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The Metro Manila Dream Plan, formally titled the Roadmap for Transport Infrastructure Development for Metro Manila and Its Surrounding Areas,[1][2] refers to a 2014 integrated plan for improving the transport system[3][4] in Metro Manila, Philippines, with the hope of turning it into a focal point for addressing Metro Manila's interlinked problems in the areas of transportation, land use, and environment.[2][5]

The Metro Manila Dream Plan is short- to long-term strategy (2016, 2020, and 2030 milestones) whose objective is to formulate a transportation infrastructure roadmap for the sustainable development of Metro Manila and its surrounding areas Regions III and IV-A (also known as "Mega Manila" or "Greater Metro Manila"). Under President Benigno Aquino III's leadership of the National Economic Development Authority (NEDA), the study was done from 2013 to 2014 with a grant from the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in cooperation with the Department of Transportation and Communication (DOTC), Department of Public Works & Highways (DPWH), Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA), the private sector and various organizations. The masterplan was approved by President Aquino III in September 2014.[6][7]

Strategies and goals

Problems to be addressed

The Dream Plan identified three interrelated problems development in Metro Manila would have to address:[1][2][4]

Core philosophies

The Dream Plan identifies three core philosophies, which it expresses as: sector integration; spatial integration; and institutional integration.[1]

Sector integration refers to an approach that views various problematic aspects of Metro Manila's urban development as interrelated, and addressing them as such. The plan identifies critical sectors as traffic flow, settlement in hazardous areas, and overpopulation, and thus it seeks integrated approaches for "accommodat[ing] people in need of affordable housing free from hazard risks and traffic congestion."[1]

Spatial integration refers to an approach that expands the search for solutions to Metro Manila's problems to integrate areas outside its current boundaries - looking towards creating new centers of urban growth and linking them efficiently, allowing for the management of population growth and urban expansion in a sustainable manner. Specifically, the dream plan seeks to create new growth areas in Central Luzon, with the new Clark Green City at its core, and Calabarzon, with the Batangas and Lucena port areas as core focal points.[1]

Finally, institutional integration, refers to the need for strengthen and coordinate actions among local government units and regions.[1]

Objectives, or "Five Nos"

The Dream Plan expresses its goals in terms of five key problems which it aims to definitively address, which it calls "5 Nos":[1][2]

Regional Integration Strategy

A significant philosophical approach of the Dream Plan is to redirect the Manila-centered spatial orientation of the metropolitan area and turn it into a network of carefully planned urban centers arranged on a north–south axis.[1] This hopes to correct the current radial pattern of metropolitan development, which encourages settlement in the high flood-risk zones on the east and west and in the high quake-risk zones on the east of the present metropolis.[2]

Specifically, this means[1]

All this would have to be connected via highly efficient transport backbones - envisioned by the dream plan as a "ladder form" structure, which would overlay high capacity expressway and railway networks over the existing radial-circumferential highway system of the current metropolitan area.[1]

Greater Capital Region

This strategy expands the metropolitan area into what the plan refers to as a "Greater Capital Region" (GCR), which would incorporate the present National Capital Region (NCR), Region III (Central Luzon), and Region IV-A (Calabarzon).[4]

Controlled creation of new urban centers

Instead of being centered solely on the City of Manila, the Dream Plan proposes that the new system move towards new centers of economic growth connected via an efficient high capacity high quality transport backbone. This would be defined by five growth center clusters: The existing Metro Manila cluster, a North Regional Growth Center based on gateway sea and airports in Region III, a South Regional Growth Center based on gateway seaports in Region IV-A, a two sub-regional growth centers to the immediate north and immediate south of the Manila cluster, respectively.[1]

Metro Manila

The Metro Manila cluster would be formed by the existing NCR,[1] plus nearby urban centers such as Antipolo, Bacoor, and Imus.[2] Efforts in this particular cluster would focus on inner city redevelopment or revitalization, and the rehabilitation of disaster prone areas.[2]

North Regional Growth Center (Subic-Clark-Tarlac)

The North Regional Growth Center cluster would be formed primarily by the Subic-Clark-Tarlac urban areas to the west,[1] and then secondarily by urban centers of Cabanatuan and Gapan to the east.[1]

Development in this cluster would be centered on the new Clark Green City, the gateway seaport at Subic, and the Clark airport. Additional urban centers identified in this cluster include Tarlac City in Tarlac, San Fernando and Lubao in Pampanga, Cabanatuan and Gapan in Nueva Ecija.[2]

