Mervyn Johns
1944TheHalfwayHouseMervynJohns.jpg
Johns in The Halfway House (1944)
Born
David Mervyn John

(1899-02-18)18 February 1899
Died6 September 1992(1992-09-06) (aged 93)
EducationLlandovery College
Royal Academy of Dramatic Art
OccupationActor
Years active1923–1979
Spouse(s)
Alyce Steel
(m. 1922; died 1970)

(m. 1976)
ChildrenGlynis Johns
Relatives
Signature
MervynJohnsSignature.png

Mervyn Johns (born David Mervyn John; 18 February 1899 – 6 September 1992) was a Welsh stage, film and television character actor who became a star of British films during the Second World War. Johns was known for his "mostly mild-mannered, lugubrious, amusing, sometimes moving ‘little men’" in over 100 films and television series.[1]

After training in Camden and Primrose Hill, Johns began his career in repertory theatre in 1923. He made his screen debut with Lady in Danger in 1934 and went on to become an indelible part of British wartime cinema, with starring roles in such films as Saloon Bar (1940), The Next of Kin (1942), Went the Day Well? (1942), The Halfway House (1944), Twilight Hour (1945), and Dead of Night (1945). In the postwar era, he worked regularly at Ealing Studios, first with starring roles in such films as They Knew Mr. Knight (1946), The Captive Heart (1946), Captain Boycott (1947), and Easy Money (1948), and later guest appearances on televised plays and anthology series, including his final role in BBC One's 1979 detective fiction drama series Shoestring as the Reverend James Appleby.

Johns was the father of acclaimed actress Glynis Johns, and thus the grandfather of actor Gareth Forwood.

Early life

David Mervyn John was born on 18 February 1899 in Pembroke, Wales.[1] The John family owned Glan Morlais Uchaf, a farm, and the surrounding land near Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire.[2] Johns was the brother of Oxonian academic Howard Johns, who became the rector of Pusey and Weston-on-the-Green,[3] and an uncle of judge John Geoffrey Jones.

Due to its growing reputation, Johns' parents enrolled him at Llandovery College,[4] where his elder brother Howard had studied and which Sir James Williams-Drummond, 4th Baronet Hawthornden had described as the "Eton of Wales" a few years previously.[5] Upon leaving, Johns initially wanted to become a doctor of medicine and so attended London Hospital, where he trained as a medical student. While there, he met concert pianist Alyce Steel (born Alice Maude Steele-Wareham), who was studying at the Royal Academy of Music. She persuaded him to pursue a career in drama and on her advice, he enrolled at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. They married on 17 November 1922 in St Giles, London, and began touring with her family's theatre company. While touring South Africa on 23 October 1923, their only child Glynis Margaret Payne Johns was born; she would later become the fourth generation in her mother's family to act on stage.[6] They returned to the United Kingdom and Johns re-enrolled at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, where he graduated in 1924 with a gold medal.[1]

Career

Interwar

Johns made his stage debut while he and his first wife, Alice Steel, were touring South Africa in 1923. He had various roles in West End productions throughout the 1920s following his graduation from the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) in 1924. Beginning on 24 January 1926, he portrayed Mr Mingan in Allan Monkhouse's play Sons and Fathers with RADA. From 1931 to 1932, Johns starred in two productions at the Little Theatre in Bristol: When Knights Were Bold by Charles Marlowe and A Cup of Kindness by Ben Travers; at the same theatre from 16 to 21 October 1932, he played Mr Blanquet in John Drinkwater's comedy Bird In Hand. From 1932 to 1933, he starred in two more productions at Bristol's Little Theatre: The Rivals by Richard Brinsley Sheridan and Saint Joan by George Bernard Shaw. Following this, he played the Magistrate's Clerk in Walter Hackett's Hyde Park Corner from 5 October 1934 to 11 April 1935 at the Apollo Theatre in London, the same year as the eponymous film.[7]

Johns made his screen debut in 1934 as the reporter in Ben Travers' comedy thriller Lady in Danger, going on to play Hemp in David MacDonald's 1937 crime film The Last Curtain, Sir Wilfred Lucas in the 1938 TV Movie adaptation of Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice, and Percival Clicker in Oswald Mitchell's 1938 comedy film Almost a Gentleman.

