Militsiya of the Republic of Belarus
Міліцыя Рэспублікi Беларусь (Belarusian)
Милиция Республики Беларусь (Russian)
Belarusian Militsiya emblem
Belarusian Militsiya emblem
Common nameMilitsiya
Agency overview
FormedMarch 1, 1991
Preceding agency
Jurisdictional structure
National agency
(Operations jurisdiction)
Operations jurisdictionBelarus
Legal jurisdictionBelarus
General nature
Operational structure
Child agency
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The Militsiya of the Republic of Belarus (Belarusian: Міліцыя Рэспублікi Беларусь, Russian: Милиция Республики Беларусь) is a law enforcement agency in Belarus responsible for regular policing duties in the country.[1]


The original Belarusian Militsiya was founded on 4 March 1917 during the events of the February Revolution, when prominent Bolshevik leader and politician Mikhail Frunze was appointed temporary police chief of the local Minsk civilian militia. Just three days later, various Belarusian cities began the process of creating police departments. The provisional regulations on the police were issued on 17 April 1917, establishing the Militsiya as an executive body of state power. In Belarus, as well as in newly formed Russian SFSR as a whole, the Militsiya replaced the previous Tsarist police services such as the Okhrana. On 10 November (28 October, O.S.) 1917, days after the October Revolution took place, the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (NKVD) issued a decree on the first normative act defining the creation of the Soviet Militsiya.

Soviet-style uniform, Museum of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Belarus
Soviet-style uniform, Museum of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Belarus

A single police structure was developed for the Socialist Soviet Republic of Byelorussia in 1919, which enabled on 30 November 1920 in the form of the Main Police Administration of the BSSR. In July 1934, the NKVD took up secret police duties in the Belarusian SSR, with duties being transferred to the BSSR's Interior Ministry in March 1946. In early February 1962, law enforcement was handled solely by Soviet Belarusian authorities instead of the national agency. On 1 March 1991, the Supreme Soviet of Belarus enacted the Law "On the Police", which is the main legal act regulating the activities of the internal affairs bodies of an independent republic. On 17 July 2007, the National Assembly of Belarus adopted a law effectively making the Belarusian police a fundamental and flagship agency of the MVD/MUS. 4 March is today considered the birthday of the modern Belarusian police service.[2][3][4][5]


Its law enforcement central agency, the Militsiya, is considered to be the main policing and law enforcement agency in Belarus, consisting of services such as:

Police ranks

Category Private Sergeants Ensigns
Police Shoulder
Shoulder Ranks


Removable for Epaulettes
Removable for Epaulettes


Rank Private Corporal Junior
Sergeant Senior
Starshina Ensign Senior Ensign
Category Junior Officers Senior Officers General Personnel
Shoulder Ranks
Removable for Epaulettes
Ranks Junior
Lieutenant Senior
Captain Major Lieutenant Colonel Colonel Major General Lieutenant General Colonel General


See also


  1. ^ Books, L. L. C. (July 26, 2010). Law Enforcement Agencies of Belarus: Militsiya, Belarusian Auxiliary Police, State Security Committee of the Republic of Belarus. General Books LLC. ISBN 9781158413461 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ "История ГУВД — ГУВД Минского Горисполкома". Archived from the original on 2008-07-05. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Law on police use of force in Belarus | The Law on Police Use of Force". Retrieved 2019-07-02.
  5. ^

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