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In voting systems, the Minimax Condorcet method is a singlewinner rankedchoice voting method that always elects the majority (Condorcet) winner.^{[1]} Minimax compares all candidates against each other in a roundrobin tournament, then ranks candidates by their worst election result (the result where they would receive the fewest votes). The candidate with the largest (maximum) number of votes in their worst (minimum) matchup is declared the winner.
The Minimax Condorcet method selects the candidate for whom the greatest pairwise score for another candidate against him or her is the least such score among all candidates.
Imagine politicians compete like football teams in a roundrobin tournament, where every team plays against every other team once. In each matchup, a candidate's score is equal to the number of voters who support them over their opponent.
Minimax finds each team's (or candidate's) worst game – the one where they received the smallest number of points (votes). Each team's tournament score is equal to the number of points they got in their worst game. The first place in the tournament goes to the team with the best tournament score.
Formally, let denote the pairwise score for against . Then the candidate, selected by minimax (aka the winner) is given by:
When it is permitted to rank candidates equally, or not rank all candidates, three interpretations of the rule are possible. When voters must rank all the candidates, all three variants are equivalent.
Let be the number of voters ranking X over Y. The variants define the score for candidate X against Y as:
When one of the first two variants is used, the method can be restated as: "Disregard the weakest pairwise defeat until one candidate is unbeaten." An "unbeaten" candidate possesses a maximum score against him which is zero or negative.
Minimax using winning votes or margins satisfies the Condorcet and the majority criterion, but not the Smith criterion, mutual majority criterion, or Condorcet loser criterion. When winning votes is used, minimax also satisfies the plurality criterion.
Minimax fails independence of irrelevant alternatives, independence of clones, local independence of irrelevant alternatives, and independence of Smithdominated alternatives.^{[citation needed]}
With the pairwise opposition variant (sometimes called MMPO), minimax only satisfies the majoritystrength Condorcet criterion; a candidate with a relative majority over every other may not be elected. MMPO is a laternoharm system and also satisfies sincere favorite criterion.
Nicolaus Tideman modified minimax to only drop edges that create Condorcet cycles, allowing his method to satisfy many of the above properties. Schulze's method similarly reduces to minimax when there are only three candidates.
Suppose that Tennessee is holding an election on the location of its capital. The population is concentrated around four major cities. All voters want the capital to be as close to them as possible. The options are:
The preferences of each region's voters are:
42% of voters FarWest 
26% of voters Center 
15% of voters CenterEast 
17% of voters FarEast 





The results of the pairwise scores would be tabulated as follows:
X  
Memphis  Nashville  Chattanooga  Knoxville  
Y  Memphis  [X] 58% [Y] 42% 
[X] 58% [Y] 42% 
[X] 58% [Y] 42%  
Nashville  [X] 42% [Y] 58% 
[X] 32% [Y] 68% 
[X] 32% [Y] 68%  
Chattanooga  [X] 42% [Y] 58% 
[X] 68% [Y] 32% 
[X] 17% [Y] 83%  
Knoxville  [X] 42% [Y] 58% 
[X] 68% [Y] 32% 
[X] 83% [Y] 17%  
Pairwise election results (wontiedlost):  003  300  201  102  
worst pairwise defeat (winning votes):  58%  0%  68%  83%  
worst pairwise defeat (margins):  16%  −16%  36%  66%  
worst pairwise opposition:  58%  42%  68%  83% 
Result: In all three alternatives Nashville has the lowest value and is elected winner.
Assume three candidates A, B and C and voters with the following preferences:
4% of voters  47% of voters  43% of voters  6% of voters 

1. A and C  1. A  1. C  1. B 
2. C  2. B  2. A and C  
3. B  3. B  3. A 
The results would be tabulated as follows:
X  
A  B  C  
Y  A  [X] 49% [Y] 51% 
[X] 43% [Y] 47%  
B  [X] 51% [Y] 49% 
[X] 94% [Y] 6%  
C  [X] 47% [Y] 43% 
[X] 6% [Y] 94% 

Pairwise election results (wontiedlost):  200  002  101  
worst pairwise defeat (winning votes):  0%  94%  47%  
worst pairwise defeat (margins):  −2%  88%  4%  
worst pairwise opposition:  49%  94%  47% 
Result: With the winning votes and margins alternatives, the Condorcet winner A is declared Minimax winner. However, using the pairwise opposition alternative, C is declared winner, since less voters strongly oppose him in his worst pairwise score against A than A is opposed by in his worst pairwise score against B.
Assume four candidates A, B, C and D. Voters are allowed to not consider some candidates (denoting an n/a in the table), so that their ballots are not taken into account for pairwise scores of that candidates.
30 voters  15 voters  14 voters  6 voters  4 voters  16 voters  14 voters  3 voters 

1. A  1. D  1. D  1. B  1. D  1. C  1. B  1. C 
2. C  2. B  2. B  2. C  2. C  2. A and B  2. C  2. A 
3. B  3. A  3. C  3. A  3. A and B  
4. D  4. C  4. A  4. D  
n/a D  n/a A and D  n/a B and D 
The results would be tabulated as follows:
X  
A  B  C  D  
Y  A  [X] 35 [Y] 30 
[X] 43 [Y] 45 
[X] 33 [Y] 36  
B  [X] 30 [Y] 35 
[X] 50 [Y] 49 
[X] 33 [Y] 36  
C  [X] 45 [Y] 43 
[X] 49 [Y] 50 
[X] 33 [Y] 36  
D  [X] 36 [Y] 33 
[X] 36 [Y] 33 
[X] 36 [Y] 33 

Pairwise election results (wontiedlost):  201  201  201  003  
worst pairwise defeat (winning votes):  35  50  45  36  
worst pairwise defeat (margins):  5  1  2  3  
worst pairwise opposition:  43  50  49  36 
Result: Each of the three alternatives gives another winner: