Coordinates: 53°26′20″N 2°51′04″W / 53.439°N 2.851°W / 53.439; -2.851

Borough of Knowsley
Official logo of Borough of Knowsley
Location of Knowsley within Merseyside and England
Location of Knowsley within Merseyside and England
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionNorth West England
City regionLiverpool
Ceremonial countyMerseyside
Historic countyLancashire
Founded1 April 1974; 48 years ago (1974-04-01)
Admin. HQHuyton
Government
 • TypeMetropolitan borough
 • Governing bodyKnowsley Metropolitan Borough Council
 • Leadership:Leader & Cabinet
 • Executive:Labour
 • Leader of the CouncilGraham Morgan (2018–)
 • MPs:George Howarth (Lab),
Maria Eagle (Lab),
Marie Rimmer (Lab)
Area
 • Total33.40 sq mi (86.50 km2)
 • Rank226th
Population
 (2021)
 • Total154,519
 • RankRanked 134th
 • Density4,600/sq mi (1,800/km2)
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
ONS code00BX (ONS)
E08000011 (GSS)
Ethnicity98.4% White
Websitewww.knowsley.gov.uk

The Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley is a metropolitan borough in Merseyside, North West England. It covers several towns and villages, including Kirkby, Prescot, Huyton, Whiston, Halewood, Cronton and Stockbridge Village; Kirkby, Huyton, and Prescot being the major commercial centres. It takes its name from the village of Knowsley, though its headquarters are in Huyton. It forms part of the wider Liverpool City Region.

The borough was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merger of Huyton-with-Roby Urban District, Kirkby Urban District and Prescot Urban District, along with most of Whiston Rural District and a small part of West Lancashire Rural District, all from the administrative county of Lancashire.

It is known for Knowsley Hall and Knowsley Safari Park.

History

The modern-day borough of Knowsley was formerly composed of villages and towns in Lancashire dating back to 650 AD.[1] The Earls of Derby have their ancestral home in the borough at Knowsley Hall, the surroundings of which today house the popular visitor attraction of Knowsley Safari Park.

Knowsley experienced rapid population expansion in the 1950s and 1960s, resulting from the combination of industrialization and migration, including a significant amount of overspill development from Liverpool. By 1971, some 194,600 lived within the area which would become Knowsley.[2] However, over the next two decades general economic decline – particularly in manufacturing – contributed to a significant fall in population to around 154,600 by 1994. Subsequently, a population stabilization strategy helped to stem this decline. The strategy was focused on house building and marketing the borough to secure inward investment.[3] Record house building and strong growth in inward investment yielded the borough's first small rise in population in over 25 years in 1995. The population stabilized at over 154,000 for most of the rest of the 1990s.[4]

The borough of Knowsley was created on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972 covering the area of three former urban districts, which were abolished at the same time, plus six civil parishes (five from Whiston Rural District and one from West Lancashire Rural District):[5]

‡Parishes from Whiston Rural District

All the component parts of Knowsley had previously been in the administrative county of Lancashire, but were transferred to the new metropolitan county of Merseyside at the same time the district came into being on 1 April 1974. A committee of councillors from the outgoing district councils chose the name Knowsley for the new district in 1972, taking the name from Knowsley village, being a central location within the new district, rather than using the name of one of the three urban districts which had the majority of the population. The committee noted that the Knowsley Hall estate had historic connections to all the constituent parts of the new district.[6] The government confirmed the name in 1973.[7] The new district was awarded borough status from its creation, allowing the chairman of the council to take the title of mayor.[8]

Geography

Knowsley Metropolitan Borough covers an area of 33.40 square miles (86.50 km2) and is the smallest metropolitan borough of Merseyside. Within Merseyside, it borders the City of Liverpool to west, the Metropolitan Borough of St Helens to the east. It also borders Halton to the south-east, and West Lancashire to the north.

Settlements

Governance

Westminster

The residents of Knowsley Metropolitan Borough are represented in the British Parliament by Members of Parliament (MPs) for three separate parliamentary constituencies. Knowsley is represented by George Howarth MP (Labour), Garston and Halewood is represented by Maria Eagle MP (Labour) and St Helens South and Whiston is represented by Marie Rimmer MP (Labour).

