Meland kommune
View of the mountain Eldsfjellet in northern Meland
Hordaland within
Norway
Meland within Hordaland
Coordinates: 60°33′51″N 05°07′07″E / 60.56417°N 5.11861°E / 60.56417; 5.11861Coordinates: 60°33′51″N 05°07′07″E / 60.56417°N 5.11861°E / 60.56417; 5.11861
CountryNorway
CountyHordaland
DistrictNordhordland
Established15 Oct 1923
Disestablished1 Jan 2020
Administrative centreFrekhaug
Government
 • Mayor (2015-2019)Øyvind Helland Oddekalv (Ap)
Area
 • Land87.53 km2 (33.80 sq mi)
 • Water5.05 km2 (1.95 sq mi)  5.5%
Area rank386 in Norway
Population
 (2017)
 • Total8,021
 • Rank135 in Norway
 • Density91.6/km2 (237/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
33.3%
Demonym(s)Melandsbu[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1256
Official language formNynorsk[2]
Preceded byAlversund in 1923
Succeeded byAlver in 2020
Websitemeland.kommune.no

Meland is a former municipality in the Nordhordland district in the old Hordaland county, Norway. The municipality existed from 1923 until its dissolution on 1 January 2020 when it was merged into the new Alver Municipality. The municipality was located about 30 minutes north of the city of Bergen in Western Norway. The island municipality was mostly located on the island of Holsnøy, where the administrative centre of Frekhaug is located. Other villages in Meland include Hjartås, Holme, Io, Krossneset, Meland, and Rossland.

Prior to its dissolution in 2020, the 93-square-kilometre (36 sq mi) municipality is the 386th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Meland is the 135th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 8,021. The municipality's population density is 91.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (237/sq mi) and its population has increased by 33.3% over the last decade.[3]

General information

Satellite view of the island of Holsnøy
Satellite view of the island of Holsnøy
View of a wedding boat at Holsnøy
View of a wedding boat at Holsnøy
View of Krossnessund Bridge (back) and Nordhordland Bridge (front)
View of Krossnessund Bridge (back) and Nordhordland Bridge (front)
View of the local church
View of the local church

On 15 October 1923, the western part of the municipality of Alversund was separated to create the new municipality of Meland. Meland was one of many municipalities in Norway that were created for geographical reasons: Meland was separated from the rest of Alversund by the Radfjorden, and transportation between the different parts of the municipality was unreliable and time-consuming. The creation of the municipality was approved in 1922, and the first election for the municipal council was held 23 August 1923, with the municipality becoming official on 15 October 1923. Meland encompassed the southern two-thirds of the island of Holsnøy (the northern third belonged to Herdla municipality), a small area on the northeast coast of the island of Askøy, as well as some very small surrounding islands.[4]

In 1962, the Schei Committee concluded its survey of the organization of Norway's municipalities. The committee recommended enlarging Meland municipality by transferring the northern part of Holsnøy and the minor island of Øpsøy (population: 811) from Herdla municipality to Meland, and the island of Flatøy (population: 166) was transferred from Hamre municipality to Meland. Simultaneously, Meland would lose the parts of the municipality located on the island of Askøy and that area would go to Askøy Municipality. Hordaland county approved the move, and the border changes came into effect on 1 January 1964.[5] A proposal to change the name of Meland municipality to "Holsenøy" was rejected.[6] Hamre and Herdla municipalities ceased to exist, and their territory was divided between the municipalities of Lindås, Osterøy, and Meland, and Askøy, Øygarden, and Meland, respectively.[7][8]

On 1 January 2020, the neighboring municipalities of Meland, Radøy, and Lindås were merged into a large, new municipality called Alver.[9]

Name

The municipality is named after the old Meland farm in the south-central part of the island of Holsnøy. The Old Norse name of the farm was "Meðalland". "Meðal" means "middle" while "land" means "farm" or "land",[10] so that the name as a whole roughly means "the farm that is located in the middle (of the island)".[11] The name was spelled Mæland historically.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms was granted on 15 May 1987. The arms show a local type of auger which is used in carpentry. In the 1850s, auger manufacturing started in the municipality, and the local drills were considered to be high quality. The auger is gray and it is on a red background.[12]

Churches

The Church of Norway had one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Meland. It is part of the Nordhordland prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Meland
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Meland Meland Church Meland 1866

Geography

Meland consisted of a number of islands. The largest was Holsnøy, which has an area of 89 square kilometres (34 sq mi), out of a total area of 93 square kilometres (36 sq mi) for the entire municipality. Holsnøy is located between the island of Radøy and the Lindås peninsula to its north, the Åsane peninsula in Bergen to its east, the island of Askøy to its south, and the archipelago of Øygarden to its west. It is surrounded by fjords, namely (clockwise from north) Mangerfjorden, Radfjorden, Salhusfjorden, Herdlefjorden, and Hjeltefjorden. The second largest island in the municipality is Flatøy, located west of Holsnøy. The municipality also encompasses a number of minor islands.[11]

The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Frekhaug, which is its largest settlement. Frekhaug is located in the south-eastern part of Holsnøy, and its urban area had a population of 1649 as of 2012. An additional two urban areas are located in the municipality: Krossneset on Flatøy (population 468) and Holme (population 663).[13]

Transport

As an island municipality, the road network of Meland depended upon bridges to connect it to the mainland. The Nordhordland Bridge, which spans the Salhusfjorden between Flatøy and Klauvaneset in Bergen, connects Meland to the mainland. The bridge is the main road northwards from Bergen, and is part of European route E39. The Krossnessundet Bridge, which is part of Fv 564, connects Flatøy to Holsnøy, the largest island of the municipality. The Krossnessundet Bridge opened in 1977,[14] while the Nordhordland Bridge dates from 1994.[15] The Hagelsund Bridge connects the island of Flatøy to Knarvik on the Lindås peninsula to the east.

History

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19511,930—    
19601,721−10.8%
19702,694+56.5%
19803,508+30.2%
19904,534+29.2%
20005,353+18.1%
20106,613+23.5%
20178,021+21.3%
Source: Statistics Norway.

Meland had several traces of early settlement, including remnants of stone houses, terraced walls, and farms. Holmeknappen (from the 18th century) was restored in 1992, and it includes equipment for barrel production and salting herring. Meland has been a church site since the mid-13th century. The stave church on this site was in use until 1616 when a new wooden church was built on the same site. That church was demolished in 1816 and the new (present) Meland Church was erected in 1816.[16]

Government

All municipalities in Norway, including Meland, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[17] The municipality falls under the Bergen District Court and the Gulating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Meland was made up of 27 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Meland Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [18]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)4
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet Dei Grøne)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 The People's Will Local List (Bygdelista Folkeviljen)1
Total number of members:27
Meland Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [19]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)4
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet Dei Grøne)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Joint list of the Red Party (Raudt) and the
Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)
2
Total number of members:27
Meland Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [18]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Joint list of the Red Party, Socialist Left Party,
and Social Democrats in Meland
(Fellesliste: Raudt, Sosialistisk Venstre, og Sosialdemokratar i Meland)
2
Total number of members:27
Meland Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [18]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Joint list of the Red Party, Socialist Left Party,
and Social Democrats in Meland
(Fellesliste: Raudt, Sosialistisk Venstre, og Sosialdemokratar i Meland)
3
Total number of members:27
Meland Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [18]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Red Electoral Alliance (Raud Valallianse)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:27
Meland Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [20]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:27
Meland Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [21]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:27
Meland Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [22]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:27
Meland Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [23]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:27
Meland Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [24]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Liberal People's Party (Liberale Folkepartiet)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:27
Meland Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [25]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 New People's Party (Nye Folkepartiet)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:21
Meland Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [26]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:21
Meland Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [27]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:21
Meland Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [28]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)13
Total number of members:21
Meland Heradsstyre 1960–1963 [29]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)17
Total number of members:17
Meland Heradsstyre 1956–1959 [30]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)17
Total number of members:17
Meland Heradsstyre 1952–1955 [31]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)16
Total number of members:16
Meland Heradsstyre 1948–1951 [32]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)15
Total number of members:16
Meland Heradsstyre 1945–1947 [33]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)14
Total number of members:16
Mæland Heradsstyre 1938–1941* [34]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)14
Total number of members:16

Notable people

See also: Alver_(municipality) § Notable_people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-26.
  4. ^ Flatøy, Olav (1973). Meland kommune gjennom 50 år : 1923-1973 (in Norwegian). Meland: Meland kommune. pp. 23–26. ISBN 82-990268-0-6.
  5. ^ Juvkam, Dag (May 1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Retrieved 2009-11-15.
  6. ^ Flatøy, Olav (1973). Meland kommune gjennom 50 år : 1923-1973 (in Norwegian). Meland: Meland kommune. pp. 60–61. ISBN 82-990268-0-6.
  7. ^ Flatøy, Olav (1973). Meland kommune gjennom 50 år : 1923-1973 (in Norwegian). Meland: Meland kommune. pp. 15–17. ISBN 82-990268-0-6.
  8. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  9. ^ "Ein kommune" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-26.
  10. ^ Stemshaug, Ola; Sandnes, Jørn; Aune, Kolbjørn (1990). Norsk stadnamnleksikon (in Norwegian) (3 ed.). Oslo: Det Norske Samlaget. p. 218. ISBN 82-521-3477-7.
  11. ^ a b Hartvedt, Gunnar Hagen (1994). "Meland". Bergen Byleksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. p. 35. ISBN 82-573-0485-9.
  12. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2020-02-08.
  13. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2012). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".
  14. ^ Kortner, Olaf; Munthe, Preben; Tveterås, Egil (1994). Aschehoug og Gyldendals store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). K–Lat. Aschehoug, Gyldendal. p. 529. ISBN 82-573-0583-9.
  15. ^ "Structurae [en]: Nordhordland Bridge (1994)". Structurae. Retrieved 2009-11-15.
  16. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Meland" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2014-04-20.
  17. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
  18. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  19. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Hordaland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2020-02-02.
  20. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  21. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  22. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  23. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  24. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  29. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  30. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  31. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  32. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  33. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  34. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-05-14.