Mithridates I Callinicus
King of Commagene
Reign109–70 BC
PredecessorSames II Theosebes Dikaios
SuccessorAntiochus I Theos of Commagene
Died70 BC
SpouseLaodice VII Thea
IssueAntiochus I Theos of Commagene
DynastyOrontid Dynasty
FatherSames II Theosebes Dikaios

Mithridates I Callinicus (Greek: Μιθριδάτης ὀ Кαλλίνικος) was a king of Orontid Iranian[1] descent who lived during the late 2nd century BC and early 1st century BC. Mithridates was a prince, the son, and successor of King of Commagene, Sames II Theosebes Dikaios. Before his succession in 109 BC, he married the Syrian Greek Princess Laodice VII Thea , daughter of King Antiochus VIII Grypus and Ptolemaic princess Tryphaena, as a part of a peace alliance. Mithridates embraced Greek culture. Laodice bore Mithridates a son, Antiochus I Theos of Commagene (c. 86 BC–38 BC), a prince and future king of Commagene. Mithridates died in 70 BC and Antiochus succeeded him.

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Preceded bySames II Theosebes Dikaios King of Commagene 109 BC – ca. 70 BC Succeeded byAntiochus I Theos of Commagene