Knowsley Council Composition

Main article: Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council

After local elections in 2008 the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley was governed by the Labour Party, the largest party represented on the council. The Liberal Democrats, the second largest party, were in opposition. There were no other councillors.

Year Labour Liberal Democrats
2008 47 16
2010 53 10
2011 59 4
2012 63 0
2016 42 3

After local elections in 2010 the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley continued to be governed by the Labour Party, the largest party represented on the council, who increased their total number of seats by 5 to 53. The Liberal Democrats, the second largest party represented on the council, continued to be in opposition losing 5 seats to the governing Labour Party to decrease their total number of seats to 10.

After local elections in 2011 the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley continued to be governed by the Labour Party, the largest party represented on the council, who increased their total number of seats to 59. The Liberal Democrats, the second largest party represented on the council, continued to be in opposition losing 6 seats to the governing Labour Party to decrease their total number of seats to 4.

After the local elections in 2012, Knowsley became a one party borough, completely taking out the Liberal Democrat seats.[9]

In 2016 the number of seats was reduced to 45 with the Liberal Democrats winning three

Following several years of subsequent elections, the political composition is now Labour 33, Green 5, Liberal Democrats 3, Independent 3 with one vacancy in Page Moss ward.

Liverpool City Region Combined Authority

The Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley is one of the six constituent local government districts of the Liverpool City Region. Since 1 April 2014, some of the borough's responsibilities have been pooled with neighbouring authorities within the metropolitan area and subsumed into the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority.

The combined authority has effectively become the top-tier administrative body for the local governance of the city region and the leader of Knowsley Council, along with the five other leaders from neighbouring local government districts, take strategic decisions over economic development, transport, employment and skills, tourism, culture, housing and physical infrastructure.

Religion and Belief

According to the 2011 census, 80.9% of people in Knowsley describe themselves as Christian, the highest proportion in any local authority in England and Wales.[10] This is significantly different from average figures from the 2011 census for England and Wales, which showed that 59.3 per cent of the population identified as Christian and 14.1 million people, around a quarter of the population in England and Wales, reported that they have no religion.

Twin towns

Knowsley is twinned with:[11]

Freedom of the Borough

The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Knowsley.

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (January 2020)

Individuals

Military units

Organisations and Groups

See also

References

  1. ^ Knowsley Council (2015). Knowsley Metropolitan Borough – An Introduction: History, Geography, Population and Economy. p. 2.
  2. ^ Knowsley District, A Vision of Britain Through Time, 23 December 2016
  3. ^ Knowsley Council (2015). Knowsley Metropolitan Borough – An Introduction: History, Geography, Population and Economy. p. 2.
  4. ^ Knowsley District, A Vision of Britain Through Time, 23 December 2016
  5. ^ "Local Government Act 1972", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, 1972 c. 70, retrieved 28 August 2022
  6. ^ Toker, John (22 December 1972). "This is Knowsley: A village that will soon be a giant district". Liverpool Echo. p. 10. Retrieved 28 August 2022.
  7. ^ "The Metropolitan Districts (Names) Order 1973", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, SI 1973/137, retrieved 28 August 2022
  8. ^ "District Councils and Boroughs". Hansard 1803–2005. Parliament of the United Kingdom. 28 March 1974. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
  9. ^ Vote 2012, hosted by David Dimbledy, aired 3 May 2012, BBC One
  10. ^ "Religion in England and Wales 2011". Office for National Statistics.
  11. ^ Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council, Town Twinning retrieved 21 January 2019
  12. ^ "Gerrard given freedom of borough". 11 November 2008.
  13. ^ "Duke of Lancaster's Regiment awarded Freedom of Knowsley". Knowsley Council. 12 October 2009. Archived from the original on 31 August 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  14. ^ "Hospitals and councillors past and present to be honoured with Freedom of the Borough".
  15. ^ "NHS heroes to receive freedom of two boroughs". 2 March 2021.