Mickle Trafford

One of three fishing lakes at Meadow Fishery, Mickle Trafford
Mickle Trafford
Mickle Trafford
Location within Cheshire
Population1,822 (2011 census)
OS grid referenceSJ444696
Civil parish
  • Mickle Trafford and District
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCHESTER
Postcode districtCH2
Dialling code01244
PoliceCheshire
FireCheshire
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cheshire
53°13′16″N 2°49′59″W / 53.22101°N 2.83293°W / 53.22101; -2.83293Coordinates: 53°13′16″N 2°49′59″W / 53.22101°N 2.83293°W / 53.22101; -2.83293

Mickle Trafford is a village and former civil parish, now in the parish of Mickle Trafford and District, in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. It includes the area known as Plemstall. The A56 road from Chester to Warrington passes through the village and the Chester-Warrington railway line passes immediately to its east. The civil parish was abolished in 2015 to form Mickle Trafford and District, part of it also went to Guilden Sutton.[1]

At the 2011 census the population of the civil parish was 1,822.[2] In 2004 it had been estimated to be 2,140,[3] although the 2001 census recorded 1,831 people.[4]

History

The name is derived from the Old Norse word mikill (meaning big or great) and the Old English words trog (a trough) and ford.[5]

The only artifacts found from the prehistoric period are an arrowhead and a worked flake which were found in the nearby settlement of Hoole Village. The arrowhead is dated from the Early Bronze to the Early Iron Age (2350 BC to 701 BC).[6] The Roman road from Chester to Wilderspool (near the present town of Warrington) passed through or near the village. It is likely that the road known as The Street, which passes to the northwest of the village, was the route of the Roman road. Finds of Roman coins, jewellery and pottery have been found in the village and nearby. There is also evidence of Roman practice camps in the nearby settlements of Hoole Village and Picton.[7] Mickle Trafford is not mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle,[8] but a raised area in a marsh by the River Gowy to the northeast of the present village, was known as the "Isle of Chester".[9] Here lived a hermit called Plegmund, who was later to become the Archbishop of Canterbury, and the area is now known as Plemstall, which means "Plegmund's holy place".[10]

Formerly a township in Plemstall Parish, Broxton Hundred, the population was 247 in 1801, 303 in 1851, 268 in 1901 and 348 in 1951.[1]

The village was previously served by two railway stations: Mickle Trafford and Mickle Trafford East. Although the stations have been demolished, both lines remain operational.

Landmarks and places of interest

St Peter's Church, Plemstall is located to the northeast of the village and is a Grade I listed building[11] On the lane leading to the church is St Plegmund's well. Other buildings in and around the village are listed at Grade II. To the north of the village is Trafford Mill.[12][13] The other buildings are Mickle Trafford Manor,[14] Windsor Lodge,[15] Ivy Bank Farmhouse,[16] and a farm building associated with Ivy Bank Farmhouse.[17]

See also

References

Citations

  1. ^ a b "Mickle Trafford". GENUKI UK & Ireland Genealogy. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
  2. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Mickle Trafford CP (E04011140)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  3. ^ Latham 2005, p. 9.
  4. ^ "Census 2001: Parish headcounts: Chester". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 22 December 2009.
  5. ^ "Key to English Place-Names: Mickle Trafford". University of Nottingham. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  6. ^ Latham 2005, pp. 10–11.
  7. ^ Latham 2005, pp. 11–14.
  8. ^ Latham 2005, p. 15.
  9. ^ Richards, Raymond (1947), Old Cheshire Churches, London: Batsford, p. 274
  10. ^ Latham 2005, pp. 15–18.
  11. ^ Historic England, "Church of St. Peter, Mickle Trafford (1279021)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 March 2013
  12. ^ Trafford Mill, Trafford Mill, archived from the original on 28 July 2011, retrieved 8 November 2007
  13. ^ Historic England, "Trafford Mill, Mickle Trafford (1229631)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 March 2013
  14. ^ Historic England, "Mickle Trafford Manor (1229398)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 March 2013
  15. ^ Historic England, "Windsor Lodge, Mickle Trafford (1278975)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 March 2013
  16. ^ Historic England, "Ivy Bank Farmhouse, Mickle Trafford (1279100)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 March 2013
  17. ^ Historic England, "Farm building, Ivy Bank Farm, Mickle Trafford (1229630)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 March 2013

Sources

  • Latham, Frank A., ed. (2005). Mickle Trafford. The Local History Group. ISBN 0-9551470-1-8.