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Melitta Group
TypePrivate
IndustryRetail Coffee
Founded1908
HeadquartersMinden, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
ProductsCoffees,Coffee filters,small appliance (coffee makers etc.)
Revenue1.325 billion € (2014)
Number of employees
3,736 (2014)
Websitewww.melitta-group.com
Melitta headquarters in Minden
Melitta headquarters in Minden
A Melitta coffee filter, containing ground coffee, in a single cup brewing holder
A Melitta coffee filter, containing ground coffee, in a single cup brewing holder

Melitta (/məˈltə/) is a German company selling coffee, paper coffee filters, and coffee makers, part of the Melitta Group, which has branches in other countries. The company is headquartered in Minden, North Rhine-Westphalia.[1][2]

It is named after Melitta Bentz (1873–1950) who founded the company after she invented the drip brew paper coffee filter (German patent granted July 8, 1908). Bentz later ran the company as a family business.[3]

History

This Melitta teapot was the model for the Utah teapot 3D rendering, a ubiquitous object in early computer graphics research
This Melitta teapot was the model for the Utah teapot 3D rendering, a ubiquitous object in early computer graphics research

In 1908, Melitta Bentz, a 35-year-old woman from Dresden, Germany, invented the first coffee filter, receiving a patent registration for her "Filter Top Device lined with Filter Paper" from the Patent Office in Berlin on July 8. She founded the company bearing her name the same year.[4][5]

In the 1930s, Melitta revised the original filter, tapering it into the shape of a cone and adding ribs. This created a larger filtration area, allowing for improved extraction of the ground coffee. In 1936, the widely recognised cone-shaped filter paper that fit inside the tapered filter top was introduced. The '102' became the most popular.[6]

Melitta continued to develop new techniques to improve the shape, performance, material and production process of its filter systems. In 1989, Natural Brown coffee filters made from unbleached pulp were introduced, which kept unwanted by-products from leaching into the environment.[7] In 1992 Melitta developed an oxygen-bleaching process to produce white paper without chlorine. In 1997, Melitta developed a filter with Flavor Pores, microfine perforations that filter out unwanted sediment, particles and oils[clarification needed]. In 2002 Melitta added a second safety crimp to increase strength and durability. In 2007 bamboo Filters were introduced and the Flavor Pores filter was improved.

As of 2015 Melitta Group KG employed 3,300 people.[8]

In the 2019 financial year, the group's turnover increased by 10 percent to almost 1.7 billion euros.[9] The number of employees grew to 5654.[10]

In April 2020, Melitta announced that the company would be manufacturing nose and face masks as part of the COVID-19 pandemic. The masks consist of a three-layer fleece and are produced worldwide. Melitta donates the first million masks to healthcare facilities.[11]

Melitta USA

Melitta USA, headquartered in Clearwater, Florida, is part of the privately held Melitta Group of Minden, Germany.[1] Melitta USA is responsible for the sales and marketing of Melitta coffee filters, coffee, and non electric coffee systems in the USA.

Melitta USA's coffee filters are manufactured in Clearwater, Florida, and the company has a coffee roasting operation in Cherry Hill, New Jersey. The company Web site said in 2018 that it had been roasting coffee in Cherry Hill for more than 50 years.[12]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Walsh, Alex (25 March 2010). "Filter Family". Business Observer. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  2. ^ "Service addresses Archived 2009-04-03 at the Wayback Machine." Melitta. Retrieved on August 12, 2009.
  3. ^ Moses, Claire (5 September 2018). "Overlooked No More: Melitta Bentz, Who Invented the Coffee Filter". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  4. ^ Melitta History Archived 2013-05-29 at the Wayback Machine, Melitta.com
  5. ^ "Total banal - genial!". Spiegel Online. 29 May 2008. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
  6. ^ "Diese 15 Zahlen haben eine Geschichte: Kaffeefilter 102". BILD.de. 25 May 2015. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
  7. ^ Jolly, R. D.; Thompson, K. G.; Winchester, B. G. (1975). "Bovine mannosidosis--a model lysosomal storage disease". Birth Defects Original Article Series. 11 (6): 273–278. ISSN 0547-6844. PMID 100.
  8. ^ "10 everyday things invented in Germany #5: The coffee filter". Deutsche Welle. 15 July 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2018. (Select 5th item)
  9. ^ "Melitta Geschäftsbericht 2019 - Home". Melitta Geschäftsbericht 2019 (in German). Retrieved 2022-05-11.
  10. ^ Hinweis in: Westfalenpost vom 18. August 2020, Seite Wirtschaft.
  11. ^ "Melitta stellt ab sofort Millionen Atemmasken her - Melitta Corporate Site". 2020-04-25. Archived from the original on 25 April 2020. Retrieved 2022-05-11.
  12. ^ "Company Information". Melitta. Retrieved 13 September 2018.