South Regional Growth Center Region (Batangas and Lucena)

The South Regional Growth Center cluster would be formed by the urban centers of Batangas City and Lucena.[1]

Development in this cluster would be centered on gateway seaports at Batangas and Lucena. Additional urban centers identified in this cluster include Lipa and Tanauan in Batangas, and Tayabas in Quezon.[2]

North Sub-regional Growth Center (Bulacan)

The North Sub-regional Growth Center cluster would be formed by new urban development in Bulacan.[1]

Development efforts in this area would be focused on planned urban expansion in the form of affordable housing for informal settlers.[2] Malolos is projected to be the major urban core area in the Bulacan Sub-regional Growth Center, with other identified urban centers including Baliuag, San Jose del Monte, and Meycauayan.[2]

South Sub-regional Growth Center (Cavite-Laguna)

The South Sub-regional Growth Center cluster would be formed by new urban development[1] in Cavite, Laguna, and some parts of Batangas.[2]

Development efforts in this area would be focused on planned urban expansion in the form of affordable housing for informal settlers.[2] Calamba is projected to be the major urban core area in this sub-regional growth cluster, with other identified urban centers including San Pedro, Sta. Rosa, Biñan, Cabuyao, and San Pablo in Laguna, and Trece Martires and Tagaytay in Cavite.[2]

Development of new gateway ports

Subic, Batangas, and Lucena Seaports

When the transport backbones are in place, the dream plan calls for the cargo-handling function of Metro Manila's ports to be shifted to Subic and Batangas,[1] which would be achieved by limiting the future expansion of the existing Manila ports and then providing incentives for shipping companies to use the Subic and Batangas ports. The dream plan also calls for the expansion of the Lucena seaport, complementing the load of the Batangas seaport.

NAIA, Clark, and New NAIA Airports

The dream plan also proposes the development of two new gateway airports[1] - one in Clark which would serve as a gateway airport for the central and northern cluster, and a "New NAIA" which would be based outside of the existing urban area.

Before this "New NAIA" is in place, it proposes the improvement of the existing NAIA and the utilization of the Sangley point Runway. It also suggests the improvement of Clark, which would serve as an alternative to NAIA.[1]

Once the New NAIA is in place, it suggests that the current NAIA could be converted into a new central business district.[1]

Reorienting Mega Manila's road network structure

Evolving from a plan first developed in the late 1970s,[2] Metro Manila's transport system currently follows a radial-circumferential system, with the City of Manila at its center and with Circumferential Road 5 (C-5) and Circumferential Road 6 (C-6) at its outer boundaries.[1] The Dream Plan takes the existing radial-circumferential system and proposes a ladder-form structure connecting the existing urban core with new urban centers along a north–south axis.[4]

Existing Radial-Circumferential System

The plan calls for the rehabilitation of the existing radial-circumferential system, and the completion of links in that system which for different reasons have never been built. Connections in need of completion most notably include the Pasig River connections of C3 and the southern linkages of C5 towards Cavite and the South Skyway. Major renovations most notably include those on EDSA.

Connector expressways as a north-south transport backbone

The plan also calls for a transport backbone in the form of intra-city expressways that would connect NLEx with SLEx, decongesting traffic on non-toll highways in the existing metropolitan area by allowing north–south travel without having to pass through Manila streets, and by creating alternative routes for travelers who are willing to pay for faster flow of traffic. Also critical is the connection these expressways would create between the new gateway ports of the North and South Regional Growth centers proposed by the plan.[2]

Suburban railways as a north-south transport backbone

The plan also calls for a transport backbone in the form of suburban railways, which would become the primary connector between Regional Growth Centers (Metro Manila, North, and South) and the Sub-Regional Growth Centers defined by peri-urban development north and south of Manila.

2030 Dream Plan Main Components

The plan is organized into five components:[1][2][4] at-grade urban roads; main roads/expressways network; urban and suburban rail network; road-based public transport; and traffic management strengthening.

At-grade urban roads

The at-grade roads component of the dream plan calls for the systematic expansion of Manila's main roads network, including:[2][4]

Toll Expressways

The plan defines[5] highways as the "main roads" that facilitate travel within the metro for the majority of residents, and distinguishes them from "Expressways", which will charge a toll.[1]

The plan intends for these toll expressways to decongest traffic on the main roads by providing an option to those road users willing to pay a toll fee in exchange for faster travel time.[4]

The plan calls for the construction of 426 km of Intercity expressway, and 78 km of Urban expressway.[2]

Urban/Suburban Rail

The plan calls for the expansion of Manila's urban and suburban rail network.[4]

It proposes[2] a 246 km main rail network consisting of 6 lines, and a 72 km secondary rail network made up of 5 lines.

