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Matsumoto
松本市
Top:Matsumoto Castle, Middle:A heritage building of Kaichi School, A view of Kamikōchi, Mount Yake and Azusa creek, Bottom:Nawate suvenir shopping street, A street view of Asama Spa (all item from left to right)
Location of Matsumoto in Nagano Prefecture
Matsumoto
Matsumoto
 
Coordinates: 36°14′16.8″N 137°58′19.1″E / 36.238000°N 137.971972°E / 36.238000; 137.971972Coordinates: 36°14′16.8″N 137°58′19.1″E / 36.238000°N 137.971972°E / 36.238000; 137.971972
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Kōshin'etsu)
PrefectureNagano Prefecture
First official recorded4th century
City settledMay 1, 1907
Government
 • MayorAkira Sugenoya
Area
 • Total978.47 km2 (377.79 sq mi)
Population
 (March 1, 2019)
 • Total239,466
 • Density240/km2 (630/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
– TreeJapanese Red Pine
– FlowerJapanese azalea
Phone number0263-34-3000
Address3–7 Marunouchi, Matsumoto-shi, Nagano-ken 390-8620
WebsiteOfficial website
Buildings near Matsumoto Station
Buildings near Matsumoto Station
Matsumoto City Hall
Matsumoto City Hall

Matsumoto (松本市, Matsumoto-shi) is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan.[1] Matsumoto is designated as a core city since 1 April 2021.[2] As of 1 March 2019, the city had a population of 239,466 in 105,207 households [3] and a population density of 240 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 978.47 square kilometres (377.79 sq mi).

Geography

Matsumoto is located in the Matsumoto Basin of central Nagano Prefecture surrounded by mountains and is acclaimed for its beautiful views. It is approximately 75 kilometers south of the prefectural capital at Nagano City, and 167 kilometers from central Tokyo. The 3000 meter Hida Mountains are to the west of the city, with 3190 meter Mount Hotakadake on the border of Matsumoto with Takayama, Gifu as the highest point within the city limits.

Surrounding municipalities

Demographics

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Matsumoto has been increasing over the past 40 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1940 154,182—    
1950 183,775+19.2%
1960 190,076+3.4%
1970 203,571+7.1%
1980 223,496+9.8%
1990 233,756+4.6%
2000 243,465+4.2%
2010 243,070−0.2%

Climate

Matsumoto has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa) bordering on a humid subtropical climate (Koppen Cfa), with hot summers and cold winters. Precipitation is quite high in summer, but the weather is somewhat drier in winter. The average annual temperature in Matsumoto is 11.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1982 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.2 °C, and lowest in January, at around −0.5 °C.[5]

Climate data for Matsumoto, Nagano (1991-2020); elevation 610m
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.8
(65.8)
21.1
(70.0)
25.9
(78.6)
30.9
(87.6)
33.6
(92.5)
35.9
(96.6)
37.9
(100.2)
38.5
(101.3)
36.1
(97.0)
31.8
(89.2)
25.6
(78.1)
21.5
(70.7)
38.5
(101.3)
Average high °C (°F) 5.1
(41.2)
6.6
(43.9)
11.2
(52.2)
17.9
(64.2)
23.6
(74.5)
26.4
(79.5)
30.0
(86.0)
31.4
(88.5)
26.2
(79.2)
19.8
(67.6)
13.9
(57.0)
8.0
(46.4)
18.4
(65.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
0.6
(33.1)
4.6
(40.3)
10.8
(51.4)
16.5
(61.7)
20.2
(68.4)
24.2
(75.6)
25.1
(77.2)
20.4
(68.7)
13.9
(57.0)
7.8
(46.0)
2.5
(36.5)
12.2
(54.0)
Average low °C (°F) −4.9
(23.2)
−4.5
(23.9)
−1.0
(30.2)
4.4
(39.9)
10.4
(50.7)
15.4
(59.7)
19.8
(67.6)
20.5
(68.9)
16.2
(61.2)
9.2
(48.6)
2.6
(36.7)
−2.2
(28.0)
7.2
(45.0)
Record low °C (°F) −24.8
(−12.6)
−20.4
(−4.7)
−17.9
(−0.2)
−10.1
(13.8)
−2.7
(27.1)
2.3
(36.1)
10.2
(50.4)
8.0
(46.4)
3.0
(37.4)
−3.6
(25.5)
−8.4
(16.9)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−24.8
(−12.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 39.8
(1.57)
38.5
(1.52)
78.0
(3.07)
81.1
(3.19)
94.5
(3.72)
114.9
(4.52)
131.3
(5.17)
101.6
(4.00)
148.0
(5.83)
128.3
(5.05)
56.3
(2.22)
32.7
(1.29)
1,045.1
(41.15)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 33
(13)
22
(8.7)
12
(4.7)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
8
(3.1)
76
(30)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 6.0 6.1 9.0 9.1 9.1 11.3 13.0 10.3 10.6 9.2 6.5 6.6 106.9
Average snowy days 16.2 13.3 11.1 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.6 12.0 55.3
Average relative humidity (%) 67 64 62 58 60 69 71 70 74 75 71 69 68
Mean monthly sunshine hours 172.5 171.2 190.9 204.8 215.6 166.3 174.8 202.9 151.0 160.9 163.0 160.9 2,134.7
Source 1: Japan Meteorological Agency[6]
Source 2: Japan Meteorological Agency (records)[7]

History

Matsumoto is located in former Shinano Province and was the provincial capital from the Heian period onwards. The area developed as the castle town of Matsumoto Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of the Edo period. Modern Matsumoto Town was established with the creation of the municipalities system on April 1, 1889. It was raised to city status on May 1, 1907.

