Mirny
Мирный
Town under republic jurisdiction[1]
Other transcription(s)
 • YakutМирнэй
Central square in Mirny
Location of Mirny
Mirny
Mirny
Location of Mirny
Mirny
Mirny
Mirny (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 62°33′N 113°58′E / 62.550°N 113.967°E / 62.550; 113.967Coordinates: 62°33′N 113°58′E / 62.550°N 113.967°E / 62.550; 113.967
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSakha Republic[1]
Administrative districtMirninsky District[1]
TownMirny[1]
Founded1955
Town status since1959[1]
Government
 • HeadKlim Antonov
Elevation
340 m (1,120 ft)
Population
 • Total37,188
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
35,223 (−5.3%)
 • Capital ofMirninsky District[1], Town of Mirny[1]
 • Municipal districtMirninsky Municipal District[4]
 • Urban settlementMirny Urban Settlement[4]
 • Capital ofMirninsky Municipal District[5], Mirny Urban Settlement[4]
Time zoneUTC+9 (MSK+6 Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
678170–678175, 678179
Dialing code(s)+7 41136
OKTMO ID98631101001
Websitewww.gorodmirny.ru
Mirny population
2010 Census37,188[2]
2002 Census39,981[8]
1989 Census38,793[9]
1979 Census30,462[10]

Mirny (Russian: Мирный, IPA: [ˈmʲirnɨj], lit. peaceful; Yakut: Мирнэй, Mirney, IPA: [ˈmiɾnej]) is a town and the administrative center of Mirninsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Irelyakh River (Vilyuy's basin), 820 kilometers (510 mi) west of Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 37,188.[2]

History

Mirny was founded in 1955 after the discovery of a nearby kimberlite pipe by an expedition led by Yury Khabardin.[11] Town status was granted to it in 1959.[1]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Mirny serves as the administrative center of Mirninsky District.[1] As an inhabited locality, Mirny is classified as a town under republic jurisdiction.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Mirninsky District as the Town of Mirny.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Mirny is incorporated within Mirninsky Municipal District as Mirny Urban Settlement.[4]

Economy

The Mir mine is located within the town. It is an open pit mine, which, with the depth of 525 meters (1,722 ft) and a diameter of 1.25 kilometers (0.78 mi) is reckoned to be the second largest in the world.[12][13] Production was stopped in 2004, and the mine was permanently closed in 2011, due to reduced recovery and the costs of working in the far northern climate.[citation needed][14]

Transportation

The town is served by the Mirny Airport. Safety concerns have been raised about aircraft operations near to the open diamond mine; helicopters are forbidden to pass over the abandoned workings.

Education

The Mirny Polytechnic Institute, a branch of the North-Eastern Federal University, operates in the town.

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  2. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d Law #173-Z #353-III
  5. ^ Law #172-Z #351-III
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia] (XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 – via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  11. ^ Анастасия Литвинова (February 18, 2021). "Intrigues of diamond discoverers, or who was the first to find the "Mir"". forpost-sz.ru.
  12. ^ Bennett, Mia. "2016: The Arctic in Photos". Cryopolitics. Archived from the original on 17 January 2017.
  13. ^ Michaud, David (Chrispine) (4 September 2013). "Largest Mines in the World". Mining Examiner. 911 Metallurgist. Archived from the original on 14 November 2014.
  14. ^ "Mirny Mine". MineDat. Retrieved January 29, 2017.

Sources