Mid Wales (Welsh: Canolbarth Cymru or simply Y Canolbarth "The Midlands") or Central Wales refers to a region of Wales, encompassing its midlands, in-between North Wales and South Wales. The Mid Wales Regional Committee of the Senedd covered the unitary authority areas of Ceredigion and Powys and the area of Gwynedd that had previously been the district of Meirionnydd. A similar definition is used by the BBC. The Wales Spatial Plan defines a region known as "Central Wales" which covers Ceredigion and Powys. If Mid Wales is classed as Ceredigion and Powys, the area would be 6,962 square kilometres (2,688 sq mi) (about the size of Cumbria).
Mid Wales is dominated by the Cambrian Mountains, including the Green Desert of Wales. The region is sparsely populated, with an economy dependent on farming and small businesses. The density of the unitary authority areas of Ceredigion and Powys combined is only 30 inhabitants per square kilometre (78/sq mi).
Mid Wales is a sparsely populated rural area, with a strong reliance on the agricultural industry.
Parliamentary constituencies in Mid Wales include; Brecon and Radnorshire, Ceredigion, Dwyfor Meirionnydd and Montgomeryshire.
The region is represented in the Senedd with an electoral region known as Mid and West Wales.
See also: Regional economy in Wales
On 13 January 2022, the Mid Wales Growth Deal's Final Deal Agreement was signed between the Growing Mid Wales Board; containing representatives from Ceredigion County Council and Powys County Council, and the UK and Welsh Governments. The deal involves the commitment of £110 million of funding from the two governments, with additional funding provided by other public and private sectors over the span of 10 years. The deal aims to increase investment in the region to £400 million by 2032, support an increase in Gross value added (GVA) of between £570 million and £700 million in the region's economy, and create between 1,100 to 1,400 jobs in Mid Wales.