Modern
.Nowoczesna
LeaderAdam Szłapka
FounderRyszard Petru
FoundedMay 2015
Membership (2018)4,160
Ideology
Political positionCentre
National affiliationCivic Coalition
European affiliationAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Sejm
6 / 460
Senate
0 / 100
European Parliament
0 / 52
Regional assemblies
21 / 552
City Presidents
0 / 107
Website
nowoczesna.org

Modern (Polish: Nowoczesna, styled as ".Nowoczesna") is a centrist political party in Poland.[1][2] It is currently led by Adam Szłapka.

It was formed in 2015 as "ModernPL" although due to controversy it had to change the name to ".Modern" later that year. Its first president Ryszard Petru served until 2017, when he was succeeded by Katarzyna Lubnauer. It first gained seats in the 2015 parliamentary election, and in 2018 it joined the Civic Coalition to participate together in the local elections. Szłapka was elected as president in 2019. Modern is a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe, and it is orientated towards the principles of liberalism,[3][4] and classical liberalism.[5] It also supports Poland's membership in the European Union.[6]

History

The party was founded in late May 2015 as NowoczesnaPL (ModernPL) by economist Ryszard Petru.[7][8][9] The founding convention was held on 31 May 2015 at which around 6,000 people gathered to participate.[9][10] The chairman presented the program of the party, and besides him, other activists spoke during the convention.[11] Due to some controversy over its name – there had already been a non-governmental organization called the Modern Poland Foundation,[12] In August 2015, the party's name was changed to .Modern (.Nowoczesna).[13] Around the same time, the party's new logo was presented, and Kamila Gasiuk-Pihowicz became its spokesperson.[14] The party received 7.6% of votes in the 2015 parliamentary election, which resulted in winning 28 seats in the Sejm.[15][16]

The party was admitted into the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) on 4 June 2016.[17] From 2015 election to end of 2016 Nowoczesna had more support in polls than Platforma Obywatelska. It has lost it after image problems of Ryszard Petru.[18][19] Katarzyna Lubnauer became the leader of Nowoczesna in November 2017.[20] In leader elections at the party congress, Lubnauer received 149 votes and Petru received 140 votes.[20]

In March 2018, Modern and Civic Platform formed the Civic Coalition electoral alliance to contest the 2018 local elections. In May 2018, founder Ryszard Petru left the party.[21] In 2019, Modern was running for the European Parliament as part of the European Coalition.[22] In June 2019, Modern joined the Civic Platform - Civic Coalition parliamentary group. During the 2019 Polish parliamentary elections the party was a member of the Civic Coalition along with the Civic Platform, Polish Initiative and the Greens. After these elections, Modern rejoined the Civic Coalition parliamentary group, and Adam Szłapka was elected as president of the party.[23]

Ideology

The party has been compared to the Free Democratic Party of Germany (FDP), with its emphasis on economic liberalism in its policy platform.[24] With their new party programme released in 2021, the party significantly changed its economical course to a more left-wing economical stance, while still maintaining its progressive social nature.[citation needed] This may be caused by the participation in Civic Coalition (it contains other left-wing like the Polish Initiative and Greens).[citation needed]

Leadership

Party Leaders

No. Image Name Start Date End Date Time
1.
Ryszard Petru Sejm 02 2016.JPG
Ryszard Petru 31 May 2015 25 November 2017 2 years, 178 days
2.
Katarzyna Lubnauer Sejm 2016.JPG
Katarzyna Lubnauer 25 November 2017 24 November 2019 1 year, 364 days
3.
Adam Szłapka Sejm 2015.JPG
Adam Szłapka 24 November 2019 Incumbent 2 years, 172 days

Parliamentary Leaders

No. Image Name Start Date End Date Time
1.
Ryszard Petru Sejm 02 2016.JPG
Ryszard Petru 12 November 2015 26 April 2017 1 year, 165 days
2.
Katarzyna Lubnauer Sejm 2016.JPG
Katarzyna Lubnauer 26 April 2017 9 January 2018 258 days
3.
Kamila Gasiuk-Pihowicz by Lukasz Kaminski.jpg
Kamila Gasiuk-Pihowicz 9 January 2018 5 December 2018 330 days
4.
Katarzyna Lubnauer Sejm 2016.JPG
Katarzyna Lubnauer 6 December 2018 7 December 2019 1 day
5.
Pudlowski.jpg
Paweł Pudłowski 7 December 2018 12 June 2019 187 days

Since 13 June 2019 members of Modern are part of the Civic Coalition parliamentary group.[25]

Election results

Sejm

Election year Leader Number of
votes
Percentage of
vote
Number of
overall seats won
+/– Govt?
2015 Ryszard Petru 1,155,370[15] 7.6 (#4)[15]
28 / 460
New Opposition
2019 Katarzyna Lubnauer 5,060,355 27.4 (#2)
8 / 460
Decrease20 Opposition
As part of Civic Coalition, which won 134 seats in total.

