Meshchera
Native speakers
0
Language codes
ISO 639-3

Meshchera is an extinct Uralic language, it was either a Mordovin or a Permic language.[1][2] Pauli Rahkonen has suggested on the basis of toponymic evidence that it was a Permic or closely related language.[3] Rahkonen's speculation has been criticized by Vladimir Napolskikh.[4] Meshchera was spoken around the left black of the Middle Oka. Some Meshchera speaking people possibly assimilated into Mishar Tatars.[3] However this theory is disputed.[5]

The first Russian written source which mentions them is the Tolkovaya Paleya, from the 13th century. They are also mentioned in several later Russian chronicles from the period before the 16th century

Reconstruction

Some words have been reconstructed from Meschera based on toponymic data, for example: Meschera hydronymic stems Un-, Ič-, ul and Vil-, which can be compared to Udmurt uno 'big', iči 'little', vi̮l 'upper' and ulo 'lower'.[6]

See also

Meryans

Meryan language

Volga Finns

References

  1. ^ "Meshcherian". MultiTree. 2009-06-22. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
  2. ^ Aikio, Ante (2012). "An essay on Saami ethnolinguistic prehistory" (PDF). Mémoires de la Société Finno-Ougrienne. Helsinki, Finland: Finno-Ugrian Society. 266: 63–117. Retrieved 5 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b Rahkonen, Pauli (2009), "The Linguistic Background of the Ancient Meshchera Tribe and Principal Areas of Settlement", Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen, 60, ISSN 0355-1253
  4. ^ "Вопросы Владимиру Напольских-2. Uralistica". Forum.molgen.org. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
  5. ^ M. Z. Zekiyev Mişerler, Başkurtlar ve dilleri / Mishers, Bashkirs and their languages Archived 2014-04-08 at the Wayback Machine. In Türkiyat Araştırmaları Dergisi 73–86 (in Turkish)
  6. ^ https://helda.helsinki.fi/bitstream/handle/10138/38908/southeas.pdf