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Microsoft Management Console
Microsoft Management Console Icon.png
Microsoft Management Console - Device Manager.png
Windows Management Console running in Windows 10, with Device Manager snap-in loaded
Developer(s)Microsoft
Operating systemMicrosoft Windows
TypeSystem configuration application
LicenseProprietary
Snap-ins listed in the management console
Snap-ins listed in the management console

Microsoft Management Console (MMC) is a component of Microsoft Windows that provides system administrators and advanced users an interface for configuring and monitoring the system. It was first introduced in 1998 with the Option Pack for Windows NT 4.0 and later came pre-bundled with Windows 2000 and its successors.

Snap-ins and consoles

The management console can host Component Object Model components called snap-ins. Most of Microsoft's administration tools are implemented as MMC snap-ins. Third parties can also implement their own snap-ins using the MMC's application programming interfaces published on the Microsoft Developer Network's web site.

Snap-ins are registered in the [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT]\{CLSID} and [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\MMC\Snapins] registry keys. A snap-in combined with MMC is called a management saved console,[1] which is a file with .msc extension and can be launched using this syntax: mmc path \ filename.msc [/a] [/64] [/32].

Common snap-ins

The most prolific MMC component, Computer Management, appears in the "Administrative Tools" folder in the Control Panel, under "System and Security" in Category View. Computer Management actually consists of a collection of MMC snap-ins, including the Device Manager, Disk Defragmenter, Internet Information Services (if installed), Disk Management, Event Viewer, Local Users and Groups (except in the home editions of Windows), Shared Folders, Services snap-in, for managing Windows services, Certificates and other tools. Computer Management can also be pointed at another Windows machine altogether, allowing for monitoring and configuration of other computers on the local network that the user has access to.

Other MMC snap-ins in common use include:

Version history

See also

References

  1. ^ Mitch Tulloch. Windows Server 2003 in a Nutshell. O'Reilly Media; 1st edition (August 2003). p. 288. ISBN 978-0596004040.
  2. ^ "What's New in MMC Version 1.1". Archived from the original on March 11, 2007. Retrieved February 13, 2006.[dead link]
  3. ^ "Microsoft API and reference catalog". Microsoft Developer Network. 2016. Archived from the original on September 10, 2016. Retrieved February 25, 2019.
  4. ^ Download details: Windows XP Service Pack 3 Overview Archived 2008-05-06 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "What's New in MMC 3.0". MSDN. Microsoft.
  6. ^ "The Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 Developer Story: Application Compatibility Cookbook". MSDN. Microsoft. Archived from the original on 2008-04-21. Retrieved 2007-06-11.