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Mercedes-Benz Arena
Former namesAdolf-Hitler-Kampfbahn (1933–1945)
Century Stadium (1945–1949)
Neckarstadion (1949–1993)
Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion (1993–2008)
LocationStuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
OwnerStadion NeckarPark GmbH & Co.KG
OperatorVfB Stuttgart Arena Betriebs GmbH
Capacity60,441[4] (league matches),
54,906 (international matches)
Record attendance97,553 (Germany-Switzerland, 22 November 1950)
Surfacenatural grass
Construction
Built1897
Opened23 July 1933
Renovated1949–1951, 1999–2003, 2004–2005 ('asp' architekten Stuttgart)
Expanded1993, 2009–2011 ('asp' architekten Stuttgart)
Construction cost€63.5 million (2009–2011 expansion)[1]
€58 million (2004–2005 renovation)[2]
€5.2 million (2001)[3]
Architect'asp' architekten Stuttgart
(2004–2005, 2009–2011)
Project managerStefan Heim, Martin Rau
Tenants
VfB Stuttgart (1933–present)
Germany national football team (selected matches)

Mercedes-Benz Arena (German pronunciation: [mɛʁˌtseːdəsˈbɛnts ʔaˌʁeːna]) is a stadium located in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany and home to German Bundesliga club VfB Stuttgart.

Before 1993 it was called Neckarstadion [ˈnɛkaʁˌʃtaːdi̯ɔn], named after the nearby river Neckar and between 1993 and July 2008 it was called Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion [ˌɡɔtliːpˈdaɪmlɐˌʃtaːdi̯ɔn]. From the 2008–09 season, the stadium was renamed the Mercedes-Benz Arena, starting with a pre-season friendly against Arsenal on 30 July 2008.[5]

History

The stadium was originally built in 1933 after designs by German architect Paul Bonatz. After It was built, it was named "Adolf-Hitler-Kampfbahn" (pronounced [ˌadɔlfˈhɪtlɐˌkampfbaːn]). From 1945 to 1949 it was called Century Stadium and later Kampfbahn and was used by US Troops to play baseball. The name Neckarstadion was used since 1949. It is home to VfB Stuttgart in the Bundesliga (and to the Stuttgarter Kickers when they played in the Bundesliga).

After a major refurbishment in the late 1980s and early 1990s partly financed by Daimler-Benz, the Stuttgart town council dedicated the stadium to Gottlieb Daimler. The inventor had tested both the first internal combustion motorcycle and the first 4-wheel automobile there in the 1880s, on the road from Cannstatt to Untertürkheim (now called Mercedesstraße).[6] The new museum, the headquarters and a factory of Mercedes-Benz are nearby.[7]

The stadium capacity was reduced to around 41,000, after one stand (Untertürkheimer Kurve) was demolished during summer 2009 in the process of converting it to a pure football arena. The rebuilt arena was completed in December 2011 with a new capacity of 60,000, including terracing. Due to UEFA regulations, which only allow seating, the capacity is reduced to 54,906 during international football matches.

"Cannstatter Kurve" is the area for the fans of VfB Stuttgart
"Cannstatter Kurve" is the area for the fans of VfB Stuttgart

It is divided into four sections,

The Mercedes-Benz Arena features a unique fabric roof construction, making it easily recognizable. Made of precision-tailored membranes of PVC-coated polyester, the roof tissue is durable enough to withstand 1,000 kg of weight per square decimeter. It is suspended from an aesthetic steel frame that runs around the entire stadium weighing approximately 2,700 metric tons. The steel cables connecting the roof to the frame alone weigh about 420 tons. The roof was added during the refurbishment preceding the 1993 World Athletics Championships.


A panorama view of Stuttgart against Borussia Dortmund in October 2011

International matches

The Mercedes-Benz Arena hosted four matches of the 1974 FIFA World Cup, two matches of the 1988 UEFA European Football Championship (a 1st Round match and a semi-final) and six games of the 2006 FIFA World Cup, including a Round of 16 game and the third-place playoff match (see below for details).

The stadium also hosted the finals of the European Cup (now known as UEFA Champions League) in 1959 (Real Madrid vs. Stade de Reims) and 1988 (PSV Eindhoven vs. S.L. Benfica).