On February 1, 1925 Matsumoto absorbed the village of Matsumoto (from Higashichikuma District).

The city expanded further by annexing the Kanda hamlet of the village of Nakayama from Higashichikuma District on April 1, 1943, the villages of Nakayama, Shimadachi and Shimauchi (all from Higashichikuma District) on April 1, 1954, the villages of Wada, Niimura, Kanbayashi, Sasaga, Yoshikawa, Kotobuki, Okada, Iriyamabe, Satoyamabe and Imai (all from Higashichikuma District) on August 1, 1954 and Kitauchida ward (excluding the Gakenoyu hamlet from the Minamiuchida ward of the village of Kataoka, from Higashichikuma District) from the city of Shiojiri on April 1, 1960. This was followed by the Gakenoyu hamlet of Minamiuchida ward of the village of Kataoka (from Higashichikuma District) from the city of Shiojiri on April 1, 1961, the village of Hongo (from Higashichikuma District) on May 1, 1974 and parts of Seba hamlet (the hamlet of Kukohigashi) from the city of Shiojiri on April 1, 1982.

Between the days of June 27 and June 28, 1994, the Matsumoto Incident sarin gas attack occurred.

Matsumoto was proclaimed a special city with increased local autonomy on November 1, 2000. Matsumoto annexed the villages of Azumi, Azusagawa and Nagawa (all from Minamiazumi District), and the village of Shiga (from Higashichikuma District) on April 1, 2005. This was followed by the town of Hata (from Higashichikuma District) on March 31, 2010. Matsumoto was proclaimed a core city with increased local autonomy on April 1, 2021.

Government

Matsumoto has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 31 members. The city contributes six members to the Nagano Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, Matsumoto is grouped with Ōmachi, Azumino, Higashichikuma District, Nagano, Kitaazumi District, Nagano, Kamiminochi District, Nagano and part of the city of Nagano to form Nagano 2nd District in the lower house of the National Diet.

List of Matsumoto Mayors (since 1937)

Economy

Matsumoto is a regional commercial center and noted for traditional woodworking and silk spinning, electronics and its dairy industry. Seasonal tourism to the surrounding mountains and onsen hot spring resorts is also an important source of local income.[8]

Education

Universities and colleges

Primary and secondary education

Matsumoto has 29 public elementary schools operated by the city government, one operated by the national government and one private elementary school. The city also manages 19 public middle schools, with one more middle school shared between Matsumoto and neighbouring Asahi. There is one public middle school operated by the national government and one private middle school. The city has seven public high schools operated by the Nagano Prefectural Board of Education and six private high schools. The city also has a North Korean school, Nagano Korean Elementary and Junior High School (長野朝鮮初中級学校).

Transportation

Airport

Railway

Highway

Sister city relations

Domestic

International

Local attractions

Matsumoto is attractive to travellers not only because of the traditional culture but also its moderate climate and local products. Matsumoto soba is famous for its delicate taste.[9] Local attractions include:

Outside the rail station is also a statue of a little girl with a violin, remembering the Suzuki method of teaching music, created by Shinichi Suzuki who lived in the city in his later life.

Sports

Matsumoto is represented in the J. League of football with its local club, Matsumoto Yamaga FC based at the Alwin Stadium in Kambayashi.

It was one of the host cities of the official Women's Volleyball World Championship for its 1998 and 2010 editions.

Yoshinori Ueda was born here.[10]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Maatsumoto" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 618; "Chūbu" at p. 126.
  2. ^ Jacobs, A. J. "Japan's Evolving Nested Municipal Hierarchy: The Race for Local Power in the 2000s", Urban Studies Research, (2011); Table 3; retrieved 20132-2-11.
  3. ^ "松本市ホームぺージ". www.city.matsumoto.nagano.jp.
  4. ^ "Nagano (Japan): Prefecture, Cities, Towns and Villages – Population Statistics, Charts and Map". www.citypopulation.de.
  5. ^ "Matsumoto climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Matsumoto weather averages - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org.
  6. ^ 平年値(年・月ごとの値). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2010-03-06.
  7. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2011-11-18.
  8. ^ Campbell, Allen; Nobel, David S (1993). Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Kodansha. p. 1147. ISBN 406205938X.
  9. ^ http://welcome.city.matsumoto.nagano.jp/contents03+index.id+15.htm
  10. ^ "Yoshinori Ueda Japanese Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved 2020-08-09.

Media related to Matsumoto, Nagano at Wikimedia Commons