In 1936, he starred as Sir John Brute alongside Kulia Crawley and Marda Vanne in an Embassy Theatre production of Sir John Vanbrugh's The Provoked Wife,[8] prompting the renowned theatre critic and newspaper journalist James Agate (styled "the best judge of acting of the day") to remark that his acting was "blazingly good" and his role a "magnificent performance which would have warmed the heart's cockles of the old playgoers", saying that "in this actor's hands, Sir John is a brute indeed, not a pewling mooncalf, but a roaring bull. Mr Johns lets us see the pleasure he is taking in the fellow's brutish gusto. There are actors who could make the man as unbearable to an audience as he was to his own circle. Mr Johns, by lifting a corner of the brute's mind to show us his own, is right with Garrick."[1][7]

Two years later, Johns was cast in Ivor Novello's play Comedienne (directed by Murray Macdonald), at the Aldwych Theatre in London. From 26 August 1937 to 12 March 1938, he played Ernest Beevers in J. P. Mitchelhill's adaptation of the J. B. Priestley time play Time and the Conways at the Duchess Theatre in London, and from 17 February to 17 June 1939, he played Sir Patrick Cullen in The Doctor’s Dilemma at the London Mask Theatre, Westminster Theatre and Whitehall Theatre.[7]

Johns' final film role of the interwar era was as Thomas in the 1939 British adventure thriller film Jamaica Inn, directed by Alfred Hitchcock.

Second World War

Johns in The Duke in Darkness (1942-43)
Johns in The Duke in Darkness (1942-43)

The Second World War ushered in a new era for British theatre and cinema. Johns avoided conscription, and thus began his typecasting in various roles, though most often as the quirky yet dignified "frightened men" described by Adam Benedick.[1] Among his dozens of film roles were the ultracrepidarian Charlie Wickers in the thriller film Saloon Bar (1940), the determined Agent 23 (Mr Arthur Davis) in the Second World War propaganda film The Next of Kin (1942), the church warden Charlie Sims in the war film Went the Day Well? (1942), the homicidal maniac Arthur Grimshaw in the black-and-white comedy farce My Learned Friend (1943), the proprietor Rhys in the drama film The Halfway House (1944), and Major John Roberts in the drama film Twilight Hour (1945). Commenting on his role as the fearful architect Walter Craig in the 1945 mystery film Dead of Night, The Independent's Adam Benedick describes his approach as having a "masterly touch".[1]

Of Johns' stage work, Benedick writes that he "showed a relish for Restoration comedy, but was also rated a ‘quintessential’ Priestley and Shavian actor in such shows as... Heartbreak House (1943), in which he replaced Robert Donat as Captain Shotover, and as Dolittle in Pygmalion (1947)"; his work of the prewar era was just the same.[1] Less well-known are his roles in Frank Harvey's play Saloon Bar from 15 November 1939 to 30 March 1940 at Wyndham’s Theatre in London, Ken Attiwill and Evadne Price's play Once a Crook as Hallelujah Harry from 3 June 1940 to 12 July 1941, and Patrick Hamilton's play The Duke in Darkness from 1942 to 1943 at the Bristol Hippodrome.[7]

Postwar

Following the end of the Second World War on 4 September 1945, Johns continued to be cast in leading roles. In Robert Hamer's 1945 crime drama film Pink String and Sealing Wax, he played the "unexpectedly severe" Mr. Edward Sutton;[9] in Norman Walker's 1946 drama film They Knew Mr. Knight, he played the main protagonist Tom Blake (playing to his "fretful features");[10] in Paul L. Stein's 1948 thriller film Counterblast, he played Doctor Bruckner "in splendid villainous mode".[11] His supporting roles in this era included playing Ernest Bennett in Ralph Thomas' romantic comedy film Helter Skelter, and Cratchit in Brian Desmond Hurst's 1951 Christmas fantasy drama film adaptation of Charles Dickens's A Christmas Carol, with Alastair Sim as the cantankerous title character and miser.

