed and On-Bank Soil Cutting by Brick Fields on Moribund Deltaic Rivers" (PDF). ISSN 0972-8406. Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  3. ^ Sadi, Anup (2018-06-25). "মাথাভাঙ্গা নদী বাংলাদেশ ও পশ্চিমবঙ্গের একটি আন্তঃসীমান্ত নদী". রোদ্দুরে. Retrieved 2023-12-01.
  4. ^ Network, N. F. N. (2018-07-05). "Water Test To Draw Centre's Attention On Mathabhanga, Churni Pollution". Retrieved 2023-12-01.
  5. ^ "Century-old Nadia school with major contribution in Bangladesh Freedom Movement". Get Bengal. Retrieved 2023-12-01.
  6. ^ "Another infiltration bid by Bangladesh foiled". The Times of India. 2003-02-16. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 2023-12-01.
  7. ^ Network, N. F. N. (2017-08-22). "নদিয়ার ভারতভুক্তি ১৭ আগস্ট ১৯৪৭". Retrieved 2023-12-01.
  8. ^ "Matters Under Rule". Retrieved 31 August 2013.

24°04′00″N 88°48′00″E / 24.0667°N 88.8000°E / 24.0667; 88.8000