Mishar Tatar
Mişär Tatar
Pronunciation[miʃær tatar]
Native toRussia, Finland
RegionMordovia, Penza, Ulyanovsk, Tatarstan, Orenburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Chuvashia, Bashkortostan, Samara, Volgograd, Saratov
EthnicityMishar Tatars
Turkic
Cyrillic, Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottologwest2405

Mishar Tatar or Western Tatar (Мишәр, Mişär, Мишәр Татар, Mişär Tatar, көнбатыш татар, könbatış tatar) is a dialect of Tatar spoken by Mishar Tatars, mainly in Penza, Ulyanovsk, Orenburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Volgograd, and Saratov oblasts of Russia, in Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, Chuvashia and Mordovia, and also in Finland.

Some linguists (Radlov, Samoylovich) think that Mishar belongs to the Kipchak-Cuman group of languages rather than to the Kipchak-Bulgar group.[1] Especially the regional dialect of Sergachsky district (Nizhny Novgorod) is said to be faithfully close to the ancient Kipchak language. Increased contacts with Kazan Tatars have lessened these differences.[2]

Mishar is the dialect spoken by the Tatar minority of Finland. The origins of the Tatar community living in Finland rest upon the merchants coming from the villages of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (then-Governorate).[3]

Dialects

Bulat Shaymi comparing the Kazan and Mishar dialects (2024).
Finnish Mishar Tatar artist Aisa Hakimcan, born in Sergachsky district in 1896, speaking in 1952. (four samples).

Mishar Tatar dialects (сөйләшлер) are according to Makhmutova two (Ch and Ts)[4] or according to Gabdulkhay Akhatov three (Ch, Ts and mixed)[5] groups.

In the Western (Mişär) dialect Ç is pronounced [tʃ] (southern or Lambir Mişärs) and as [ts] (northern Mişärs or Nizhgars). C is pronounced [dʒ]. There are no differences between v and w, q and k, g and ğ in the Mişär dialect. The Cyrillic alphabet doesn't have special letters for q, ğ and w, so Mişär speakers have no difficulty reading Tatar written in Cyrillic.

Classification of Mishar Tatar dialects:

References

  1. ^ Махмутова Л. Т. Опыт исследования тюркских диалектов: мишарский диалект татарского языка. — М.: Наука, 1978
  2. ^ Leitzinger, Antero: Mishäärit – Suomen vanha islamilainen yhteisö. Kirja-Leitzinger, 1996. ISBN 952-9752-08-3. (p. 41)
  3. ^ Küçük, Evren 2012. "Finlandiya'daki Türk-Tatar toplumu Archived 2013-01-24 at the Wayback Machine." In Tarihin Peşinde ‐ uluslararası tarih ve sosyal araştırmalar dergisi 8:114‐140 (in Turkish)
  4. ^ Махмутова Л.Т. Опыт исследования тюркских диалектов: мишарский диалект татарского языка. - М.: Наука, 1978. (in Russian)
  5. ^ Gabdulkhay Akhatov. Мишарский диалект татарского языка (учебное пособие для студентов высших учебных заведений). Уфа: Башк. ун-т, 1980 (in Russian)