METRO Red Line
OperatorMetro Transit
VehicleNova Bus LFX 40'
Began serviceJune 22, 2013[1]
Route typeHighway bus rapid transit
Locale(Hennepin County)
Bloomington, Minnesota
(Dakota County)
Eagan, Minnesota
Burnsville, Minnesota
Apple Valley, Minnesota
Rosemount, Minnesota (Planned)
Farmington, Minnesota (Planned)
Lakeville, Minnesota (Planned)
StartMall of America
Via MN 77 (Cedar Avenue)
EndApple Valley
Stations5 (7 planned)
FrequencyEvery 20 minutes
Weekend frequencyEvery 30 minutes
Journey time20 minutes
Operates4:00am – 12:00am
Route map

 D Line 
Mall of America Blue Line
Cedar Avenue Bridge
over the Minnesota River
Cedar Grove
Cliff Road
Palomino Hills
140th St
147th St
Apple Valley Transit Center
161st St
(after 2040)
Glacier Way
(after 2040)
Lakeville Cedar
195th St
(after 2040)
215th St
Park and ride

all stations
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The METRO Red Line is a bus rapid transit line between the Twin Cities suburbs of Bloomington, Minnesota and Apple Valley, Minnesota. The Red Line travels primarily on Minnesota State Highway 77 and Cedar Avenue from the Apple Valley station in Apple Valley, north through Eagan, Minnesota, to the Mall of America station in Bloomington where it connects to the Metro Blue Line. The line has bus rapid transit elements including bus-only lanes, specially branded vehicles, transit signal priority, and dedicated stations.

The line was designed to ease traffic congestion along the Cedar Avenue corridor. During planning the project was known as the Cedar Avenue Bus Rapid Transitway until it was renamed the Red Line in 2011 as part of a regional branding of the METRO system. After a few construction schedule setbacks, the $113 million line officially began operation on June 22, 2013. A further $15 million was spent to construct an improved passenger station that no longer requires buses to exit the highway and saves 10 minutes on a round trip journey. The line was operated by the Minnesota Valley Transit Authority under a contract from the Metropolitan Council until December 5, 2020 when Metro Transit took over operations.

An extension to Lakeville is planned with an opening in 2040.

Route description

The Red Line's northern terminus is Mall of America station at the Mall of America in Bloomington. At the station are connections to eight bus route and the Metro Blue Line. From the Mall of America, the route travels on Minnesota State Highway 77 and serves the Cedar Grove Transit Station which has bus stops in the middle of the highway with an indoor walkway to a park-and-ride lot adjacent to the highway near the Twin Cities Premium Outlets shopping mall. The route passes Interstate 35E and serves two stations at 140th and 147th streets. The final stop is at the Apple Valley Transit Station.[3]

Service and operation

The Red Line aimed for 975 daily rides in its first year.[4] While in the Red Line's first year of operation MVTA's ridership numbers reached record levels,[5] ridership on the line in the first few years was lower than expected.[6] Ridership reached only 85% of projected rides in the first year.[7] Ridership was estimated to reach 1,600 per day by 2017.[8]

From 2013 to 2017 half of the Red Lines budget came from the Counties Transit Improvement Board and half from the Metropolitan Council. After the Counties Transit Improvement Board was dissolved, the Metropolitan Council supported the full budget of the Red Line.[9] Dakota County's portion of the Red Line's budget was $1.3 million in 2017.[10] The MVTA operated the Red Line through a contract with the Metropolitan Council and cost $3.2 million in 2020 to provide the service. After first discussing the plan with MVTA in July 2020, the Metropolitan Council announced that it would not renew its operating contract with MVTA, instead opting for Metro Transit to take over operations starting on December 5, 2020. Frequency and hours of operations are planned to remain unchanged.[9]

Ridership in 2019 was 242,372 rides for a subsidy of $9.97 per passenger. The other two bus rapid transit lines in the Metro system, the A Line and the C Line, had subsidies of $3.85 per passenger and light rail service cost $1.96 per passenger. Suburban local and commuter express bus subsidy for MVTA, which is the territory the Red Line operates in, was $12.10 and $6.07 per passenger trip respectively, which is higher than the Twin Cities region subsidies of $7.38 and $5.52 per passenger trip respectively.[11]

