Minister of Transport
Ministre des Transports
Canada bilateral at COP 26 (51671787786) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Omar Alghabra

since 12 January 2021
Transport Canada
StyleThe Honourable
Member of
Reports to
AppointerMonarch (represented by the governor general)
on the advice of the prime minister
Term lengthAt His Majesty's pleasure
PrecursorMinister of Railways and Canals Minister of Marine
Inaugural holderC. D. Howe
Formation2 November 1936
DeputyDeputy Minister of Transport
Salary$279,900 (2022)[1]
Websitewww.tc.gc.ca

The minister of transport (French: ministre des transports) is a minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet. The minister is responsible for overseeing the federal government's transportation regulatory and development department, Transport Canada, as well as Canada Post, the Saint Lawrence Seaway, Nav Canada, and the Port Authority system.[2] Since 12 January 2021, the position has been held by Omar Alghabra of the Liberal Party.[3]

History

The Constitution Act, 1867 under section 92(10) established federal responsibility for land and sea transportation between provinces and internationally. Most transportation duties and powers were placed under the minister of public works,[4] with responsibilities for ports and harbours going to the minister of marine and fisheries.[5] In 1879, the Department of Public Works was divided in two, with powers and duties over rail and inland sea transport going to the newly formed minister of railways and canals.[6] The minister of railways and canals was one of the most important cabinet posts because of the importance of railways to the economic development of Canada, with three prime ministers assuming the position either before or during their premiership.

In Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King's third cabinet in 1935, C. D. Howe was appointed to both the minister of railways and canals and the minister of marine, which was a short-lived position split from the minister of marine and fisheries in 1930.[7] The office of Minister of Transport was created by Mackenzie King in 1936, which was formally a successor to the minister of railways and canals,[8] and C. D. Howe was appointed as the first Minister of Transport.[9]

From 2006 to 2013, the position was styled Minister of Transport, Infrastructure and Communities, a name change corresponding with responsibility for Infrastructure Canada being transferred to the portfolio at that time. "Minister of Transport" remained the title for legal purposes. With the Cabinet shuffle of July 15, 2013, Infrastructure and Communities portfolio was separated from Transport and assigned to the minister of intergovernmental affairs.[10]

Transport Canada used to manage most of Canada's major airports, but in the 1990s, most airports were off-loaded to non-profit private airport authorities. The department is now responsible for transportation safety, appointments to Boards of Governors, and regulation management.

Portfolio

In addition to Transport Canada, the minister of transport is responsible for overseeing 55 other entities,[2] the majority of which are port authorities and airport authorities:

Minister of Railways and Canals (1879-1936)

For ministers responsible for land transportation before 20 May 1879, see Minister of Public Works (Canada).

Key:

  Liberal Party of Canada
  Historical conservative parties: Liberal-Conservative, Conservative (historical), Unionist, National Liberal and Conservative
Portrait Name Term of office Political party Ministry
TupperUniform.jpg
Sir Charles Tupper 20 May 1879 28 May 1884 Liberal-Conservative 3 (Macdonald)[11]
John Henry Pope.jpg
John Henry Pope (acting) 29 May 1884 24 September 1885 Liberal-Conservative
John Henry Pope.jpg
John Henry Pope 25 September 1885 1 April 1889 Liberal-Conservative
No image.svg
vacant 2 April 1889 9 April 1889
John A Macdonald (ca. 1875).jpg
John A. Macdonald (acting) 10 April 1889 27 November 1889 Liberal-Conservative
John A Macdonald (ca. 1875).jpg
John A. Macdonald 28 November 1889 6 June 1891 Liberal-Conservative
No image.svg
vacant 7 June 1891 16 June 1891 4 (Abbott)[12]
SirMackenzieBowell.jpg
Mackenzie Bowell (acting) 17 June 1891 10 January 1892 Conservative (historical)
John Graham Haggart.jpg
John Graham Haggart 11 January 1892 4 December 1892 Conservative (historical)
5 December 1892 20 December 1894 5 (Thompson)[13]
21 December 1894 5 January 1896 6 (Bowell)[14]
No image.svg
Joseph-Aldric Ouimet (acting) 6 January 1896 14 January 1896 Conservative (historical)
John Graham Haggart.jpg
John Graham Haggart 15 January 1896 30 April 1896 Conservative (historical)
1 May 1896 8 July 1896 7 (Tupper)[15]
No image.svg
vacant 6 January 1896 14 January 1896 8 (Laurier)[16]
Andrew George Blair.jpg
Andrew George Blair 20 July 1896 20 July 1903 Liberal
William Stevens Fielding, premier of Nova Scotia.jpg
William Stevens Fielding (acting) 21 July 1903 14 January 1904 Liberal
HREmmersonWIK.jpg
Henry Emmerson 15 January 1904 2 April 1907 Liberal
No image.svg
vacant 3 April 1907 8 April 1907
William Stevens Fielding, premier of Nova Scotia.jpg
William Stevens Fielding (acting) 9 April 1907 29 August 1907 Liberal
HREmmersonWIK.jpg
George Perry Graham 30 August 1907 10 October 1911 Liberal
Francis Cochrane.jpg
Francis Cochrane 10 October 1911 12 October 1917 Conservative (historical) 9 (Borden)[17]
John Dowsley Reid.jpg
John Dowsley Reid 12 October 1917 9 July 1920 Unionist 10 (Borden)[18]
10 July 1920 20 September 1921 11 (Meighen)[19]
No image.svg
John Alexander Stewart 21 September 1921 29 December 1921 Unionist
No image.svg
William Costello Kennedy 29 December 1921 18 January 1923 Liberal 12 (King)[20]
No image.svg
vacant 19 January 1923 27 April 1923
Hon. Geo. P. Graham, 7-13-22 LCCN2016846558 (cropped).jpg
George Perry Graham 28 April 1923 19 February 1926 Liberal
No image.svg
vacant 20 February 1926 28 February 1926
People-Dunning.jpg
Charles Avery Dunning 1 March 1926 28 June 1926 Liberal
Henry Lumley Drayton.jpg
Henry Lumley Drayton (acting) 29 June 1926 12 July 1926 Conservative (historical) 13 (Meighen)[21]
No image.svg
William Anderson Black (acting) 13 July 1926 25 September 1926 Conservative (historical)
People-Dunning.jpg
Charles Avery Dunning 25 September 1926 25 November 1929 Liberal 14 (King)[22]
People-Dunning.jpg
Charles Avery Dunning (acting) 26 November 1929 29 December 1929 Liberal
CRERAR.jpg
Thomas Crerar 30 December 1929 7 August 1930 Liberal
MP Robert Manion.jpg
Robert James Manion 7 August 1930 23 October 1935 Conservative (historical) 15 (Bennett)[23]
C.D. Howe, wartime.jpg
C. D. Howe 23 October 1935 1 November 1936 Liberal 16 (King)[9]
Railways and Canals portfolio moved to Minister of Transport.

