Mayor of Liverpool
Incumbent
Joanne Anderson

since 10 May 2021
StyleNo title
AppointerElectorate of Liverpool
Term lengthFour years
Inaugural holderJoe Anderson (politician)
Formation2012

The mayor of Liverpool is the executive mayor of the City of Liverpool in England.[1] The incumbent mayor is Joanne Anderson, who was elected in May 2021.

The mayor of Liverpool was previously branded 'the most powerful politician in England outside the capital', until metro-mayors were elected from 2016, such as the similarly named but separate mayor of the Liverpool City Region.[2][3]

During 2012, Liverpool City Council decided at a council meeting to adopt the elected mayor executive arrangements, bypassing the typical practice of a local referendum as was planned that year in other cities. On 5 May 2012, former leader of Liverpool City Council Joe Anderson became Liverpool's first elected mayor. In December 2020, Joe Anderson was arrested on suspicion of bribery and witness intimidation, he said he would not seek re-election.[4] A referendum in Liverpool will be held in 2023 on the continuation of the mayoralty.[5]

Role and powers of the mayor

The mayor is elected by the residents of Liverpool for a four-year period and is responsible for executive functions of Liverpool City Council and for the day-to-day running of the organisation. They are charged with leading the city, building investor confidence, and directing new resources to economic priorities. The mayor does not have responsibility for setting the Council budget or formulating policy framework plans as this remains with the city council. The mayor must appoint a cabinet of two or more councillors (also called the "Executive") who do not have to be from the same political party.[6][7][8][9] The mayor decides on the size of the cabinet and to what extent executive functions may be delegated. The mayor also benefits from so called 'soft powers' conferred on them by being directly elected, which enables them to influence, persuade and co-ordinate on a wider scale.[10]

The mayor of Liverpool is entitled to sit on the proposed "Cabinet of Mayors", along with the other directly elected mayors in England and Wales. Such a position allows a direct route to the prime minister and other senior ministers. Cabinet meetings will be held at least twice a year offering the opportunity to discuss local issues with decision-makers in Whitehall.[11]

Mayor for Liverpool City Region

A number of commentators[who?] had expressed disappointment[vague] that the mayor's remit does not cover the entire metropolitan area of Liverpool, or the Liverpool City Region. A 2011 report by former Deputy Prime Minister Michael Heseltine and Terry Leahy argued that a directly elected mayor should cover the six districts of the Liverpool City Region. The report argued that "in marketing terms Liverpool is a world class brand" and "it would be perverse to do other than embrace the wider area within an identity recognised across the globe."[12]

After opposition from the boroughs of Wirral, St Helens and Sefton,[13][14][15] the idea of a city region mayor was dropped. Minister for Cities, Greg Clark, ruled out the move as "too difficult for now", citing the need for fresh primary legislation and a reorganisation of local government boundaries as practical barriers to the concept.[16]

In November 2015, the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority agreed to a devolution deal with government that resulted in the creation of a 'metro mayor' for the city region. Elections were held in 2017, and Steve Rotheram was elected.[17]

Elections

The supplementary vote system
The supplementary vote system

The mayor is elected by the supplementary vote system for a period of four years. Each voter lists both a first and second choice candidate. If no-one gets more than 50% of the vote the second choices are allocated to the top two candidates.[18]

2021

See also: 2021 Liverpool City Council election

Background

In December 2020, Mayor Joe Anderson was arrested on suspicion of bribery and witness intimidation; he said he would not seek re-election.[4] Deputy Mayor Wendy Simon exercised the powers and duties of the office of Mayor of Liverpool from 2020 to 2021 after Mayor Joe Anderson temporarily stepped aside in December 2020. Although Anderson formally remained as Mayor until the end of his term, Simon performed Anderson’s duties.[19]

A referendum in Liverpool will be held in 2023 on the continuation of the mayoralty.[20]

Labour Party mayoral selection

Eight candidates declared their intention to become the Labour candidate for Mayor of Liverpool.[21][22] This was short-listed down to three female city councillors: acting mayor Wendy Simon, former deputy mayor Ann O'Byrne and current Lord Mayor Anna Rothery. The result of the internal selection was due to be announced on 5 March. Rothery was endorsed by Dawn Butler MP,[23] Dan Carden MP,[24] Ian Byrne MP,[24] and Jeremy Corbyn, former Leader of the Labour Party and MP for Islington North,[25] as well as Unite the Union.[26][23]

However,[27][28] when ballots were supposed to go out in mid-February the party halted the process to re-interview candidates.[24] The Labour Party then decided to re-open the selection process and barred all three original candidates from standing, without any reason being given.[29][30][31] Councillor Joanne Anderson was later selected to be Labour's candidate for the city.

Result

Liverpool Mayoral Election 6 May 2021 [32]
Party Candidate 1st round 2nd round
 First round votes  Transfer votes 
Total Of round Transfers Total Of round
Labour Joanne Anderson 38,958 38.15% 7,535 46,493 59.2%
Independent Stephen Yip 22,047 21.79% 10,032 32,079 40.8%
Liberal Democrats Richard Kemp 17,166 16.79%
Green Tom Crone 8,768 8.67%
Liberal Steve Radford 7,135 7.05%
Conservative Katie Burgess 4,187 4.14%
TUSC Roger Bannister 2,912 2.88%
Registered electors 336,382
Turnout 101,173 30.51%
Rejected ballots 3,978
Labour hold

2016

Liverpool Mayoral Election 5 May 2016 [33]
Party Candidate 1st round 2nd round
 First round votes  Transfer votes 
Total Of round Transfers Total Of round
Labour Joe Anderson 51,332 52.6%
Liberal Democrats Richard Kemp 20,598 21.1%
Green Tom Crone 10,609 10.9%
TUSC Roger Bannister 4,950 5.1%
Independent Alan Hutchinson 3,964 4.1%
Conservative Tony Caldeira 3,533 3.6%
English Democrat Paul Duane Rimmer 2,590 2.7%
Registered electors 315,909
Turnout 97,576 30.9%
Rejected ballots 1,539
Labour hold

2012

Liverpool Mayoral Election 3 May 2012 [34] [35]
Party Candidate 1st round 2nd round
 First round votes  Transfer votes 
Total Of round Transfers Total Of round
Labour Joe Anderson 58,448 59.33%
Independent Liam Fogarty 8,292 8.42%
Liberal Democrats Richard Kemp 6,238 6.33%
Green John Coyne 5,175 5.25%
TUSC Tony Mulhearn 4,792 4.86%
Liberal Steve Radford 4,442 4.51%
Conservative Tony Caldeira 4,425 4.49%
UKIP Adam Heatherington 2,352 2.39%
English Democrat Paul Rimmer 1,400 1.42%
Liverpool Independent Party Jeff Berman 1,362 1.38%
BNP Mike Whitby 1,015 1.03%
National Front Peter Tierney 453 0.57%
Registered electors 319,758
Turnout 98,507 31.68%
Rejected ballots
Labour win

List of Mayors

Joe Anderson was the inaugural holder of the office of Mayor of Liverpool, first elected in 2012. He indefinitely handed over the powers and duties of the office to his deputy mayor, Wendy Simon, in December 2020 following a bribery scandal. Simon served as acting mayor until the 2021 mayoral election, when Joanne Anderson (no relation to Joe Anderson) was elected.

  Denotes service as acting mayor
  Labour
  Independent
# Name Entered office Left office Deputy Mayor Photo
1 Joe Anderson 5 May 2012 10 May 2021 Ann O'Byrne
Wendy Simon
- Wendy Simon 10 December 2020 10 May 2021 Lynnie Hinnigan
2 Joanne Anderson 10 May 2021 Incumbent Jane Corbett

Salary

The Mayor of Liverpool was paid £77,039.89 in 2012-13.[36] Since 2013, they have been paid £79,500 per annum,.[37][38] An independent panel of experts[who?] had recommended that the Mayor's salary should be closer to £80,000[when?] which is intended to reflect the size and population of the city, as well as the role and responsibilities associated with the position both in terms of the executive functions and proposing and implementing of key strategic plans.[39][40]

References

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  2. ^ "Liverpool's first elected Mayor". 4 May 2012. Archived from the original on 24 August 2012. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
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  4. ^ a b Pidd, Helen (1 January 2021). "Liverpool mayor Joe Anderson withdraws from elections". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 27 January 2021. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
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  40. ^ "Liverpool mayor Joe Anderson to take £66,000 salary". BBC Liverpool. 23 May 2012. Archived from the original on 26 May 2012. Retrieved 23 May 2012.