Microsoft Visio
Initial release1992; 32 years ago (1992)
Stable release(s)
Microsoft 365 (Windows)2312 (Build 17126.20132)[1] / January 9, 2024; 3 days ago (2024-01-09)
Microsoft 365 (Mac)16.80 (Build 23121017) / December 12, 2023; 31 days ago (2023-12-12)[2]
One-time purchase (Retail)2021 Version 2311 (Build 17029.20108)[3] / December 12, 2023; 31 days ago (2023-12-12)[4]
One-time purchase (LTSC)2021 Version 2108 (Build 14332.20615) / December 12, 2023; 31 days ago (2023-12-12)[3]
Operating systemMicrosoft Windows
TypeDiagramming software

Microsoft Visio (/ˈvɪz.i./ VIZ-ee-oh) (formerly Microsoft Office Visio) is a diagramming and vector graphics application and is part of the Microsoft 365 family. The product was first introduced in 1992 by former American software company Visio Corporation, and its latest version is Visio 2021. Microsoft acquired the assets of Visio Corporation in 2000 and thus also inherited the licensing agreements for the Visio application. A lightweight version of Visio is now included with all commercial SKU of Microsoft 365 and is known as Visio in Microsoft 365. It has two other subscription based SKUs. Visio Plan 1 includes the Visio web app whereas Visio Plan 2 provides access to both the web app as well as the Desktop application.


Microsoft Visio is used to create diagram types such as flowcharts, org charts, floor plans, network diagrams, UML diagrams, mind maps and more. It is also commonly used for scenarios such as Process Mapping and Visual Collaboration. The latest version of Visio also has data visualization that allows users to create diagrams from Excel data and also embed Visio diagrams in Power BI dashboards.

Microsoft made Visio 2013 for Windows available in two editions: Standard and Professional. The Standard and Professional editions share the same interface, but the Professional edition has additional templates for more advanced diagrams and layouts, as well as capabilities intended to make it easy for users to connect their diagrams to data sources and to display their data graphically.[5][6] The Professional edition features three additional diagram types, as well as intelligent rules, validation, and subprocess (diagram breakdown).[7] Visio Professional is also offered as an additional component of an Office365 subscription.[8]

On 22 September 2015, Visio 2016 was released alongside Microsoft Office 2016. A few new features have been added such as one-step connectivity with Excel data, information rights management (IRM) protection for Visio files, modernized shapes for office layout, detailed shapes for site plans, updated shapes for floor plans, modern shapes for home plans, IEEE compliant shapes for electrical diagrams, new range of starter diagrams, and new themes for the Visio interface.[9]

Database modeling in Visio revolves around a Database Model Diagram (DMD).[10]

File formats

Native file formats
Icons for .vsd (left) and .vss (right) files
VDWWeb drawing[11]
VDXXML drawing (Discontinued[12])
VSXXML stencil (Discontinued[12])
VTXXML template (Discontinued[12])
VSDXOPC/XML drawing[12][13]
VSDMOPC/XML drawing, macro-enabled[12]
VSSXOPC/XML stencil[12]
VSSMOPC/XML stencil, macro-enabled[12]
VSTXOPC/XML template[12]
VSTMOPC/XML template, macro-enabled[12]

All of the previous versions of Visio used VSD, the proprietary binary-file format. Visio 2010 added support for the VDX file format, which is a well-documented XML Schema-based ("DatadiagramML") format, but still uses VSD by default only.

Visio 2013 drops support for writing VDX files in favor of the new VSDX and VSDM file formats,[12] and uses them by default. Created based on Open Packaging Conventions (OPC) standard (ISO 29500, Part 2), a VSDX or VSDM file consists of a group of XML files archived inside a Zip file.[12] VSDX and VSDM files differ only in that VSDM files may contain macros.[12] Since these files are susceptible to macro virus infection, the program enforces strict security on them.[14]

While VSD files use LZW-like lossless compression, VDX is not compressed. Hence, a VDX file typically takes up 3 to 5 times more storage.[citation needed] VSDX and VSDM files use the same compression as Zip files.

Visio also supports saving files in SVG files, other diagramming files and images. However, images cannot be opened by the program.


Visio began as a standalone product produced by Shapeware Corporation; version 1.0 shipped in 1992. A pre-release, Version 0.92, was distributed free on a floppy disk along with a Microsoft Windows systems readiness evaluation utility. In 1995, Shapeware Corporation changed their name to Visio Corporation to take advantage of market recognition and related product equity. Microsoft acquired Visio in 2000, re-branding it as a Microsoft Office application. Like Microsoft Project, however, it has never been officially included in any of the bundled Office suites. Microsoft included a Visio for Enterprise Architects edition with some editions of Visual Studio .NET 2003 and Visual Studio 2005.[15]

Along with Microsoft Visio 2002 Professional, Microsoft introduced Visio Enterprise Network Tools and Visio Network Center. Visio Enterprise Network Tools was an add-on product that enabled automated network and directory services diagramming. Visio Network Center was a subscription-based website where users could locate the latest network documentation content and exact-replica network equipment shapes from 500 leading manufacturers.[16] Visio Enterprise Network Tools was discontinued in July 2002.[17] The following year, Microsoft released a patch which gave Enterprise Network Tools users access to the network equipment shapes via Visio's built-in Find Shape feature.[18] Visio 2007 was released on November 30, 2006.

Microsoft Visio adopted ribbons in its user interface in Visio 2010.[19] Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Access and Outlook (to some extents) had already adopted the ribbon with the release of Microsoft Office 2007.[20]

November 19, 2012: BPMN 2.0 was utilized within Microsoft Visio.[21]


There are no Visio versions 7, 8, or 9, because after Microsoft acquired and branded Visio as a Microsoft Office product, the Visio version numbers followed the Office version numbers. Version 13 was skipped owing to triskaidekaphobia.[22]

Visio does not have a macOS version, which has led to the growth of several third-party applications which can open and edit Visio files on Mac.

On 7 May 2001, Microsoft introduced Visio Enterprise Network Tools (VENT), an add-on for Visio 2002 scheduled for release on 1 July 2001, and Visio Network Center, a subscription-based web service for IT professionals who use Microsoft Visio for computer network diagramming.[23] VENT was discontinued on 1 July 2002 because of very low customer demand.[24]

See also


  1. ^ "Release notes for Current Channel". Microsoft. Retrieved January 10, 2024.
  2. ^ "Update history for Office for Mac". Microsoft Docs. December 29, 2023.
  3. ^ a b "Update history for Office LTSC 2021 and Office 2021". December 29, 2023.
  4. ^ Warren, Tom. "Microsoft Office 2021 will launch on October 5th". The Verge. Retrieved October 5, 2021.
  5. ^ "A comparison of Visio Standard and Visio Professional". Microsoft.
  6. ^ "Visio 2007 Edition Comparison". Microsoft. Archived from the original on February 15, 2008.
  7. ^ "Visio 2010 Edition Comparison". Microsoft. Archived from the original on March 16, 2013.
  8. ^ "Compare Visio Versions". Microsoft.
  9. ^ "What's new in Visio 2016". Microsoft.
  10. ^ Filev, Andrew (October 28, 2005). Professional UML Using Visual Studio .Net. John Wiley & Sons (published 2005). p. 276. ISBN 9780764558757. Retrieved December 12, 2012. The cornerstone of the Visio Data POroject will be the Database Model Diagram (DMD). [...] The DMD is mainly an Entity Relationship (ER) diagram with project management capabilities.
  11. ^ "Save diagrams to SharePoint as Web drawings".
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "What's new for Visio 2013 developers". MSDN. Microsoft. July 16, 2012. New file format. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
  13. ^ "Introduction to the Visio file format (.VSDX)".
  14. ^ "Check for macros that might contain viruses". Visio Help. Microsoft. Archived from the original on June 24, 2013. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  15. ^ "History of Visio". MVPS. Archived from the original on April 18, 2011.
  16. ^ "Press release". Microsoft. May 1, 2001.
  17. ^ "Visio Enterprise Network Tools product discontinued". Microsoft. July 27, 2006. Archived from the original on November 10, 2006.
  18. ^ "Patch for Network Equipment Shape Access". Microsoft. January 17, 2003. Archived from the original on January 6, 2006.
  19. ^ "What's New in Visio 2010 for Automation Developers". MSDN. Microsoft. The ribbon. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
  20. ^ "Use the Ribbon instead of toolbars and menus". Microsoft Office website. Microsoft. 2007. Archived from the original on June 15, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
  21. ^ Horn, Stephanie (November 18, 2012). "Introducing BPMN 2.0 in Visio". Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  22. ^ Flynn, David (March 29, 2007). "Microsoft to Skip 'Unlucky' Office 13". APC. Future. Archived from the original on February 6, 2009. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
  23. ^ "Microsoft Visio Enterprise Network Tools and Visio Network Center Debut at NetWorld+Interop". News Center. Las Vegas: Microsoft. May 7, 2001. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
  24. ^ "Visio Enterprise Network Tools product discontinued". Support. Microsoft. July 27, 2006. Retrieved March 31, 2013.

Further reading