Location in Rajasthan
|Elevation||312 m (1,024 ft)|
|• Culture Language - Rajasthani.|
|• Commonly Use - Marwadi, Hindi, English.|
Merta City is a city and a municipality located in Nagaur district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. Pin code of Merta is 341510. Famous personalities of Merta City are Meerabai, devotee of Lord Krishna.
As of 2001[update] India census, Merta City had a population of 40,252. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Merta City has an average literacy rate of 60%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 48%. About 16% of the population is under 6 years of age. Merta City is a holy city for Hindus as it is the birthplace of Meera Bai, the famous Devotee of Lord Krishna.
Merta was once a prosperous kingdom of the brave Mertiya Rathore Rajputs, the descendants of Rao Duda, Ruler of Merta (1495-1525 AD), fourth son of Rao Jodha, and grandfather of fabled saint Princess Mira Bai, daughter in law of Rana Sanga of Mewar.
Later, out of jealousy, during the reign of Rao Veeramdev, Merta was attacked by Rao Maldeo Rathore of Jodhpur, the head of the Rathore clan. Thereafter, Viramdev Mertiya established rule at Degana, Parbatsar and Ajmer respectively, but was dethroned again. Being highly demoralized, he took refuge at Amarsar, the Shekhawat capital and after a year persuaded Sur Emperor Sher Shah Suri to attack Jodhpur. When Sher Shah attacked Jodhpur in the Battle of Sammel. It is in this context, the Emperor said – Mutthi bhar bajre ke liye main dilli ki gaddi kho baithta, meaning 'I would have lost the throne of Delhi for a fistful of Pearl Millet (the Barren Land of Marwar).
One of the significant consequence of the war was regain of Merta-Estate throne by Rao Viramdev Mertiya, whose son, Rao Jaimal succeeded him and in tune with the traditions of the brave clan added four moons to the glory of Merta. Rao Jaimal (1544–1568 AD) was also the commander of Mewar where his cousin sister Mira Bai was married into the Sisodia Royal Family. As against submissive Jaipur, Jodhpur, Bikaner and various other Rajput Kingdoms, only Merta and Mewar refused to give daughters to Mughals. When Akbar attacked Mewar, with an army around 100,000 men, Rao Jaimal, the commander of Mewar, fought fiercely but was killed in battle. Merta-Estate was soon merged with Jodhpur State and 14 his sons were given small principalities nearby.and akbar give merta half-half to Rao Surtan Singh and Rao Keshavdas Mertiya sons of Rao Jaimal.merta was distributed in Jagirs and thikanas by independently Mertiya's like Riya, Budsu (7villages),Badu-Jagir(13villages) Mannano, Ladoli, Badnore-Jagir,Ghanerao Thikana. The same spirit was shown by many descendants of the Mertia Royal Family, including the Chiefs of Rian, Methri and Alniyawas who fought against the rebels of Kumpawat clan in the battle of Merta in 1790 AD and suffered mass annihilation. One of the scion of the family who rose to prominence during the reign of Padshah Aurangzeb was Maharaja Raghunath Singh Mertiya (1660–1683 AD), who conquered Maroth or Gaurawati and is ancestor of the rulers of Panch Mahal Maroth.
Rao jaimal In 1567, when Akbar encamped outside Chittorgarh, in hopes of conquering the fortress, the ruler of Mewar, Udai Singh II, was advised by his chieftains to shift to Gogunda, and left the fortress in charge of 8,000 soldiers and 1,000 musketeers, who were in command of Jaimal and Patta. Jaimal died in Chittorgarh on 22 February 1568 by a musket shot fired by Akbar himself. This turned the tide of battle in the Siege of Chittorgarh and the Rajputs' morale decreased. Jaimal's name is commonly mentioned with his partner leader of chittor, Patta. These two were given the command of the army when Udai Singh, along with the royal family, had to leave the fort and go to the hills. Their attempts to repulse the Mughal Emperor himself was such that Akbar himself ordered the construction of their statues outside his fort in Agra to honour their courage.
"At this time H.M.(Akbar) perceived that a person clothed in a cuirass known as the hazār mīkhī (thousand nails) which is a mark of chieftainship among them, came to the breach and superintended the proceedings. It was not known who he was. H.M. took his gun Sangrām, which is one of the special guns, and aimed it at him..... And in fact on the morning when the breeze of victory and dominion arose, it was ascertained that the Shāhinshāh's musket had reached Jaimal, the governor of the fort, and had at once destroyed both him and the fort." ~ The death of Jaimal, Akbarnama by Abu'l Fazl
His son, Ramdas Rathore went on to fight against the Mughals in the Battle of Haldighati, where he was slain and killed by Jagannath Kachhwa of Amer
Merta City is off the Jodhpur-Bathinda line but with a link. Merta City is middle point of Rajasthan, facilitating easy access.
1) 15 km away from Merta Road Railway Junction
2) 35 km away from Butati Dham
3) 60 km Away from Pushkar
4) 80 km away from Ajmer
5) 120 km away from Jodhpur
6) 250 km away from Jaipur (capital)