Minister of Marine (1930-1936)

For ministers responsible for ports and harbours before 14 June 1930, see Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard § Ministers of Marine and Fisheries (1867-1930).

Key:

  Liberal
  Conservative (historical)
Portrait Name Term of office Political party Ministry
Arthur Cardin.jpg
Arthur Cardin 14 June 1930 7 August 1930 Liberal 14 (King)[7]
Alfred Duranleau.png
Alfred Duranleau 7 August 1930 19 July 1935 Conservative (historical) 15 (Bennett)[24]
No image.svg
vacant 20 July 1935 29 August 1935
No image.svg
Lucien Henri Gendron 30 August 1935 23 October 1935 Conservative (historical)
C.D. Howe, wartime.jpg
C. D. Howe 23 October 1935 1 November 1936 Liberal 16 (King)[9]
Marine portfolio moved to Minister of Transport.

Minister of Transport (1936-present)

Key:

  Liberal
  Progressive Conservative
  Conservative
Portrait Name Term of office Political party Ministry
Minister of Transport
C.D. Howe, wartime.jpg
C. D. Howe 2 November 1936 7 July 1940 Liberal 16 (King)[9]
Arthur Cardin.jpg
Arthur Cardin 8 July 1940 12 May 1942 Liberal
C.D. Howe, wartime.jpg
C. D. Howe (acting) 13 May 1942 5 October 1942 Liberal
Joseph Enoil Michaud.jpg
Joseph-Enoil Michaud 6 October 1942 17 April 1945 Liberal
Lionel Chevrier.jpg
Lionel Chevrier 18 April 1945 14 November 1948 Liberal
15 November 1948 30 June 1954 17 (St. Laurent)[25]
No image.svg
George Carlyle Marler 1 July 1954 20 June 1957 Liberal
George Hees.jpg
George Hees 21 June 1957 10 October 1960 Progressive Conservative 18 (Diefenbaker)[26]
No image.svg
Léon Balcer 11 October 1960 21 April 1963 Progressive Conservative
George James McIlraith a047411-v8.jpg
George McIlraith 22 April 1963 2 February 1964 Liberal 19 (Pearson)[27]
J.W. Pickersgill (40005045751).jpg
Jack Pickersgill 3 February 1964 18 September 1967 Liberal
Paul Hellyer-c1969.jpg
Paul Hellyer 19 September 1967 19 April 1968 Liberal
20 April 1968 29 April 1969 20 (P. E. Trudeau)[28]
No image.svg
James Armstrong Richardson (acting) 30 April 1969 4 May 1969 Liberal
Don-Jamieson.jpg
Don Jamieson 5 May 1969 26 November 1972 Liberal
Jean Marchand1.jpg
Jean Marchand 27 November 1972 25 September 1975 Liberal
No image.svg
Otto Lang 26 September 1975 3 June 1979 Liberal
No image.svg
Don Mazankowski 4 June 1979 2 March 1980 Progressive Conservative 21 (Clark)[29]
No image.svg
Jean-Luc Pépin 3 March 1980 11 August 1983 Liberal 22 (P. E. Trudeau)[30]
No image.svg
Lloyd Axworthy 12 August 1983 29 June 1984 Liberal
30 June 1984 16 September 1984 23 (Turner)[31]
No image.svg
Don Mazankowski (2nd time) 17 September 1984 29 June 1986 Progressive Conservative 24 (Mulroney)[32]
Crosbie 1983-2 crop.jpg
John Crosbie 30 June 1986 30 March 1988 Progressive Conservative
No image.svg
Benoît Bouchard 31 March 1988 22 February 1990 Progressive Conservative
No image.svg
Doug Lewis 23 February 1990 20 April 1991 Progressive Conservative
No image.svg
Jean Corbeil 21 April 1991 24 June 1993 Progressive Conservative
25 June 1993 3 November 1993 25 (Campbell)[33]
No image.svg
Doug Young 4 November 1993 24 January 1996 Liberal 26 (Chrétien)[34]
David Anderson April 2011.jpg
David Anderson 25 January 1996 10 June 1997 Liberal
No image.svg
David Collenette 11 June 1997 11 December 2003 Liberal
No image.svg
Tony Valeri 12 December 2003 19 July 2004 Liberal 27 (Martin)[35]
No image.svg
Jean Lapierre 20 July 2004 5 February 2006 Liberal
Minister of Transport, Infrastructure, and Communities
Lawrence Cannon on March 29, 2010.jpg
Lawrence Cannon 6 February 2006 30 October 2008 Conservative 28 (Harper)[36]
John Baird cropped 2011-08-04.jpg
John Baird 30 October 2008 6 August 2010 Conservative
