Midrash Iyyob (Hebrew: מדרש איוב) or Midrash to Job is an aggadic midrash that is no longer extant.


Explicit reference to the source Midrash Iyyob are found in relation to Job 1:14,[1] to Job 1:6,[2] to Job 1:1 and 4:12,[3] to Job 7:9,[4] to Job 2:1 [?],[5] and to Job 4:10.[6] In addition, the quotes found in the Yalkut Makiri to Psalms 61:7 and 146:4 with the source-reference "Midrash" and referring to Job 3:2 and 38:1 may be taken from Midrash Iyyob, as may be many passages in the Job commentaries of Samuel b. Nissim Masnuth[7] and Isaac b. Solomon.[8] The extracts and quotations from Midrash Iyyob have been collected by Wertheimer.[9]


Strack & Stemberger (1991) cite an opinion attributing Midrash Iyyov to the amora Hoshaiah Rabbah (3rd century), although this dating is uncertain.


  1. ^ in the Yalḳuṭ Makiri to Isaiah 61:11
  2. ^ in a manuscript commentary of Rashi to Job
  3. ^ In an manuscript machzor commentary; both these commentaries were in the possession of Abraham Epstein, in Vienna; compare Ha-Ḥoḳer, i. 325
  4. ^ In the Recanati to Genesis 3:23
  5. ^ In the Recanati—according to the statement in "Rab Pe'alim," p. 34
  6. ^ In Yalkut Shimoni 2:897
  7. ^ Ma'yan Gannim, Berlin, 1889
  8. ^ Constantinople, 1545
  9. ^ Leḳeṭ Midrashim, Jerusalem, 1903; compare also Zunz, G. V. p. 270; Brüll's Jahrb. 5-6 99