Red Line buses run mostly on bus-only lanes and have transit signal priority.[5][12] Trips to downtown Minneapolis from Apple Valley station that take the Red Line to the Blue Line take about an hour versus 40-43 minutes on an express bus.[8]


The Red Line initially operated using Nova Bus LFX 40' buses (4252-4258), the first and only in the Twin Cities. Buses were chosen to provide a riding experience closer to that of riding a train with larger windows, interior space for bikes, an exterior designed to be similar to light rail vehicles. Station and bus design allows for level boarding for passengers. The vehicle design was chosen out of three other competitors and had been available on the market for five years before being purchased by the Metropolitan Council. The seven buses purchased cost between $450,000-$550,000 each.[13] All buses were equipped with lane departure warning systems and collision avoidance system advisories.[14] The original interior bike racks were replaced with exterior bike racks several months after opening.[15]

These buses were retired in December 2020 when Metro Transit took over operations from MVTA. Since then, the route has been operated by 7 40' Gilligs temporarily wrapped in the METRO livery (1750-1756). The Metropolitan Council is currently preparing to replace the fleet with permanent buses similar to those on the A Line.[9]

Stations and transit way

Cedar Avenue was reconstructed with new bus shoulder lanes for easier travel between Downtown Minneapolis and Lakeville. The transit way begins at Mall of America and heads towards Eagan, Apple Valley and Lakeville with bus shoulder lanes on both sides of Cedar Avenue, making it easier to bypass traffic. Stations were designed with bus pull-offs to allow buses to pass other buses picking up and dropping off passengers.[citation needed] Buses in the 12 feet (3.7 m) reinforced shoulder lanes are allowed to travel up to 15 miles per hour (24 km/h) faster than regular traffic as long as they are within the speed limit.[8]

At Cedar Grove, buses used to exit the highway to use Cedar Grove Transit Station. This routing added about 10 minutes on a round trip which lowered ridership.[6] A center-median Cedar Grove station serving the Red Line opened May 20, 2017. This reduced travel time, as buses no longer exit the freeway. The 300-foot climate-controlled walkway over Cedar Avenue connects the new station to the existing transit station.[16] The passenger platform and walkway cost $15 million with $10.4 coming from the Counties Transit Improvement Board, $3.3 from the state of Minnesota, and $1.3 million from Dakota County.[7] The addition of the station was estimated to add 40,000 annual rides to the Red Line and save $293,000 in annual operational costs.[17]

Stations at 140th St and 147th St were included to serve local businesses and neighborhoods. Apple Valley elected officials were concerned about the lack of parking lots at the stations and that riders would park at local businesses and side streets. After population and employment projections for the corridor were shrunk during the Great Recession, station designs shrunk and planned skyway connections over Cedar Ave removed due to lower ridership projections.[18] Despite pressure from the city of Apple Valley, the Met Council and Dakota County decided to not construct skyway connections but allowed the station at 147th St to be designed to allow for a future skyway connection.[19] Apple Valley has applied for federal funding through the Met Council to construct the 147th St skyway in 2016, 2018, and 2020.[20][21][22] Dakota County has applied through the same funding source for a pedestrian and bicycle bridge at 140th St in 2018 and 2020.[23][24]

A redesign of the Mall of America station was estimated to reduce travel times by 2-4 minutes.[4]

From the route's opening on June 22, 2013 until May 19, 2017, northbound Red Line buses used to make an additional stop outside of the Mall of America at 28th Avenue Station.

