Michele Emiliano
Michele Emiliano crop.jpg
President of Apulia
Assumed office
26 June 2015
Preceded byNichi Vendola
Mayor of Bari
In office
14 June 2004 – 9 June 2014
Preceded bySimeone Di Cagno Abbrescia
Succeeded byAntonio Decaro
Personal details
Born (1959-07-23) 23 July 1959 (age 63)
Bari, Italy
Political partyDS (2004–2007)
PD (2007–2018)
Independent (since 2018)
Spouse(s)
Elena Emiliano
(m. 1988)
Children3
Alma materUniversity of Bari

Michele Emiliano (born 23 July 1959) is an Italian politician and former judge. He is the incumbent president of Apulia Region since June 2015, and he previously served as mayor of Bari from 2004 to 2014.[1][2] Emiliano has often been considered a populist and regionalist politician.[3][4]

Early life and career

Emiliano's father was a professional football player and small business owner. In 1962, he moved with his family to Bologna. In 1968, they returned to Bari. While growing up there, he spent time playing basketball thanks to his physical size.[2][5]

In 1983, Emiliano graduated in Law at the University of Bari. For some time, he worked as a trainee in a lawyer's office. In 1988, he married his current wife, Elena, with whom he had three children: Giovanni, Francesca and Pietro.[2][6]

At the age of 26, Emiliano quit the practice as a lawyer and passed the test to become a judge. He moved to Agrigento, where he worked in the public prosecutor's office and met Giovanni Falcone and Rosario Livatino. From 1990 to 1995, he worked at the Brindisi Public Prosecutor's Office and dealt with the fight against the Mafia. In 1995, he returned to Bari as a deputy prosecutor of the District Anti-Mafia Directorate (DDA). He retained this post until 2003, when he became a member of the social-democratic party Democrats of the Left (DS) and run for mayor of Bari for the centre-left coalition.

Political career

Mayor of Bari

In the local elections, which took place on 12 and 13 June 2004, Emiliano was surprisingly elected mayor of Bari in the first round, beating the centre-right candidate Luigi Lobuono with 53.8% of the votes. His civic list Emiliano List for Bari got a remarkable result and the largest number of elected representatives in the municipal council.[7] In January 2005, he was appointed delegate of the National Association of Italian Municipalities (ANCI) for policies for the South and, since 29 March 2007, coordinator of the mayors of metropolitan cities. In April 2007, he was also appointed Chairman of the Consortium for the Bari industrial development area.

On 14 October 2007, Emiliano was elected regional secretary of the Democratic Party (PD) in Apulia, the new centre-left party, born from the union between the DS and The Daisy (DL).[8][9] Emiliano hold the office until 2009, when he became regional president of the PD, post that he would held until January 2014. Emiliano run again as mayor in the local elections of 6 and 7 June 2009, where he got 49.01% of the votes in the first round, with a gap of just over 6,000 votes on the centre-right candidate and former mayor of Bari Simeone Di Cagno Abbrescia (46.05%). He was confirmed mayor of Bari in the runoff on 21 and 22 June 2009 with 59.8% of votes and with a gap of almost 33,000 votes from his opponent.[10]

Emiliano in 2011
Emiliano in 2011

At the end of 2009, rumors rose up around Emiliano's candidacy at the head of centre-left candidate for the presidency of Apulia in the 2010 Apulian regional election. The Union of the Centre (UdC) refused to accept the candidacy of incumbent governor Nichi Vendola, a democratic socialist. UdC's leader Pier Ferdinando Casini proposed to the PD the candidacy of Emiliano, who initially refused; however, after a few days, under pressure from party's bigwigs like Massimo D'Alema and Pier Luigi Bersani, Emiliano was forced to accept the candidacy. Emiliano agreed to carry out primary with Vendola, but he refused to resign as mayor of Bari, asking the Regional Council of Apulia to change a regional law, which prevented incumbent mayors to run for regional governor while in office. Faced with the unavailability of the Regional Council to amend this law, Emiliano withdrew his candidacy and asked to the regional secretary of his party to directly appoint Vendola as the centre-left candidate. Nevertheless, the PD nominated Francesco Boccia to the primaries, where he was defeated by Vendola. Boccia's defeat led to the break-up of the electoral alliance in Apulia between the UdC and the PD.

During his years as mayor, Emiliano promoted a new urban plan, with the aims of redevelop the municipal area especially in the suburbs, thanks to investments in the environmental and the transport sector.[11][12]

President of Apulia

On 31 May, Emiliano won the 2015 Apulian regional election with more than 47% of votes, doubling the votes of the second candidate, Antonella Laricchia, of the Five Star Movement (M5S).

