Medina County
The Medina County Courthouse in Hondo
The Medina County Courthouse in Hondo
Map of Texas highlighting Medina County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 29°21′N 99°07′W / 29.35°N 99.11°W / 29.35; -99.11
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1848
Named forMedina River
SeatHondo
Largest cityHondo
Area
 • Total1,335 sq mi (3,460 km2)
 • Land1,325 sq mi (3,430 km2)
 • Water9.2 sq mi (24 km2)  0.7%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total50,748
 • Density38/sq mi (15/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district23rd
Websitewww.medinacountytexas.org

Medina County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 50,748.[1] Its county seat is Hondo.[2] The county is named for the Medina River. The extreme northern part of the county lies within the Edwards Plateau, which elevates into the Texas Hill Country. The Medina Dam, the fourth largest in the nation when completed in 1913, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[3] The irrigation project, creating Medina Lake, was built by 1500 skilled workers who worked in shifts operating 24 hours a day to complete the dam in two years. Medina County is part of the San Antonio, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The county is named after the Medina River, which was named in 1689 after the Spanish cartographer Pedro de Medina by the Spanish explorer Alonso de Leon, the first European to encounter the river.[4] Because Pedro de Medina derived his surname from the Andalusian city of Medina-Sidonia, the name Medina comes from the Arabic for city.

The Texas Legislature formed Medina county on February 12, 1848, and enlarged it on February 1, 1850, using land taken from Bexar County. Castroville was the county seat, and the county erected the first permanent courthouse there in 1854. The county seat moved to Hondo in 1892, and a new courthouse was completed there in 1893.[5]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,335 square miles (3,460 km2), of which 1,325 square miles (3,430 km2) is land and 9.2 square miles (24 km2) (0.7%) is water.[6]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850909
18601,838102.2%
18702,07813.1%
18804,492116.2%
18905,73027.6%
19007,78335.8%
191013,41572.4%
192011,679−12.9%
193013,98919.8%
194016,10615.1%
195017,0135.6%
196018,90411.1%
197020,2497.1%
198023,16414.4%
199027,31217.9%
200039,30443.9%
201046,00617.1%
202050,74810.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1850–2010[8] 2010[9] 2020[10]

2020 census

Medina County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[9] Pop 2020[10] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 21,408 22,324 46.53% 43.99%
Black or African American alone (NH) 913 1,252 1.98% 2.47%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 146 158 0.32% 0.31%
Asian alone (NH) 272 215 0.59% 0.42%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 24 38 0.05% 0.07%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 28 188 0.06% 0.37%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 344 1,118 0.75% 2.20%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 22,871 25,455 49.71% 50.16%
Total 46,006 50,748 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 39,304 people, 12,880 households, and 10,136 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (11/km2). There were 14,826 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 79.38% White, 2.20% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 14.48% from other races, and 2.88% from two or more races. 45.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,880 households, out of which 39.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.20% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.30% were non-families. 18.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.30.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 29.00% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,063, and the median income for a family was $40,288. Males had a median income of $27,045 versus $21,734 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,210. About 12.00% of families and 15.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.80% of those under age 18 and 15.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

Gallery

Politics

United States presidential election results for Medina County, Texas[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 15,642 69.04% 6,773 29.89% 242 1.07%
2016 12,085 70.07% 4,634 26.87% 527 3.06%
2012 11,079 69.03% 4,784 29.81% 186 1.16%
2008 10,480 66.59% 5,147 32.71% 110 0.70%
2004 10,389 70.07% 4,322 29.15% 115 0.78%
2000 8,590 66.73% 4,025 31.27% 258 2.00%
1996 5,710 55.03% 3,880 37.39% 787 7.58%
1992 4,912 45.54% 3,650 33.84% 2,223 20.61%
1988 5,722 57.05% 4,227 42.15% 80 0.80%
1984 5,737 65.17% 3,053 34.68% 13 0.15%
1980 4,742 60.12% 3,034 38.46% 112 1.42%
1976 3,252 46.54% 3,681 52.68% 55 0.79%
1972 4,059 71.85% 1,507 26.68% 83 1.47%
1968 2,058 39.19% 2,471 47.06% 722 13.75%
1964 1,583 31.71% 3,408 68.27% 1 0.02%
1960 2,028 46.43% 2,325 53.23% 15 0.34%
1956 2,668 63.51% 1,516 36.09% 17 0.40%
1952 3,204 63.52% 1,840 36.48% 0 0.00%
1948 1,492 42.39% 1,875 53.27% 153 4.35%
1944 1,607 47.42% 1,469 43.35% 313 9.24%
1940 1,480 45.83% 1,749 54.17% 0 0.00%
1936 969 31.97% 2,050 67.63% 12 0.40%
1932 515 16.96% 2,516 82.87% 5 0.16%
1928 1,243 46.94% 1,400 52.87% 5 0.19%
1924 816 35.81% 986 43.26% 477 20.93%
1920 772 45.71% 519 30.73% 398 23.56%
1916 650 45.11% 758 52.60% 33 2.29%
1912 219 18.85% 648 55.77% 295 25.39%


See also

References

  1. ^ "Medina County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Ruben E. Ochoa, "Medina County", Handbook of Texas Online, accessed 3 August 2010
  4. ^ Norris, Lola Orellano. GENERAL ALONSO DE LEÓN’S EXPEDITION DIARIES INTO TEXAS (1686-1690): A LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS OF THE SPANISH MANUSCRIPTS WITH SEMIPALEOGRAPHIC TRANSCRIPTIONS AND ENGLISH TRANSLATIONS (PDF). pp. 274, 277.
  5. ^ Ochoa, Ruben E. "Medina County". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  8. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
  9. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Medina County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  10. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Medina County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved July 27, 2018.

Further reading

Media related to Medina County, Texas at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 29°21′N 99°07′W / 29.35°N 99.11°W / 29.35; -99.11