Station[3] ID[25] City Connections [3] Opened Fall 2019 Weekday Ridership[26]
Mall of America station 56873 Bloomington 5, 54, 444, 495, 515, 538, 539, 540 June 22, 2013 375
Cedar Grove Transit Station 56510, 56511 Eagan 440, 444, 445, 475 May 20, 2017 108
140th Street station 48976, 48977 Apple Valley 440 June 22, 2013 23
147th Street station 48179, 53494 Apple Valley 440 June 22, 2013 58
Apple Valley station 56979, 56980 Apple Valley 420, 440, 442, 475, 477 June 22, 2013 177


Corridor logo from 2007
Corridor logo from 2007

Plans for bus rapid transit in the corridor were first started in 1999 with $500,000 in state funding. An extension of the then in development Hiawtha Avenue light rail (Blue Line) was considered and was projected to attract the most riders with up to 23,100 by 2020. Exclusive bus only lanes for the corridor would have cost a fraction of the light rail extension but only attract up to 18,400 riders a day by 2020. Both ridership projections were contingent on dense transit-oriented development along the corridor.[27] Studies on the corridor were extended to Lakeville in 2003 with 2025 ridership expected to be 12,900.[28] Bus rapid transit was selected as the preferred alternative over light rail in 2004.[8] A light rail line was estimated to cost $650 million.[4] A 2010 report estimated 150,000 daily vehicles on Cedar Avenue with volumes expected to double within 20 years.[29] At the Minnesota River crossing, 90,000 vehicles traveled on the Cedar Avenue Bridge. Congestion in the corridor was expected to increase and the Red Line was planned to assist with easing congestion. Construction on upgrades to Cedar Avenue were started in April 2009 and included upgrades for buses, lane expansion for automobiles, and wider sidewalks for pedestrians.[8][1] The total cost for the project was $112 million.[7]

In July 2011, the Metropolitan Council officially designated the Cedar Avenue BRT line as the Red Line. This is part of a broader scheme to designate transit lines by color. Corresponding lines within the system include the Blue Line, the Green Line, and the then under development Orange Line BRT along Interstate 35W.[30] Dakota County commissioners were not pleased with the branding design decision and sought a more "vibrant" logo and design separate from light rail and regular buses.[31] As late as spring 2012 a November 2012 opening was expected but the line ultimately opened on June 22, 2013 with free rides offered for the first week.[1][32]