In September 2016, Emiliano signed with the Prime Minister Matteo Renzi the so-called "Pact for Apulia" in order to release 2.7 billion euros from the Fund for Development and Cohesion (FSC) to be assigned to Apulia region for various investments in the territory.[13] Among the social policies promoted, there was the Regional Income of Dignity, a guaranteed minimum income for indigents.[14]

Despite the sign of the Pact for Apulia, Emiliano often criticized Prime Minister Renzi, who was also the leader of his own party, who was considered by Emiliano too centrist. He often implemented regional policies in contrast with those of the government. This contrast reached its peak at the 2016 Italian oil drilling referendum, which was promoted and supported by Emiliano and opposed by Renzi.[15] During the referendum campaign, Emiliano repeatedly accused the government of having introduced the law to favor oil companies and Renzi accused the governor of having promoted the referendum only for personal purposes. Although 86% voted in favour of repealing the law, the turnout of 31% was below the majority threshold required to validate the result.[16] Moreover, during the campaign for the 2016 Italian constitutional referendum, concerning the Renzi's Senate reform, Emiliano supported the "No", in open opposition to the line of his party. On 4 December, "No" won with 59% of votes and Renzi resigned as Prime Minister.[17][18]

Emiliano with President Sergio Mattarella in 2018
Emiliano with President Sergio Mattarella in 2018

On 21 February 2017, Emiliano announced his candidacy in 2017 PD leadership election, scheduled in April, where he would challenge Renzi.[19] On 10 March, Emiliano presented his electoral programme with the slogans "We Are Party" (Noi siamo partito) and "Italy Is Our Party" (L'Italia è il nostro partito). He described his candidacy as a revolution, and stated that he wanted a party closer to the people, especially the poorest, accusing Renzi of drastically changing the PD and of abandoning people on low incomes.[20] He also accused Andrea Orlando, the other candidate who was Justice Minister also in Renzi's government, of supporting Renzi's liberal and centrist policies, and not to have ever opposed his reforms.[21] Emiliano also added that he would not run to become Prime Minister, as Renzi did from February 2014 to December 2016.[22] Emiliano asked for the M5S, Article One (Art.1), Progressive Camp, and Italian Left (SI) supporters to vote for him to beat Renzi; his intention is to build a centre-left to left-wing alliance composed of PD, Art.1, and SI, which can cooperate with the M5S.[23] Despite Emiliano's strong support in the poorer South, Renzi was elected by a landslide, receiving 69% of votes, against 20% of Orlando, and 11% of Emiliano.[24]

On 3 December 2018, following the Constitutional Court of Italy's judgement that magistrates are ineligible for party membership, Emiliano announced that he would be resigning from the party.[25]

References

  1. ^ "Scheda Personale". Sito web Istituzionale della Regione Puglia (in Italian). Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "BIOGRAFIA" (PDF). CompletaMente.org (in Italian). Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  3. ^ Strippoli, Francesco (2017). "Emiliano, populista inconsapevole".
  4. ^ Orlando, Emiliano a volte è populista
  5. ^ Michele Emiliano: "Io, Zalone della politica"
  6. ^ Biografia di Michele Emiliano
  7. ^ Ministry of the Interior – 2004 Municipal Elections
  8. ^ Vespa, Bruno (2010). Il Cuore e la Spada: Storia politica e romantica dell'Italia unita, 1861-2011. Mondadori. p. 650. ISBN 9788852017285.
  9. ^ Augusto, Giuliano (8 December 2013), "De profundis per il Pd", Rinascita, archived from the original on 1 March 2014
  10. ^ Ministry of the Interior – 2009 Municipal Elections
  11. ^ Bari, un nuovo piano urbanistico all'insegna della edilizia ecoefficiente e della mobilità sostenibile
  12. ^ "Comune di Bari – Documento programmatico preliminare". Archived from the original on 2014-10-18. Retrieved 2019-10-01.
  13. ^ Regioni, firmato il patto per la Puglia
  14. ^ ReD, che cos'è?
  15. ^ Cabinet sets drilling referendum Apr 17 ANSA, 11 February 2016
  16. ^ Boost for Renzi as oil drilling poll fails Financial Times, 17 April 2016
  17. ^ Sala, Alessandro. "Referendum costituzionale 2016 Il No al 60%, la riforma non passa Renzi: «Ho perso io, mi dimetto". Corriere.it. Retrieved 2016-12-05.
  18. ^ "Paolo Gentiloni, Italian foreign minister, appointed PM". BBC News. 11 December 2016.
  19. ^ Pd, Emiliano si candida. Renzi: «Politica litiga su tutto, io penso al futuro»
  20. ^ Emiliano: "Segretario e premier non deve essere stessa persona"
  21. ^ Primarie Pd, Emiliano attacca Orlando
  22. ^ Pd, Emiliano: “Se vinco le primarie non faccio il candidato premier”
  23. ^ Emiliano e il patto con 5 Stelle
  24. ^ Primarie Pd, Renzi vince nettamente: "Al fianco del governo: nuovo inizio, niente rivincite"
  25. ^ Michele Emiliano lascia il Pd: “Una scelta dolorosa ma inevitabile, me lo impone il mio ruolo di magistrato”