Armed Forces of Chile
Fuerzas Armadas de Chile
Service branches Chilean Army
 Chilean Navy
 Chilean Air Force
Leadership
Commander-in-chief
Sebastián Piñera
Minister of Defense
Baldo Prokurica
Chief of the Joint Chiefs of StaffJavier Iturriaga del Campo
Manpower
Military age18
Active personnel80,000[1]
Reserve personnel40,000[1]
Expenditures
BudgetUS$4.25 billion (2018)[1]
Percent of GDP1.9% (2021)[2]
Industry
Domestic suppliersFAMAE
ENAER
ASMAR
DTS
SISDEF
DESA
LINKTRONIC
Detroit Chile
Foreign suppliers Australia
 Brazil
 Canada
 Colombia
 France
 Germany
 Israel
 Italy
 Spain
 Sweden
 Taiwan
 United Kingdom
 United States
Related articles
RanksArmy ranks
Air Force ranks
Navy ranks

The Chilean Armed Forces (Spanish: Fuerzas Armadas de Chile) is the unified military organization comprising the Chilean Army, Air Force and Navy. The President of Chile is the commander-in-chief of the military, and formulates policy through the Minister of Defence. In recent years and after several major reequipment programs, the Chilean Armed Forces have become one of the most technologically advanced and professional armed forces in Latin America.[3] The Chilean Army is mostly supplied with equipment from Germany, the United States, Israel, France, and Spain.

Structure

Army

Main article: Chilean Army

The current commander-in-chief of the Chilean Army is General de Ejército Sr. Ricardo Martínez Menanteau. The 46,350-person army is organized under six military administrative regions and six divisional headquarters.[1] The forces include one special forces brigade, four armoured brigades, one armoured detachment, three motorized brigades, two motorized detachments, four mountain detachments and one aviation brigade.[1] The army operates German Leopard 1 and 2 tanks as its main battle tanks, including 170+ Leopard 2A4 and 115 Leopard 1.[1] The army has approximately 40,000 reservists.[1]

Navy

Main article: Chilean Navy

Admiral Julio Leiva Molina directs the 19,800-person Chilean Navy, including 3,600 Marines.[4] Of the fleet of 66 surface vessels, eight are major combatant ships and they are based in Valparaíso. The navy operates its own aircraft for transport and patrol; there are no fighters or bomber aircraft but they have attack helicopters. The Navy also operates four submarines based in Talcahuano.

Air Force

Main article: Chilean Air Force

General Arturo Merino Nuñez heads 11,050-strong[5] Chilean Air Force. Air assets are distributed among five air brigades headquartered in Iquique, Antofagasta, Santiago, Puerto Montt, and Punta Arenas. The Air Force also operates an airbase on King George Island, Antarctica.

See also

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d e f g IISS 2019, p. 404.
  2. ^ https://sipri.org/sites/default/files/Data%20for%20all%20countries%20from%201988%E2%80%932020%20as%20a%20share%20of%20GDP%20(pdf).pdf
  3. ^ Bawden, John R (2016). 'The Pinochet Generation: The Chilean Military in the Twentieth Century'. University of Alabama. pp. 218–219. ISBN 978-0-8173-1928-1.
  4. ^ IISS 2019, pp. 405–406.
  5. ^ IISS 2019, p. 406.

References