City officials believed that the Red Line factored into some real estate developers' decisions to develop projects worth $273 million within .5 miles (800 m) corridor.[33] A 2015 Cedar Avenue Transitway Implementation Plan Update set plans for additional stations and an extension to Lakeville, Minnesota. The extension to Lakeville isn't planned to open until 2040.[34]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Blake, Laurie (June 11, 2013). "Curious about new Cedar BRT? Take a free ride". Star Tribune. p. B3. Retrieved July 31, 2021 – via
  2. ^ "Cedar Avenue Transitway Implementation Plan Update" (PDF). Dakota County, MVTA, Metropolitan Council. December 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b c "Red Line Route Map" (PDF). Metro Transit. December 5, 2020. Retrieved December 23, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c Van Berkel, Jessie (December 28, 2014). "A hesitant start for rapid busway". Star Tribune. p. B1, B7. Retrieved July 31, 2021 – via
  5. ^ a b Ferraro, Nick (15 January 2015). "Dakota County rapid transit line boosts 2013 MVTA ridership". Pioneer Press. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
  6. ^ a b Van Berkel, Jessie (June 20, 2015). "Short- and long-term changes planned for Red Line BRT". Star Tribune. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  7. ^ a b c Moore, Janet (April 28, 2016). "Red Line bus service, which links MOA to south suburbs, to get $15M tune-up". Star Tribune. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d e Blake, Laurie (June 16, 2013). "BRT is ready to leave the station". Star Tribune. p. N1, N3-N4. Retrieved July 31, 2021 – via
  9. ^ a b c Harlow, Tim (6 October 2020). "Metro Transit to take over operation of Red Line bus rapid transit". Star Tribune. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  10. ^ Callaghan, Peter (May 31, 2017). "Twin Cities transit funding board initiates break-up. Like, for real this time". Minnpost. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  11. ^ "2019 REGIONAL ROUTE PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS". Metropolitan Council. November 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  12. ^ Harlow, Tim (October 14, 2018). "Metro Transit's Route 2 gets retooled for speed". Star Tribune. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  13. ^ Humphrey, Katie (November 20, 2011). "All Aboard - Bus rapid transit relies on sleek modern buses. For Cedar Avenue, those buses have been revealed". Star Tribune. pp. N1, N4. Retrieved July 31, 2021 – via
  14. ^ Harlow, Tim (February 13, 2015). "A $1.8 millon grant is heading MVTA's way". Star Tribune. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  15. ^ Harlow, Tim (September 25, 2013). "Front-end bike racks arrive on Red Line". Star Tribune. p. B3. Retrieved July 31, 2021 – via
  16. ^ William, Bornhoft (June 2, 2017). "New Cedar Grove Transit Station Opens In South Metro". Patch: Apple Valley-Rosemount. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  17. ^ Van Berkel, Jessie (November 20, 2014). "A $10 Million Solution". Star Tribune. p. B1, B5. Retrieved July 31, 2021 – via
  18. ^ Adams, Jim (November 20, 2011). "All Aboard. Two bus stations for new BRT don't come with any parking, worrying some in Apple Valley". Star Tribune. pp. N1, N4. Retrieved July 31, 2021 – via
  19. ^ Humphrey, Katie (April 29, 2012). "Skyway debate may stall busway". Star Tribune. p. N1, N3. Retrieved July 31, 2021 – via
  20. ^ Saam, Matthew (July 15, 2016). "05399 - Apple Valley Red Line BRT 147th Station Skyway". City of Apple Valley via Metropolitan Council. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  21. ^ Saam, Matthew (July 13, 2018). "10918 - Apple Valley Red Line BRT Skyway". City of Apple Valley via Metropolitan Council. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  22. ^ Saam, Matthew (May 15, 2020). "14084 - Apple Valley Red Line BRT 147th St. Station Skyway". City of Apple Valley via Metropolitan Council. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  23. ^ Anderson, Holly (July 13, 2020). "10963 - CSAH 23 (Cedar Ave)& 140th Street Pedestrian Bridge, METRO Red Line BRT". Dakota County via the Metropolitan Council. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  24. ^ Morneau, Joseph (May 14, 2020). "14078 - Cedar Avenue Pedestrian Bridge at 140th Street - Apple Valley". Dakota County via Metropolitan Council. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  25. ^ "Red Line Interactive Map". Metro Transit. Retrieved December 23, 2020.
  26. ^ "Transit Stops Boardings and Alightings" (XML). Metropolitan Council. January 4, 2020. Retrieved December 23, 2020. Note: Per metadata, this information is only for looking at stop level ridership and cannot be used for total route level ridership.
  27. ^ Blake, Laurie (November 16, 2000). "Apple Valley: Next stop for light rail?". Star Tribune. p. B2. Retrieved July 31, 2021 – via
  28. ^ Blake, Laurie (August 3, 2003). "Cedar Av. busway plan grows". Star Tribune. p. B3. Retrieved July 31, 2021 – via
  29. ^ Van Berkel, Jessie (January 31, 2015). "Dakota County residents to review Cedar Avenue transit". Star Tribune. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  30. ^ "Met Council approves line color names for region's developing transitway system". Metropolitan Council. July 2011. Archived from the original on August 7, 2011. Retrieved August 31, 2011.
  31. ^ Doyle, Pat (February 16, 2012). "No agreement on BRT color scheme". Star Tribune. p. B3. Retrieved July 31, 2021 – via
  32. ^ Blake, Laurie (June 30, 2013). "Parking restrictions eye for area near Cedar BRT line". Star Tribune. p. N1, N2. Retrieved July 31, 2021 – via
  33. ^ Van Berkel, Jessie (November 19, 2015). "Development pops up along Red Line bus rapid transit in Eagan, Apple Valley". Star Tribune. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  34. ^ "Cedar Avenue Transitway Implementation Plan Update" (PDF). Dakota County, MVTA, Metropolitan Council. December 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2020.

Route map: