There are eleven metropolitan regions in Germany[1] consisting of the country's most densely populated cities and their catchment areas. They represent Germany's political, commercial and cultural centres. The eleven metropolitan regions in Germany were organised into political units for planning purposes.

Based on a narrower definition of metropolises commonly used to determine the metropolitan status of a given city,[2] only four cities in Germany surpass the threshold of at least one million inhabitants within their administrative borders: Berlin, Hamburg, Munich and Cologne.

For urban centres outside metropolitan areas that are a similar focal point for their region, but on a smaller scale, the concept of the Regiopolis and the related concepts of regiopolitan area or regio were introduced by urban and regional planning professors in 2006.[3]

Metropolitan regions

Sorted alphabetically:

  1. Berlin Metropolitan Region
  2. Bremen/Oldenburg Metropolitan Region
  3. Central German Metropolitan Region
  4. Frankfurt/Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region
  5. Hamburg Metropolitan Region
  6. Hannover-Braunschweig-Göttingen-Wolfsburg Metropolitan Region
  7. Munich Metropolitan Region
  8. Nuremberg Metropolitan Region
  9. Rhine-Neckar Metropolitan Region
  10. Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region (also covers the Cologne Bonn Region)
  11. Stuttgart Metropolitan Region

Big five

The five most important regions, collectively often called the "Big Five",[4][5] are frequently compared with other European metropolitan regions (EMR) in terms of investment and market development.[6] They are (from north to south): Hamburg, Berlin, the polycentric Ruhr-Düsseldorf-Cologne region (collectively referred to as Rhine-Ruhr), Frankfurt and Munich. The Globalization and World Cities Study Group (GaWC) considers Frankfurt and Munich as "α" (alpha) global cities, whereas the others are classified as "β" (beta) global cities.[7]

Each of them forms types of clusters and achieves varying levels of performance in areas such as business activity, human capital, information and technology exchange, cultural experience, and political engagement.[8]

List

rank
metropolitan region (EMR)
core cities
states
population as by EMR[9] (2006) population as by ESPON[10] (2007) GDP per capita in €[11] (2006) GMP in billion €[9] (2006) HQs of MNC (FG500[12]) annual passenger traffic
(2008)
1 Rhine-Ruhr EMR K, DO, D, E, DU NW 11.47 million 12.19 million 29,486 338.21 13 30.80 million
Ruhr DO, E, DU, BO 5.26 million 5.38 million 25,266 132.90 4 2.30 million (DTM)
Düsseldorf D, W, MG 3.12 million 3.07 million 34,658 108.13 5 18.15 million (DUS)
Cologne/Bonn K, BN 3.09 million 3.07 million 31,448 97.18 4 10.35 million (CGN)
2 Frankfurt/Rhine-Main EMR F, WI, MZ, DA, OF, HU HE, RP, BY 6.0million 4.15 million 35,000 193.20 4 57.44 million (FRA, HHN)
3 Berlin/Brandenburg EMR B, P, CB BE, BR 5.95 million 4.02 million 21,981 130.78 1 21.40 million (TXL, SXF)
4 Stuttgart EMR S, RT, ES, HN BW 5.29 million N/A 31,909 168.80 3[13] 9.93 million
Stuttgart S, ES 2.67 million 2.67 million 35,492 94.76 3[13] 9.93 million[14] (STR)
5 Munich EMR M, A, IN, LA, RO BY 5.20 million 3.27 million 39,155 203.61 7 34.73 million
Munich[15] M, FS 2.59 million[16] 2.67 million 47,943 124.35[16] 7 34.73 million (MUC)
6 Central German EMR L, DD, C, HAL, EF SN, ST, TH 4.36 million N/A 21,482 93.66 0 4.88 million
Leipzig/Halle L, HAL 1.50 million 1.21 million no data no data 0 2.46 million (LEJ)
Dresden DD, PIR 0.70 million[17] 0.88 million no data no data 0 1.86 million (DRS)
7 Hamburg EMR HH, HL HH, SH, NI 4.27 million 2.98 million 33,210 141.81 2 12.84 million (HAM)
8 Hanover-Braunschweig-
Göttingen-Wolfsburg EMR
H, BS, , WOB, SZ, HI NI 3.91 million N/A 27,251 106.55 3 5.74 million
Braunschweig/Wolfsburg BS, WOB, SZ 1.00 million[18] 1.00 million no data no data 1 0.10 million (BWE)
Hanover H 1.12 million* 1.00 million no data no data 2 5.64 million[19] (HAJ)
9 Nuremberg EMR N, , ER, BT, BA BY 3.51 million N/A 29,955 105.14 0 4.27 million
Nuremberg/Furth/Erlangen N, , ER 1.29 million 1.58 million no data no data 0 4.27 million[20] (NUE)
10 Bremen/Oldenburg EMR HB, OL, HBx, DEL, WHV HB, NI 2.37 million 1.08 million 27,046 64.10 0 2.49 million (BRE)
11 Rhine-Neckar EMR MA, LU, HD, WO BW, RP, HE 2.36 million 2.93 million 29,891 70.54 1 0
metropolitan regions in Germany 57.74 million 29,412 1,698.23 34 168.75 million
Germany 80.22 million 28,212 2,322.20 37 191.02 million[21]

  highest score of all metropolitan regions
  highest score of all metropolitan areas

See also

References

  1. ^ Mitglieder Retrieved 12 June 2009.
  2. ^ "The European Metropolises and Their Regions: From Economic Landscapes to Metropolitan Networks". 2020. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
  3. ^ Prof. Dr. Iris Reuther (FG Stadt- und Regionalplanung, Universität Kassel): Presentation "Regiopole Rostock". 11 December 2008, retrieved 13 June 2009 (PDF).
  4. ^ Hans Heinrich Blotevogel. (PDF) (in German) https://web.archive.org/web/20100602092219/http://cdl.niedersachsen.de/blob/images/C18102984_L20.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 June 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2011. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ Dr. Radetzki Consult GmbH Archived 2011-07-19 at the Wayback Machine (PDF) Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  6. ^ "C&W European Cities Monitor 2008: London, Paris and Frankfurt the best business locations in Europe". Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  7. ^ The World According to GaWC 2020 Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  8. ^ "Positionierung Europäischer Metropolregionen in Deutschland, Metropolfunktionen in Metropolregionen" (PDF). Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung. 2009. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 April 2020. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  9. ^ a b Regionales Monitoring 2008 - Daten und Karten zu den Europäischen Metropolregionen (EMR) in Deutschland (PDF) Retrieved 22 June 2009.
  10. ^ "ESPON project 1.4.3: Study on Urban Functions: Final Report" (PDF). Retrieved 22 June 2009.[dead link]
  11. ^ Regionales Monitoring 2008 - Daten und Karten zu den Europäischen Metropolregionen (EMR) in Deutschland
  12. ^ Global 500 CNNMoney Retrieved 22 June 2009.
  13. ^ a b [1] Retrieved 03 November 2015: Daimler, Bosch, LBBW
  14. ^ Wichtige Kennziffern der Flughafen Stuttgart GmbH Archived 2009-07-14 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 22 June 2009.
  15. ^ http://www.region-muenchen.com/ Retrieved 25 June 2009.
  16. ^ a b "Region München 2006 Regionaler Planungsverband München" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2009.
  17. ^ "Bevölkerungsbilanz in der Stadt-Umland-Region". Archived from the original on 9 February 2009. Retrieved 22 June 2009.
  18. ^ "Das Tätigkeitsgebiet: Die Region Braunschweig". Archived from the original on 2 June 2009. Retrieved 22 June 2009.
  19. ^ http://www.hannover-airport.de/189.html Retrieved 22 June 2009. Archived October 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ "Airport Nurnberg". Archived from the original on 12 June 2009. Retrieved 22 June 2009.
  21. ^ ADV Monatsstatistik / ADV Monthly Traffic Statistics Archived 2009-03-06 at the Wayback Machine (PDF) Retrieved 22 June 2009.