On stage, he appeared in Erskine Caldwell and Jack Kirkland's production of Tobacco Road at the West End in 1949, Michael Norbury's play Love’s a Funny Thing from 10 to 12 March 1949 at The Ambassadors Theatre in London, Harold Martin's play The Martins’ Nest from 12 April to 12 May 1951 at the Westminster Theatre in London, James Forsyth's play Fulbert as the uncle and guardian of Heloise beginning on 14 November 1951 at the Duke of York's Theatre in London, and Eric Linklater's play The Mortimer Touch as Shurie from 30 April to 7 June 1952 at the same theatre.[7]

Though he had appeared in several television films, Johns made his television series debut relatively late when he was cast as Harold Simpson in the episode The Happy Sunday Afternoon of BBC Sunday Night Theatre in 1950. On the same show, he was given the role of Albert Eccles in the 1954 episode Caste, Samuel Pepys in the 1954 episode Ninety Sail, Rough in the 1957 episode Gaslight, and His Excellency the Governor in the 1957 episode His Excellency. In 1956, Johns was given the lead role of J. Philimore Sparkes in six episodes of the television series New Ramps For Old, in which he was cast alongside Harry H. Corbett and Colin Tapley, who played Kegworthy and Detective Inspector Welsh respectively. Following this, he was given the lead role of Lawrence Todhunter in six episodes of the television series Leave It to Todhunter in 1958. He is remembered for standout roles as Arthur Charles Parfitt and Edward Lumsden in five episodes of the courtroom drama television series Crown Court alongside his grandson, actor Gareth Forwood, from 1973 to 1975.

Public image

Johns is recurrently hailed as one of Ealing Studios' most prolific actors. In his book Realism and Tinsel: Cinema and Society in Britain 1939-48, Robert Murphy describes Johns as a "mainstay of so many Ealing films".[12] In September 2022, he was named the 40th most popular Welsh actor of all time, after being absent from public attention for almost fifty years and dead for thirty.[13]

Personal life

Johns married twice. His first wife was the concert pianist Alice Maude Steele-Wareham, whom he married on 17 November 1927 in Saint Giles, London, and with whom he had his only child, the actress Glynis Johns, while on tour in Pretoria, South Africa. He and Glynis appeared together in two drama films: The Halfway House in 1944 and The Sundowners in 1960. After Alice's death on 1 September 1971, he married the actress Diana Churchill on 4 December 1976 in Hillingdon, London. He predeceased her by two years, dying on 6 September 1992 in Northwood, London.