Another important aspect of this component of the dream plan is integrated lines and improved accessibility.[2]

Prominent projects under this component include:[1]

North-South Commuter Rail (Clark-Calamba)

Main article: North–South Commuter Railway

The North-South Commuter Rail proposed by the dream plan will be a 180 km (110 mi) railway line with high capacity trains serving a route initially from Malolos City, Bulacan in Central Luzon to Calamba City, Laguna, in Calabarzon.[2] The Northern segment of the commuter rail is subdivided into two phases which are PNR North 1 or Tutuban-Malolos and PNR North 2 or Malolos-Clark.[2]

The plan calls for the rail to have no level crossings at main roads, and for at-grade freight long-haul trains be developed beneath the elevated railway.[2] It is expected that the creation of this rail line will promote urban growth along a north–south axis, further promoting the development of the North and South Regional Growth Centers.[2]

Metro Manila Subway (Mindanao Avenue NLEX – Taguig ITX - NAIA)

Main article: Metro Manila Subway Line 9

The Metro Manila Subway proposed by the dream plan will be a 58 km subway which will serve as a second north–south mass transit backbone for the newly expanded Greater Capital Region.[2]

Since its path hews close to much of EDSA, it is expected to dramatically improve mobility and accessibility along that critical route.[2] It is also expected that the creation of this subway line will promote urban growth along a north–south axis, further promoting the development of the North and South Regional Growth Centers.[2]

A preliminary study for the Metro Manila Subway was done during the course of the main Roadmap Study from 2013 to 2014, and the DPWH has announced that it expects to complete a master plan for the subway within 2015.[8]

The first 25-kilometer railway will have 12 stations, namely, Mindanao Avenue (Baesa area), Tandang Sora, North Avenue, Quezon Avenue, Anonas, Katipunan, Ortigas North, Ortigas South, Kalayaan Avenue, Bonifacio Global City, FTI and NAIA.[9]

Road-based public transport

The "road-based public transport" component of the dream plan concerns itself mostly with Buses and Jeepneys. It proposes:[2]

Traffic management

The traffic management component of the dream plan calls for[1] the modernization of:

It also calls for the use of Intelligent Transport Services (ITS) such as Mobile navigation systems for commuters, Multi-story parking facilities, Park & Ride Facilities at rail stations, Community Use Bicycle Sharing, and so on.[2]

Short Term Program (2014-2016)

At-grade urban roads network

Projects under the short-term program (2014-2016) of the dream plan's at-grade urban roads component include highways and secondary urban roads. A number of the projects identified in the short-term program were actually already ongoing when the plan was approved by the NEDA, having already previously been identified as critical infrastructure projects.[4]

Highways

Region Project Construction Status Operational Ref.
NCR Metro Manila Skybridge Proposed
EDSA Rehabilitation Ongoing
EDSA-Taft-Roxas Boulevard Flyover Proposed
Bonifacio Global CityOrtigas Center Link Road Santa Monica–Lawton Bridge (Phase 1) 2018–21 Completed June 12, 2021 [10]
Lawton-BGC Viaduct (Phase 2A) 2018–21 Completed September 30, 2021
Skyway-C-5 link Proposed
C-5 Southlink Expressway 2016–22 Under-construction 2022
Metro Manila Interchange Project EDSA-North Avenue-West Avenue-Mindanao Avenue Interchange Proposed
Circumferential Road 5 (C-5)-Greenmeadows-Calle Industria-Eastwood Interchange Proposed
EDSA-Roosevelt Avenue-Congressional Avenue Interchange Proposed
Region 3 Plaridel Bypass Road (Package 3 and 4) 2014–20 Completed December 2020

Other Roads

Toll Expressway Network

Projects under the short-term program (2014-2016) of the dream plan's expressways include:[4]

