Missouri Valley, Iowa
Location of Missouri Valley, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°33′32″N 95°53′38″W / 41.55889°N 95.89389°W / 41.55889; -95.89389Coordinates: 41°33′32″N 95°53′38″W / 41.55889°N 95.89389°W / 41.55889; -95.89389
Country United States
State Iowa
CountyHarrison
IncorporatedOctober 30, 1871 [1]
Government
 • MayorShawn Kelly [2]
Area
 • Total3.23 sq mi (8.37 km2)
 • Land3.23 sq mi (8.37 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,017 ft (310 m)
Population
 • Total2,678
 • Density828.7/sq mi (319.95/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
51555
Area code(s)712
FIPS code19-52860
GNIS feature ID0459150
Websitehttp://www.cityofmissourivalley.com

Missouri Valley is a city in Harrison County, Iowa, United States. The population was 2,678 at the time of the 2020 census.[4]

History

Originally, Missouri Valley was known as St. John's (Findley or Old St. Johns), and established in 1856.[5] This settlement was founded at the intersection of the Chicago & Northwestern, Sioux City & Pacific, and the Fremont, Elkhorn & Missouri Valley lines. Following the collapse of wild cat banks in 1858 and the near completion of the railroad, the town was moved 1 mile from its original location and renamed "New St. Johns".[6] The town was formally renamed a second time soon after, this time being named after the valley of the Missouri River.[7][8]

Missouri Valley was formally laid out in 1867 when the Chicago and North Western Railway was extended to that point.[9][7] Missouri Valley was a true railroad town in the late 1800s. The Sioux City and Pacific's headquarters was there and with it came the associated repair and machine shops, blacksmith, round house, etc. By 1896 population was approaching 4,000 and 25 passenger trains were coming in and out of Missouri Valley each day on 3 different lines. In 1900 the city adopted a resolution that the railroads were its chief industry and main sustenance. [10]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.13 square miles (8.11 km2), all of it land.[11][12] Missouri Valley is located within Iowa's Loess Hills.[13]

Demographics

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
18801,154—    
18902,797+142.4%
19004,010+43.4%
19103,187−20.5%
19203,985+25.0%
19304,230+6.1%
19403,994−5.6%
19503,546−11.2%
19603,567+0.6%
19703,519−1.3%
19803,107−11.7%
19902,888−7.0%
20002,992+3.6%
20102,838−5.1%
20202,678−5.6%
Source:"U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-03-29. and Iowa Data Center
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census[14][4]

2010 census

As of the census[15] of 2010, there were 2,838 people, 1,160 households, and 707 families living in the city. The population density was 906.7 inhabitants per square mile (350.1/km2). There were 1,291 housing units at an average density of 412.5 per square mile (159.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.6% White, 0.3% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.

There were 1,160 households, of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.1% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.99.

The median age in the city was 39.7 years. 24.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.8% were from 25 to 44; 24.7% were from 45 to 64; and 19% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female.

2000 census

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 2,992 people, 1,222 households, and 779 families living in the city. The population density was 982.9 people per square mile (380.0/km2). There were 1,300 housing units at an average density of 427.1 per square mile (165.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 99.03% White, 0.03% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.20% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.70% of the population.

There were 1,222 households, out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.96.

Age spread: 23.6% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 19.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,594, and the median income for a family was $47,250. Males had a median income of $28,109 versus $22,396 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,031. About 3.1% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The community of Missouri Valley and the surrounding rural area educational needs are met by the Missouri Valley Community School District.

Saint Albert Catholic Schools in Council Bluffs takes students from Missouri Valley.[17]

Infrastructure

Transportation

Missouri Valley is located on both sides of U.S. Route 30 on the east side of Interstate 29 near exit 75. The city is also serviced by L20 a county road running north and south, and F66 a county road running east from its junction with U.S. 30.[18]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Missouri Valley, Iowa". City-Data. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  2. ^ "Administration". City of Missouri Valley. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  3. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". census.gov. United states Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  5. ^ "GNIS Detail - Township of Saint John". geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2021-07-09.
  6. ^ "St John's Township - Harrison County Iowa History". iagenweb.org. Retrieved 2021-07-09.
  7. ^ a b Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 103.
  8. ^ "Community". City of Missouri Valley, Iowa. Retrieved 2021-07-09.
  9. ^ History of Western Iowa, Its Settlement and Growth. Western Publishing Company. 1882. pp. 309.
  10. ^ The development of Missouri V elopment of Missouri Valley, Iowa t , Iowa to 1931.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-02-20. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  13. ^ "Iowa's Loess Hills". Iowa PBS. 2016-11-29. Retrieved 2021-07-06.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  16. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  17. ^ "Home". Saint Albert Catholic Schools. 2001-02-28. Archived from the original on 2001-02-28. Retrieved 2021-04-25.
  18. ^ "Missouri Valley, Iowa". mapquest. Retrieved May 14, 2011.