Filmography

Film

Year Title Role Notes
1934 Lady in Danger Reporter Film debut
1935 The Guv'nor Bank Director
Foreign Affaires Courtroom interpreter
1936 Pot Luck Night Watchman
In the Soup Meakin
Everything Is Thunder Karl - Waiter
Dishonour Bright French Postcard Seller
1937 Song of the Forge
Storm in a Teacup Court Bailiff
Night Ride Trapped Miner
The Last Curtain Hemp
1938 Pride and Prejudice Sir Wilfred Lucas Television film
Almost a Gentleman Percival Clicker
1939 Jamaica Inn Thomas
1940 The Midas Touch
Convoy
Girl in the News James Fetherwood
Saloon Bar Charlie Wickers
1942 The Next of Kin No 23: Mr Davis
The Foreman Went to France Passport Official
Went the Day Well? Charlie Sims
1943 The Bells Go Down Sam
My Learned Friend Arthur Grimshaw
San Demetrio London Greaser John Boyle
1944 The Halfway House Rhys
1945 Twilight Hour Major John Roberts
Dead of Night Walter Craig
Pink String and Sealing Wax Mr. Sutton
1946 They Knew Mr. Knight Tom Blake
The Captive Heart Evans
1947 Captain Boycott Watty Connell
1948 Easy Money Herbert Atkins
Counterblast Dr. Bruckner the Beast of Ravensbruck
Quartet Samuel Sunbury Segment: The Kite
1949 Edward, My Son Harry Sempkin
Helter Skelter Ernest Bennett
Diamond City Hart
1950 Tony Draws a Horse Alfred Parsons
1951 Scrooge Bob Cratchit
The Magic Box Goitz
1952 The Tall Headlines Uncle Ted
1953 The Oracle Tom Mitchum
Valley of Song Minister Griffiths
The Master of Ballantrae MacKellar
1954 Romeo and Juliet Friar Laurence
1955 The Blue Peter Captain Snow
1956 1984 Jones
The Intimate Stranger Ernest Chaple
Moby Dick Peleg
Find the Lady Hurst
1957 The Counterfeit Plan Louie Bernard
Doctor at Large Smith
A Tale of Two Cities Mr. Jarvis Lorry Television film
The Vicious Circle Dr. George Kimber
The Surgeon's Knife Mr. Waring
1958 The Gypsy and the Gentleman Brook
1959 The Devil's Disciple Rev. Maindeck Parshotter
Danger List Mr. Ellis
1960 Once More, with Feeling! Mr. Wilbur Jr.
Never Let Go Alfie Barnes
The Sundowners Jack Patchogue, Mayor of Cawndilla
1961 No Love for Johnnie Charlie Young
The Rebel Manager of Art Gallery, London
Francis of Assisi Brother Juniper
1962 The Keep Ben Morton Television film
1963 The Day of the Triffids Mr. Coker
55 Days at Peking Clergyman
80,000 Suspects Buckridge
The Old Dark House Potiphar Femm
The Victors Dennis
1964 A Jolly Bad Fellow Willie Pugh-Smith
1965 The Heroes of Telemark Col. Wilkinson
1966 Who Killed the Cat? Henry Fawcett
1973 The National Health Rees
Thinking Man As Hero Lord Beale
1976 House of Mortal Sin Father Duggan Final film

Television

Year Title Role Episode number Notes
1950–1957 BBC Sunday Night Theatre Harold Simpson / Albert Eccles / Samuel Pepys / Rough / His Excellency, the Governor 5 epsiodes Television debut
1955–1961 ITV Television Playhouse Walter Turnbull / Wickers / Jan Konigsveldt / Jack Wilson / Frank Davidson / Sylvan Humphreys 7 episodes
1956 New Ramps for Old J. Philimore Sparkes 6 episodes
1956–1964 ITV Play of the Week Caspar Darde / Rev. Arthur Mottram / Doctor Evans / Eli 4 episodes
1957 A Tale of Two Cities Mr. Jarvis Lorry 7 episodes
1958 White Hunter Mr. Doak 2 episodes
Leave It to Todhunter Lawrence Todhunter 6 episodes
1959 Knight Errant Limited Harry Smith 1 episode
1960 Boyd Q.C. John Parsons 1 episode
1962 Probation Officer Mr. Todd 1 episode
Maigret Inspector Fumel 1 episode
1963 The Third Man Geoffrey Ormsby 1 episode
1964 Detective Father Brown 1 episode
No Hiding Place Alf Turnball 1 episode
Danger Man Armstrong 1 episode
1965 The Sullavan Brothers Benjamin Greenfield 1 episode
Knock on Any Door Mr. Prubright 1 episode
The Avengers Brandon Storey 1 episode
1965–1966 Pardon the Expression Jacob Elijah Burgess / Jeb 2 episodes
1966 The Saint Doctor Davis 1 episode
1972 Kate Mr. Norris 1 episode
The Adventurer Franz Kolmar 1 episode
Dixon of Dock Green Mr. Farmer 1 episode
The Strauss Family Doctor Sarner 1 episode TV Mini Series
1973 The Adventures of Black Beauty Silas Surtees 1 episode
1973–1975 Crown Court Edward Lumsden / Arthur Charles Parfitt 5 episodes
1974 QB VII Mr. Evans 1 episode TV Mini Series
1977 The New Avengers Elderly man 1 episode
Kilvert's Diary James Jones 1 episode
1979 Shoestring Reverend James Appleby 1 episode

