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Midong
米东区 • مىچۈەن-كۆكتاغ رايونى
Buddhist temple in Midong
Buddhist temple in Midong
Midong in Ürümqi
Midong in Ürümqi
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceXinjiang
Prefecture-level cityÜrümqi
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

Midong District (simplified Chinese: 米东区; traditional Chinese: 米東區; pinyin: Mǐdōng Qū; Uighur: مىچۈەن-كۆكتاغ رايونى, romanizedMichuan-Köktagh Rayoni, Miqüen-Kɵktaƣ Rayoni, Мичүән-Көктағ Райони) is one of 7 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Wulumuqi, the capital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Northwest China. Its land area is 3,408 km2 (1,316 sq mi); it has a population of 296,000.[1]

History

Midong District was formed in 2007 by merging the former Dongshan District of Ürümqi (244 km2 or 94 sq mi, population of 100,000, as per the 2002 Census) with the Miquan (formerly part of Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture).[2]

Geography

Midong District includes northern and eastern suburbs of Ürümqi, as well as a large slice of the Gurbantünggüt Desert north of the city which is administratively included into Ürümqi.

The natural water sources in the Ürümqi area mostly consist of streams that flow from the snow-capped Tian Shan mountains south of the city. Since Midong District is located north and therefore downstream, of the main urban area, the water supply problems there are particularly acute.[3] To enable the area's economic development, the Irtysh–Ürümqi Canal was brought to Midong during the first decade of the 20th century. Its main terminal is the so-called "Reservoir 500", constructed at the border of Midong District and Fukang County-level City (44°12′00″N 87°49′00″E / 44.20000°N 87.81667°E / 44.20000; 87.81667).[4]

Climate

Climate data for Midong District (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.3
(50.5)
6.9
(44.4)
24.8
(76.6)
34.4
(93.9)
37.9
(100.2)
40.9
(105.6)
43.7
(110.7)
41.6
(106.9)
39.0
(102.2)
31.7
(89.1)
19.5
(67.1)
14.8
(58.6)
43.7
(110.7)
Average high °C (°F) −9.4
(15.1)
−5.9
(21.4)
5.3
(41.5)
18.9
(66.0)
25.7
(78.3)
30.5
(86.9)
32.5
(90.5)
31.5
(88.7)
25.6
(78.1)
15.6
(60.1)
3.1
(37.6)
−6.7
(19.9)
13.9
(57.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −13.5
(7.7)
−9.9
(14.2)
0.7
(33.3)
12.2
(54.0)
19.0
(66.2)
24.1
(75.4)
26.1
(79.0)
24.6
(76.3)
18.6
(65.5)
9.5
(49.1)
−0.9
(30.4)
−10.4
(13.3)
8.3
(47.0)
Average low °C (°F) −16.5
(2.3)
−13.1
(8.4)
−2.8
(27.0)
6.9
(44.4)
13.5
(56.3)
18.5
(65.3)
20.7
(69.3)
19.2
(66.6)
13.3
(55.9)
5.2
(41.4)
−3.8
(25.2)
−13.1
(8.4)
4.0
(39.2)
Record low °C (°F) −28.4
(−19.1)
−27.9
(−18.2)
−23.4
(−10.1)
−7.2
(19.0)
0.0
(32.0)
7.5
(45.5)
11.6
(52.9)
7.5
(45.5)
1.0
(33.8)
−8.0
(17.6)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−29.7
(−21.5)
−29.7
(−21.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 9.2
(0.36)
9.3
(0.37)
14.8
(0.58)
29.8
(1.17)
33.7
(1.33)
25.9
(1.02)
30.8
(1.21)
23.6
(0.93)
20.5
(0.81)
21.9
(0.86)
16.8
(0.66)
12.6
(0.50)
248.9
(9.8)
Average relative humidity (%) 81 79 71 48 43 41 42 41 44 58 76 81 59
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center[5]

References

  1. ^ http://www.xzqh.org/quhua/65xj/0108md.htm
  2. ^ http://www.xzqh.org/quhua/65xj/0108md.htm
  3. ^ 解决米东新区建设项目供水紧缺问题的方向 [Approaches to solving water supply problems for the development projects in the Midong New Area]. 2009-01-13. Archived from the original on 2013-10-22. Retrieved 2013-10-10.
  4. ^ 高新区(新市区)甘泉堡工业园基本概况--乌鲁木齐高新技术产业开发区(新市区) [High-tech zone Ganquanbao Industrial Park Facts - Urumqi High-tech Industrial Development Zone (new city)] (in Simplified Chinese). 2012-05-21. Archived from the original on 2013-10-21. Retrieved 2013-10-10.
  5. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 24 November 2022.

Coordinates: 43°48′N 87°35′E / 43.800°N 87.583°E / 43.800; 87.583