Chuck Strahl 2014.jpg
Chuck Strahl 6 August 2010 18 May 2011 Conservative
Denis Lebel 2017.jpg
Denis Lebel 18 May 2011 15 July 2013 Conservative
Minister of Transport
Lisa Raitt - 2017 (36917974502) (cropped)2.jpg
Lisa Raitt 15 July 2013 4 November 2015 Conservative 28 (Harper)[36]
Marc Garneau - 2018 (42748534304) (cropped).jpg
Marc Garneau 4 November 2015 12 January 2021 Liberal 29 (J. Trudeau)
Omar Alghabra 12 January 2021 Incumbent Liberal 29 (J. Trudeau)

See also

References

  1. ^ "Indemnities, Salaries and Allowances". Parliament of Canada.
  2. ^ a b "The Transport Canada Portfolio". Transport Canada. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
  3. ^ "Marc Garneau vows to fix Transport Canada's financial situation". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2016-04-21.
  4. ^ An Act respecting the office of Receiver-General and Minister of Public Works, S.C. 31 Victoria, c. 12, s. 12
  5. ^ An Act for the organization of the Department of Marine and Fisheries of Canada, S.C. 31 Victoria, c. 57, Sch. 1
  6. ^ An Act respecting the offices of Receiver-General and Minister of Public Works, S.C. 42 Victoria, c. 7, s. 4-5
  7. ^ a b "Fourteenth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  8. ^ The Department of Transport Act, 1936, S.C. 1 Edward VIII, c. 34
  9. ^ a b c d "Sixteenth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  10. ^ Technically it was assigned to the President of the Privy Council, which also had responsibility for intergovernmental affairs. http://www.pco-bcp.gc.ca/oic-ddc.asp?lang=eng&txtToDate=2013-07-15&txtPrecis=&Page=&txtOICID=&txtAct=&txtBillNo=&txtFromDate=2013-07-15&txtDepartment=&txtChapterNo=&txtChapterYear=&rdoComingIntoForce=&DoSearch=Search+/+List&pg=2&viewattach=28125&blnDisplayFlg=1
  11. ^ "Third Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  12. ^ "Fourth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  13. ^ "Fifth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  14. ^ "Sixth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  15. ^ "Seventh Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  16. ^ "Eighth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  17. ^ "Ninth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  18. ^ "Tenth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  19. ^ "Eleventh Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  20. ^ "Twelfth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  21. ^ "Thirteenth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  22. ^ "Fourteenth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  23. ^ "Fifteenth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  24. ^ "Fifteenth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  25. ^ "Seventeenth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  26. ^ "Eighteenth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  27. ^ "Nineteenth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  28. ^ "Twentieth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  29. ^ "Twenty-First Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  30. ^ "Twenty-Second Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  31. ^ "Twenty-Third Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  32. ^ "Twenty-Fourth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  33. ^ "Twenty-Fifth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  34. ^ "Twenty-Sixth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  35. ^ "Twenty-Seventh Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  36. ^ a b "Twenty-Eighth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.