Trivia

Name logo of Mercedes-Benz-Arena
Name logo of Mercedes-Benz-Arena

Sports other than football

The 1986 European Athletics Championships in which the hammer throw world record by Yuriy Sedykh was set, and the 1993 World Athletics Championships were held there, and the Daimler-Stadium was the host the IAAF World Athletics final from 2006 to 2008. The arena has also been the venue of several Eurobowl finals of American Football in the 1990s. The last athletics event took place in September 2008, after which the stadium underwent redevelopment in order to build a football-only arena.

Redevelopment

The redevelopment was announced along with the stadium's name change in late March 2008. The first computer images of the new arena were released at the same time, also showing a large cube with four video scoreboards above the centre circle, similar to the one in the Commerzbank-Arena in Frankfurt.[8]

Starting in 2009, the Mercedes-Benz Arena has been redeveloped into a football-specific stadium. New stands were constructed during the summer of 2011, with pitch level being lowered by 1.30 metres in time for the beginning of the 2009–10 season. After the interior redevelopment finished, the roof was expanded to cover all the new rows of the seats. The entire construction was completed by the end of 2011.[needs update]

Within the first couple of weeks of the redevelopment, 18 undetonated bombs left over from the air raids on Stuttgart during the Second World War were found on the construction site.[9]

International tournaments matches

All times local (CET)

1974 FIFA World Cup

Stuttgart hosted the following matches at the 1974 FIFA World Cup:

Date Time Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Spectators
15 June 1974 18:00  Poland 3–2  Argentina 1st round, Group 4 31,500
19 June 1974 19:30  Argentina 1–1  Italy 1st round, Group 4 68,900
23 June 1974 16:00  Poland 2–1  Italy 1st round, Group 4 68,900
26 June 1974 19:30  Sweden 0–1  Poland 2nd round, Group B 43,755

UEFA Euro 1988

These UEFA Euro 1988 matches were played in Stuttgart:

Date Time Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Spectators
12 June 1988 15:30  England 0–1  Republic of Ireland 1st round, Group B 51,573
22 June 1988 20:15  Soviet Union 2–0  Italy Semi-finals 61,606

2006 FIFA World Cup

The following games were played at the stadium during the 2006 FIFA World Cup:

Date Time Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
13 June 2006 18:00  France 0–0   Switzerland Group G 52,000
16 June 2006 18:00  Netherlands 2–1  Ivory Coast Group C 52,000
19 June 2006 21:00  Spain 3–1  Tunisia Group H 52,000
22 June 2006 21:00  Croatia 2–2  Australia Group F 52,000
25 June 2006 17:00  England 1–0  Ecuador Round of 16 52,000
8 July 2006 21:00  Germany 3–1  Portugal Third-place match 52,000

Concerts

Pink Floyd performed at the stadium on 25 June 1989 as part of their 1989 Another Lapse European Tour (A Momentary Lapse of Reason Tour).

Depeche Mode performed at the stadium on 3 June 2013 during their Delta Machine Tour, in front of a sold-out crowd of 36,225 people.

References

  1. ^ Mercedes-Benz Arena Stuttgart Archived 18 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine ASP Architekten Arat
  2. ^ Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion Fußball-Weltmeisterschaft 2006 Archived 18 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine ASP Architekten Arat
  3. ^ Parkhaus Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion Stuttgart Archived 18 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine ASP Architekten Arat
  4. ^ "Mercedes-Benz Arena – StadiumDB.com". stadiumdb.com. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  5. ^ Arsenal: Friendly against VfB Stuttgart announced Archived 18 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Mercedes-Benz Classic: November 1885: Daimler riding car travels from Cannstatt to Untertürkheim". Daimler. 25 October 2010. Archived from the original on 25 February 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  7. ^ "Mercedes-Benz Museum – how to find us" (PDF). Mercedes-Benz. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  8. ^ Groundwork set for stadium re-construction Archived 26 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Deutschland deine Stadien Archived 29 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine (in German) Weltfussball.de - Article on the redevelopment of football stadiums in Germany, accessed: 9 July 2009
Preceded by
Heysel Stadium
Brussels
European Cup
Final venue

1959
Succeeded by
Hampden Park
Glasgow
Preceded by
Praterstadion
Vienna
European Cup
Final venue

1988
Succeeded by
Camp Nou
Barcelona
Preceded by
National Stadium
Tokyo
IAAF World Championships in Athletics
Main venue

1993
Succeeded by
Ullevi
Gothenburg

Coordinates: 48°47′32.17″N 9°13′55.31″E / 48.7922694°N 9.2320306°E / 48.7922694; 9.2320306