Michael Spivak | |
---|---|

Born | |

Died | October 1, 2020 | (aged 80)

Nationality | American |

Alma mater | Princeton University |

Known for | The Hitchhiker's Guide to CalculusCalculus on Manifolds: A Modern Approach to Classical Theorems of Advanced CalculusA Comprehensive Introduction to Differential GeometryMathTime |

Awards | Leroy P. Steele Prize for expository writing, 1985 |

Scientific career | |

Fields | Mathematics Differential geometry |

Thesis | On Spaces Satisfying Poincaré Duality (1964) |

Doctoral advisor | John Milnor |

**Michael David Spivak**^{[1]} (25 May 1940 – 1 October 2020)^{[2]} ^{[3]} was an American mathematician specializing in differential geometry, an expositor of mathematics, and the founder of Publish-or-Perish Press. Spivak was the author of the five-volume *A Comprehensive Introduction to Differential Geometry*.

Spivak was born in Queens, New York. He received an A.B. from Harvard University in 1960,^{[2]} while in 1964 he received a Ph.D. from Princeton University under the supervision of John Milnor, with thesis *On Spaces Satisfying Poincaré Duality*.^{[1]} In 1985 Spivak received the Leroy P. Steele Prize.

Spivak lectured on elementary physics.^{[4]} Spivak's book, *Physics for Mathematicians: Mechanics I* (published December 6, 2010), contains the material that these lectures stemmed from and more.^{[5]} Spivak was also the designer of the MathTime Professional 2 fonts (which are widely used in academic publishing)^{[6]} and the creator of *Science International*.^{[7]}

Among Spivak's pedagogical works, his five-volume magnum opus *A Comprehensive Introduction to Differential Geometry* (Publish or Perish Inc., 1970; 2nd ed., 1979; 3rd ed., 1999, revised 2005) is among his most influential and celebrated. The distinctive pedagogical aim of the work, as stated in its preface, was to elucidate for graduate students the often obscure relationship between classical differential geometry—geometrically intuitive but imprecise—and its modern counterpart, replete with precise but unintuitive algebraic definitions. On several occasions, most prominently in *Volume 2*, Spivak "translates" the classical language that Gauss or Riemann would be familiar with to the abstract language that a modern differential geometer might use. The Leroy P. Steele Prize was awarded to Spivak in 1985 for his authorship of the work.

Spivak also authored several well-known undergraduate textbooks. Among them, his textbook *Calculus* (W. A. Benjamin Inc., 1967; Publish or Perish, 4th ed., 2008) takes a rigorous and theoretical approach to introductory calculus and includes proofs of many theorems taken on faith in most other introductory textbooks.^{[8]} Spivak acknowledged in the preface that others might consider this textbook to be an introduction to mathematical analysis rather than a calculus book. Another of his well-known textbooks is *Calculus on Manifolds* (W. A. Benjamin Inc., 1965; Addison-Wesley, revised edition, 1968), a concise (146 pp.) but rigorous and modern treatment of multivariable calculus accessible to advanced undergraduates.^{[9]}

Spivak also wrote *The Joy of TeX: A Gourmet Guide to Typesetting With the AMS-TeX Macro Package* and *The Hitchhiker's Guide to Calculus*. The book *Morse Theory*, by John Milnor, was based on lecture notes by Spivak and Robert Wells (as mentioned on the cover page of the booklet).^{[10]}

Spivak used a set of English gender-neutral pronouns in his book *The Joy of TeX*, which are often referred to as Spivak pronouns.^{[11]} (Spivak stated that he did not originate these pronouns.^{[3]})