Theatre

Year Title Role Location
1926 Sons and Fathers by Allan Monkhouse Mr Mingan Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, London
1931–1932 The Ghost Train Little Theatre, Bristol
When Knights Were Bold Little Theatre, Bristol
A Cup of Kindness Little Theatre, Bristol
1932 Bird In Hand Mr Blanquet Little Theatre, Bristol
1932–1933 The Rivals Little Theatre, Bristol
Saint Joan Little Theatre, Bristol
1934–1935 Hyde Park Corner Magistrate's Clerk Apollo Theatre, London
1937–1938 Time and the Conways Ernest Beevers Duchess Theatre, London
1938 Comedienne Aldwych Theatre, London
1939 The Doctor's Dilemma Sir Patrick Cullen Westminster Theatre, London / Whitehall Theatre, London
1939–1940 Saloon Bar Wyndham's Theatre, London
1940–1941 Once a Crook Hallelujah Harry Aldwych Theatre, London / New Theatre, London
1942–1943 The Duke in Darkness Bristol Hippodrome
1943 Heartbreak House Captain Shotover Cambridge Theatre, London
1949 Tobacco Road Embassy Theatre, London / Royal Central School of Speech and Drama / Playhouse Theatre, London
Love’s a Funny Thing Michael Norbury Ambassadors Theatre, London
1951 The Martins’ Nest Harold Martin Westminster Theatre, London
Heloise Fulbert Duke of York's Theatre, London
1952 The Mortimer Touch Shurie Duke of York's Theatre, London
1961 The Keep Ben Morton Royal Court Theatre, London
1964–1965 Heirs and Graces Theatre Royal, Bath
1971–1972 A Christmas Carol Bob Cratchit Theatre Royal, Brighton

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Benedick, Adam (12 September 1992). "Obituary: Mervyn Johns". The Independent. Archived from the original on 12 May 2022. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  2. ^ Actress, Glynis (24 October 2022). "Glynis Johns Actress". TV Seans. tvseans. Retrieved 24 October 2022. farm Glanmorlais Uchaf
  3. ^ The Rev. Gareth Miller (5 September 2021). "The Akeman Benefice September 2021" (PDF). Retrieved 30 September 2022.
  4. ^ "The Auxiliaries - Mervyn Johns".[self-published source]
  5. ^ "Our Public Schools". Evening Express and Evening Mail. Cardiff, Wales. 30 July 1902. Retrieved 23 November 2022.
  6. ^ "The Life Story of Glynis Johns". The Voice. Tasmania. 20 September 1952. Retrieved 19 October 2022.
  7. ^ a b c d e Johns, Mervyn (January 1972). "Mervyn Johns". Theatricalia. Matthew Somerville. Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  8. ^ Mervyn Johns in The Provoked Wife "MERVYN JOHNS, JULIA CRAWLEY, MARDA VANNE"[1][2]
  9. ^ Sutton, In (2022). "Pink String and Sealing Wax". Radio Times. United Kingdom. Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  10. ^ features, in (2022). "They Knew Mr Knight". Radio Times. United Kingdom. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  11. ^ Projecting the Archive: Counterblast
  12. ^ films, Johns (2 September 2003). Realism and Tinsel: Cinema and Society in Britain 1939-48. United Kingdom: Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9781134901494.
  13. ^ Entoin, 14 September 2022