Senate

Election year Number of
votes
Percentage of
vote
Number of
overall seats won
+/– Govt?
2015 394 817[15] 2.6 (#5)[15]
0 / 100
New Opposition
2019 6,490,306 35.7 (#2)
1 / 100
Increase1 Opposition
As part of Civic Coalition, which won 43 seats in total.

Regional assemblies

Election year Percentage of
vote
Number of
overall seats won
+/–
2018 27.1 (#2)
31 / 552
New
As part of Civic Coalition, which won 194 seats in total.

European Parliament

Election year Percentage of
vote
Number of
overall seats won
+/–
2019 38.47 (#2)
0 / 52
New
As part of European Coalition, which won 22 seats in total.

References

  1. ^ Henningsen, Bernd; Etzold, Tobias; Hanne, Krister, eds. (15 September 2017). The Baltic Sea Region: A Comprehensive Guide: History, Politics, Culture and Economy of a European Role Model. Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag. p. 352. ISBN 978-3-8305-1727-6.
  2. ^ Nardelli, Alberto (22 October 2015). "Polish elections 2015: a guide to the parties, polls and electoral system". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016.
  3. ^ Paul Kubicek (2017). European Politics. Taylor & Francis. p. 257. ISBN 978-1-317-20638-5.
  4. ^ Marek Payerhin, ed. (2016). Nordic, Central, and Southeastern Europe 2016-2017. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 339. ISBN 978-1-4758-2897-9.
  5. ^ Marek Payerhin, ed. (2016). Nordic, Central, and Southeastern Europe 2016-2017. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 339. ISBN 9781475828979. Another new movement was the Modern of Ryszard Petru, later styled as Modern (Nowoczesna) or simply “.N.” This classical liberal party created by an economist, Ryszard Petru, received 7.6% of votes and 28 seats in the Sejm (it later gained an additional deputy who left Kukiz'15)
  6. ^ Henningsen, Bernd; Etzold, Tobias; Hanne, Krister (15 September 2017). The Baltic Sea Region: A Comprehensive Guide: History, Politics, Culture and Economy of a European Role Model. ISBN 9783830517276.
  7. ^ Tom Lansford, ed. (2017). Political Handbook of the World 2016-2017. SAGE Publications. p. 1219. ISBN 978-1-5063-2715-0.
  8. ^ ""Ciepła woda w kranie jest w Kijowie". Ryszard Petru obiecuje likwidację przywilejów" (in Polish). TVN24. 31 May 2015. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  9. ^ a b "NowoczesnaPL: uwolnić gospodarkę, zmienić system ubezpieczeń społecznych". Bankier.pl (in Polish). 31 May 2015. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  10. ^ "Czarnecki: Ryszard Petru odnosi się do idei dawnej Unii Wolności, czyli politycznego trupa". www.gazetaprawna.pl (in Polish). 31 May 2015. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  11. ^ "NowoczesnaPL. Co powinniśmy wiedzieć o ugrupowaniu Ryszarda Petru? [8 punktów]". 24 January 2016. Archived from the original on 24 January 2016. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  12. ^ "Nowoczesna.pl to plagiat? Fundacja protestuje przeciw zawłaszczaniu jej nazwy" (in Polish). wpolityce.pl. 31 May 2015. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  13. ^ "Nowoczesna bez "PL", ale z kwadratową kropką. Ugrupowanie Petru zmienia wizerunek" (in Polish). TVN24. 14 August 2015. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  14. ^ "Nowoczesna z nowym rzecznikiem, logo i "jedynką"". Newsweek Polska (in Polish). 14 August 2015. Archived from the original on 11 October 2015. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  15. ^ a b c d e "PKW: PiS zdobyło 37,58 proc. głosów. Wchodzi pięć partii, lewica poza Sejmem" (in Polish). TVN24. 26 October 2015. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  16. ^ Matthew S. Shugart; Rein Taagepera (2017). Votes from Seats: Logical Models of Electoral Systems. Cambridge University Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-1-108-41702-0.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 October 2016. Retrieved 15 July 2016.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "Nowoczesna wyprzedza PO, czyli rewolucja w sondażach [ANALIZA]". Newsweek.pl.
  19. ^ "Sondaż IBRiS wybory: 23 czerwca 2016 r. - Badanie opinii". wnp.pl.
  20. ^ a b Broniatowski, Michał (26 November 2017). "Polish opposition party elects new female leader". Politico Europe. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  21. ^ "Founder of Poland's opposition Nowoczesna party quits". Polskie Radio dla Zagranicy.
  22. ^ "Koniec klubu Nowoczesnej. Ośmiu posłów z .N przeszło do Platformy Obywatelskiej". PolskieRadio.pl. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  23. ^ S.A, Wirtualna Polska Media (24 November 2019). "Adam Szłapka nowym przewodniczącym Nowoczesnej". wiadomosci.wp.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  24. ^ Reinhold Vetter (2017). Nationalismus im Osten Europas: Was Kaczynski und Orbán mit Le Pen und Wilders verbindet. Ch. Links Verlag. p. 61. ISBN 978-3-86153-939-1.
  25. ^ "Posłowie Nowoczesnej wstąpili do klubu Platformy Obywatelskiej-Koalicji Obywatelskiej". PolskieRadio24.pl.