Minister President of Prussia
Otto von Bismarck, the most famous and longest-serving officeholder
ResidenceBerlin, Prussia
AppointerKing of Prussia (1848–1918)
Landtag of Prussia (1918–1933)
Formation19 March 1848
First holderAdolf Heinrich von Arnim-Boitzenburg
Final holderHermann Göring
Abolished23 April 1945

The office of Minister President (German: Ministerpräsident), or Prime Minister, of Prussia existed from 1848, when it was formed by the King Frederick William IV during the 1848–49 Revolution, until the abolition of Prussia in 1947 by the Allied Control Council.

History of the office

Under the Kingdom of Prussia the Minister President functioned as the chief minister of the King, and presided over the Landtag (the Prussian legislature established in 1848). After the unification of Germany in 1871 and until the collapse in 1918, the office of the Prussian Minister President was usually held by the Chancellor of the German Empire, beginning with the tenure of Otto von Bismarck.

Under the Free State of Prussia the Minister President was the head of the state government in a more traditional parliamentary role during the Weimar Republic. The office ceased to have any real meaning except as a kind of political patronage title after the takeover by the national government in 1932 (Preußenschlag), and after Nazi Germany dismantled Prussia as a state in 1935 (Reichsstatthaltergesetz). Eventually, the office was abolished along with Prussia itself by the Allies after World War II.

Chief Ministers of the Kingdom of Prussia (1702–1848)

List of Ministers President of Prussia (1848–1947)

Ministers-President of the Kingdom of Prussia (1848–1918)

Political Party:   Zentrum   None

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office Days
Count Adolf Heinrich von Arnim-Boitzenburg
(1803–1868)
19 March 1848 29 March 1848 10 Non-partisan
Gottfried Ludolf Camphausen
(1803–1890)
29 March 1848 20 June 1848 83 Non-partisan
Rudolf von Auerswald
(1795–1866)
25 June 1848 8 September 1848 75 Non-partisan
Ernst von Pfuel
(1779–1866)
21 September 1848 1 November 1848 41 Non-partisan
Count Friedrich Wilhelm von Brandenburg
(1792–1850)
2 November 1848 6 November 1850 734 Non-partisan
Baron Otto Theodor von Manteuffel
(1805–1882)
9 December 1850 6 November 1858 2889 Non-partisan
Prince Karl Anton von Hohenzollern
(1811–1885)
6 November 1858 12 March 1862 1222 Non-partisan
Prince Adolf zu Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen
(1797–1873)
17 March 1862 23 September 1862 190 Non-partisan
Prince Otto von Bismarck
(1815–1898)
1st term
23 September 1862 1 January 1873 3753 Non-partisan
Count Albrecht von Roon
(1803–1879)
1 January 1873 9 November 1873 312 Non-partisan
Prince Otto von Bismarck
(1815–1898)
2nd term
9 November 1873 20 March 1890 5975 Non-partisan
Count Leo von Caprivi
(1831–1899)
20 March 1890 22 March 1892 733 Non-partisan
Count Botho zu Eulenburg
(1831–1912)
22 March 1892 26 October 1894 948 Non-partisan
Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst
(1819–1901)
29 October 1894 17 October 1900 2179 Non-partisan
Prince Bernhard von Bülow
(1849–1929)
17 October 1900 14 July 1909 3192 Non-partisan
Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg
(1856–1921)
14 July 1909 13 July 1917 2921 Non-partisan
Georg Michaelis
(1857–1936)
14 July 1917 1 November 1917 110 Non-partisan
Count Georg von Hertling
(1843–1919)
1 November 1917 30 September 1918 333 Centre
Prince Maximilian of Baden
(1867–1929)
3 October 1918 9 November 1918 37 Non-partisan

Ministers-President of the Free State of Prussia (1918–1947)

Political Party:   SPD   Zentrum   NSDAP   None

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office Days
Ministers-President of the Free State of Prussia in the Weimar Republic
Friedrich Ebert
(1871–1925)
9 November 1918 11 November 1918 2 Social Democratic Party of Germany
Paul Hirsch
(1868–1940)
11 November 1918 27 March 1920 502 Social Democratic Party of Germany
Otto Braun
(1872–1955)
1st term
27 March 1920 21 April 1921 390 Social Democratic Party of Germany
Adam Stegerwald
(1874–1945)
21 April 1921 5 November 1921 198 Centre Party
Otto Braun
(1872–1955)
2nd term
5 November 1921 18 February 1925 1201 Social Democratic Party of Germany
Wilhelm Marx
(1863–1946)
18 February 1925 6 April 1925 47 Centre Party
Otto Braun
(1872–1955)
3rd term
6 April 1925 20 July 1932 2662 Social Democratic Party of Germany
Franz von Papen
(1879–1969)
Reichskommissar 136 Non-partisan
20 July 1932 3 December 1932
Kurt von Schleicher
(1882–1934)
Reichskommissar 56 Non-partisan
3 December 1932 28 January 1933
Franz von Papen
(1879–1969)
Reichskommissar 70 Non-partisan
30 January 1933 10 April 1933
Adolf Hitler
(1889–1945)
Reichsstatthalter 730 National Socialist German Workers' Party
30 January 1933 30 January 1935
Minister-President of the Free State of Prussia in Nazi Germany
Hermann Göring
(1893–1946)
Ministerpräsident 4396 National Socialist German Workers' Party
10 April 1933 23 April 1945
Reichsstatthalter 3736
30 January 1935 23 April 1945

See also