Medal of Ushakov
Medal of Ushakov (obverse)
TypeMilitary decoration
Awarded forBravery and courage in naval theatres
Presented by Russian Federation
 Soviet Union
EligibilitySoldiers and sailors of the Navy and Border Guard Service of the FSB
Statusactive
EstablishedMarch 3, 1944
Ribbon of the Medal of Ushakov
Precedence
Next (higher)Medal of Suvorov
Next (lower)Medal of Zhukov
Reverse of the Medal of Ushakov

The Medal of Ushakov (Russian: Медаль Ушакова) is a state decoration of the Russian Federation that was retained from the awards system of the USSR post 1991.

Award history

The Medal of Ushakov was a Soviet military award created on March 3, 1944 by decision of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.[1] It was named in honour of Russian admiral Fyodor Ushakov who never lost a battle and was proclaimed patron saint of the Russian Navy.

The Medal of Ushakov was awarded to sailors and soldiers, petty officers and sergeants, ensigns and warrant officers of the Soviet Navy, Naval Infantry and naval units of KGB Border Troops for courage and bravery displayed both in wartime and in peacetime during the defence of the Soviet Union in naval theatres, while protecting the maritime borders of the USSR, during military duties with a risk to life.

Note: the "peacetime" awards were a 1980 modification to the statute of the medal, prior to that, the medal could only be awarded for wartime acts. The sole exception was the October 1961 award of the Medal of Ushakov to Captain Second Rank Nikolai Shumkov for commanding the submarine B-130 that test launched the first Soviet nuclear torpedo.

An estimated 14,000 to 16,000 medals of Ushakov were awarded from its creation in 1944 to the 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union.

By Presidential Decree № 442 of March 2, 1994,[2] the Soviet Medal of Ushakov was retained in the same basic design by the Russian Federation after the dissolution of the USSR. Its statute was amended by Presidential Decrees, №19 of January 6, 1999[3] and №1099 of September 7, 2010.[4]

Modern statute

The Medal of Ushakov is awarded to soldiers and sailors of the Navy and of the Border Guard Service of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation for bravery and courage displayed while defending the nation and the public interests of the Russian Federation in naval theatres of military operations, while protecting the state borders of the Russian Federation, in carrying out naval combat missions with vessels of the Navy and/or Border Guard Service of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation, during exercises and manoeuvres in the performance of military duties under conditions involving a risk to life, as well as for excellent performance in naval combat training.[5]

The Russian Federation Order of Precedence dictates the Medal of Ushakov is to be worn on the left breast with other medals immediately after the Medal of Suvorov.[6]

Award description

The Medal of Ushakov is a 36mm diameter circular silver medal with a raised rim. The obverse has at its center the relief bust of admiral Ushakov facing forward, surrounded by a slightly raised band bearing the inscription, which two Russian words being separated at the top by a star: АДМИРАЛ ✯ УШАКОВ, i.e. by ISO 9: ADMIRAL ✯ UŠAKOV (ADMIRAL ✯ USHAKOV) and at the bottom by two laurel branches. The circular medal covers a naval anchor with the stock and flukes protruding at the bottom and the arms and shackle protruding at the top.[5]

The entire anchor is visible on the otherwise plain reverse where a relief "N" is to the left of the anchor, the award serial number goes next to it (the serial number used to be on the right side of the anchor during the Soviet era). Below the area reserved for the award serial number is the maker's mark.[5]

The Medal of Ushakov is suspended from a standard Russian pentagonal mount by a small silver metallic chain hanging from both upper corners of the mount going through the anchor shackle and bottom of the pentagonal mount. The mount is covered by an overlapping 24mm wide silk moiré blue ribbon with 2mm blue and white edge stripes.[5]

Soviet recipients (partial list)

The following individuals were awarded the Soviet Medal of Ushakov:

Foreign recipients (partial list)

The following individuals were awarded the Soviet Medal of Ushakov: Donald Matheson, teligraphist received the Ushakov for his service aboard HMS Black Prince during the Arctic Convoy JW57. Departed Liverpool February 20, 1944 and arrived in Russia, February 28, 1944. Departed on the 2nd March 1944 and arrived in Loch Ewe Scotland on 10 March 1944.

In 2013 the awarding of the Medal of Ushakov was made an exception to these rules by the British government.

On 23 April 2015 Medal no. 2833 was awarded by the Russian ambassador HE Dr Alexander Yakovenko to AB (Gunner) William Ernest Jones for his service in HMS DIADEM

William Hutchins and his Medal of Ushakov
William Hutchins and his Medal of Ushakov

See also

References

  1. ^ "Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of March 3, 1944" (in Russian). Wikisource. 28 September 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
  2. ^ "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of March 2, 1994 No 442" (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. 15 December 1999. Archived from the original on 5 February 2012. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  3. ^ "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of January 6, 1999 No 19" (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. 15 December 1999. Archived from the original on 5 February 2012. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  4. ^ "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of September 7, 2010 No 1099" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 7 September 2010. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  5. ^ a b c d "Statute of the Medal of Ushakov" (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. 7 September 2010. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  6. ^ "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of December 16, 2011 No 1631" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 16 December 2011. Archived from the original on 31 March 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  7. ^ "Rockford WWII Navy veteran receives medal from Russia". Rockford Register Star. 3 September 2012. Archived from the original on 1 February 2013. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  8. ^ "Essex soldier from Arctic convoys denied Russian medal". BBC News. 14 January 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  9. ^ Ambrose, Tom (26 September 2014). "East Sheen war veteran honoured with Ushakov medal". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  10. ^ "Nationals of the United Kingdom, awarded the Ushakov Medal on 18th of September 2014". Photo reports. The Embassy of the Russian Federation to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. 18 September 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  11. ^ Memoirs of DM Christison www.dmchristison.co.uk
  12. ^ Priestley, Catherine (28 September 2014). "Medal for Crook veteran". Northern Echo. Retrieved 28 September 2014.[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ O'Leary, Abigail (3 February 2015). "Arctic hero is honoured by Russia". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  14. ^ "Lt-Cdr Roy Francis – obituary". Daily Telegraph. 9 February 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  15. ^ "Presentation of Ushakov Medal to the Veteran of the Arctic Convoys William Pickering". Consulate General of the Russian Federation in Edinburgh, the United Kingdom. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  16. ^ Lewis, Carys (26 November 2014). "70 YEARS after he risked his life for the Russians Vic Davies receives a medal". walesonline. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  17. ^ "WW2 Arctic Convoy veterans awarded Russian Ushakov medal". BBC News. 3 October 2014.
  18. ^ Jemma Buckley (8 October 2014). "Black Country Arctic Convoy Veterans receive medals from Russia". Retrieved 2 May 2015.
  19. ^ a b "Ushakov Medal Awardings". rusemb.org.uk. Retrieved 20 April 2022.
  20. ^ "Arctic Convoy medals for Harborough war heroes". Harborough Mail. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  21. ^ "Capt. Hugh Stephens Awarded the Medal of Ushakov from Russian President Vladimir Putin on Veteran's Day | SUNY Maritime College". www.sunymaritime.edu. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  22. ^ "Dick Burbine". Russian Arctic Convoy Museum. Retrieved 13 March 2022.
  23. ^ "George Koch - Merchant Marines 1944-45". USA WARRIOR STORIES. Retrieved 13 March 2022.