Region Project Construction Status Operational Ref.
Region 3 Central Luzon Link Expressway Phase I 2017–21 Completed July 15, 2021
NCR NLEX Segment 8.2 Proposed
NLEX-SLEX Connector Roads NLEX-SLEX Connector Road 2019–22 Under-construction March 2022
NLEX Harbor Link (Segment 9 and 10) 2014–20 Completed June 15, 2020
Metro Manila Skyway Stage 3 2014–21 Completed January 15, 2021
NAIA Expressway Phase 2 2014–16 Completed September 22, 2016
Laguna de Bay Laguna Lakeshore Expressway Dike Proposed
Region IV-A Muntinlupa–Cavite Expressway Completed July 24, 2015
Cavite–Laguna Expressway Stages 1 and 2 2017–2023 Under-construction
Calamba–Los Baños Expressway Proposed
Southern Tagalog Arterial Road (STAR) Tollway Redevelopment 2013–2015 Completed 2015

Urban and suburban rail network

Project Construction Status Operational Ref.
LRT Line 1 South Extension (Phase 1) 2019–22 Under-construction 2022
LRT Line 6 (LRT Line 1 South Extension Phase 2) Proposed
LRT Line 2 East Extension Project 2015–21 Completed July 1, 2021
LRT Line 2 West Extension Project 2021–2024 Proposed 2024
MRT Line 3 Capacity Expansion Project 2016– Ongoing
MRT Line 7 2017–22 Under-construction 2022
Automated Fare Collection System 2015 Completed December 16, 2015
LRT Line 1 Rehabilitation 2011–26 Ongoing 2026
LRT Line 2 Rehabilitation 2011–26 Ongoing 2026
MRT Line 3 Rehabilitation 2019–22 Completed March 2022
PNR North–South Commuter Railway (NSCR) 2019–25 Under-construction 2025
MRT Line 9 (Metro Manila Subway) 2019–25 Under-construction 2025

It also calls for a "Metro Manila Central Business District Transit System Study."

Road-based public transport network

Projects under the short-term program (2014-2016) of the dream plan's road-based public transport component include:[4]

Traffic management strengthening

Specific aspects to be improved under the short-term program (2014-2016) of the dream plan's traffic management strengthening component include intersection capacity, traffic control centers, pedestrian crossings, intelligent parking, incident detection, signal control systems, travel time prediction, road maintenance schedule and monitoring, transport priority, bus schedule assistance.[4]

The plan recommends a comprehensive traffic management study to cover these interconnected aspects of traffic management.[4]

Action Plan for Gateway Seaports and Airports

The dream plan also includes[2] a short term action plan for the development of seaports and airports, which includes:

JICA Study

The original study which came up with the dream plan was conducted by JICA at the request of the NEDA and was conducted from March 2013 to March 2014. Stakeholders consulted included the NEDA, the DPWH, the DOTC, the MMDA, and the Private Sector, among others.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa (The Philippines) MEGA MANILA INFRASTRUCTURE ROADMAP (Long Ver.). JICAChannel02: The Official Global Channel of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Republic of the Philippines National Economic Development Authority (NEDA). June 10, 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Main Points of the Roadmap (PDF) (Report). Japan International Cooperation Agency. September 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-10-11.
  3. ^ "Philippines Government Adopts Manila Transport Plan Based on JICA Study:Plan aims to cut traffic congestion, air pollution and excessive burden on the poor" (Press release). Japan International Cooperation Agency. September 25, 2014. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m The Dream Plan for Mega Manila 2013. Japan International Cooperation Agency; Republic of the Philippines National Economic Development Authority; Department of Transportation and Communications; Department of Public Works and Highways; Metro Manila Development Authority. June 24, 2014.
  5. ^ Dela Paz, C. J. V. (September 2, 2014). "Plan seeks to untangle gridlock". Business World. New Manila, Quezon City, Philippines: BusinessWorld Publishing Corporation. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
  6. ^ Main Points of the Roadmap (PDF) (Report). Japan International Cooperation Agency. September 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2021-06-24.
  7. ^ "Gov't OKs JICA 'dream plan' to reduce traffic: Traffic seen to worsen by 2030". ABS-CBNnews.com. Quezon City, Philippines: ABS-CBN Interactive. September 2, 2014. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  8. ^ "Metro Manila subway master plan set for 2015 completion". GMA News Online.
  9. ^ Marasigan, Lorenz S. (April 18, 2017). "PHL-Japan expected to sign P227-billion Manila subway loan in November | Lorenz S. Marasigan".
  10. ^ Rey, Aika (June 12, 2021). "BGC-Ortigas Center Link's 'Kalayaan Bridge' now open". Rappler. Retrieved June 12, 2021.